Impact of Type 2 Diabetes on Oncologic Outcomes of Hepatocellular Carcinomas in Non-Cirrhotic, Non-alcoholic Steatohepatitis: a Matched-Pair Analysis

ConclusionNon-cirrhotic NASH-HCC has outcomes comparable with other underling etiologies. Despite a lack of cirrhosis, patients with non-cirrhotic NASH-HCC have the same risks of HCC recurrence as patients with cirrhotic liver disease of other etiologies.
Source: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research

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ConclusionsThe additive risk of T2DM for HCC development was highest in patients with NASH. HCC risk may vary depending on the underlying etiology.
Source: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Ali Mahzari1, Songpei Li1, Xiu Zhou1,2, Dongli Li2, Sherouk Fouda1, Majid Alhomrani1, Wala Alzahrani1, Stephen R. Robinson1 and Ji-Ming Ye1,2* 1Lipid Biology and Metabolic Disease Laboratory, School of Health and Biomedical Sciences, RMIT University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia 2School of Biotechnology and Health Sciences, Wuyi University, Jiangmen, China The present study investigated the effects of matrine on non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) in mice induced by a methionine choline-deficient (MCD) diet and the mechanism involved. The study was performed in C57B/6J mice fed a MCD diet for 6 weeks to induce NAS...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Guangwen Luo1†, Bailiang Li1†, Cailu Yang2†, Yutang Wang1, Xin Bian1, Wan Li1, Fei Liu1 and Guicheng Huo1* 1Key Laboratory of Dairy Science, Ministry of Education, College of Food Science, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, China 2Department of Ultrasound, Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Dapeng New District, Shenzhen, China Modulating gut microbiota to promote host health is well recognized. Therefore, people consume dietary products containing traditional probiotics in wishing to improve their health, and they need more research-based advices on how to select products with sui...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewIn this review, we examine the interaction between the metabolic syndrome (MS) and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and describe the impact of the features of MS on the most worrisome complications of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), (cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma) and, ultimately, on liver-related, cardiovascular, and overall mortality.Recent FindingsInsulin resistance, obesity, and dyslipidemia in a pro-inflammatory environment have a causal role in hepatic fibrogenesis and oncogenesis in NAFLD patients. Natural history, longitudinal studies confirm the conditions linked to MS...
Source: Current Hepatitis Reports - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Abstract Hepatocellular carcinoma is the third most frequent cause of cancer death worldwide, particularly in Asia and Africa. Most cases complicate an underlying liver cirrhosis due to hepatitis B or C chronic virus infection or alcoholic abuse. But, following the current epidemics of obesity and type 2 diabetes, it appears that these diseases, associated in metabolic syndrome, are responsible for non alcoholic fatty liver disease at risk of HCC frequently before the stage of cirrhosis. Recent hypotheses consider that in the near future, cancer deaths due to HCC will overpass in USA those due to breast or colorec...
Source: Bulletin du Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Bull Cancer Source Type: research
AbstractNon-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) afflicts more than one third of the population in affluent societies, paralleling the dramatic escalation in global obesity prevalence. NAFLD is thus a leading cause for end-stage liver disease, cancer, and liver transplantation and an estimated 20 million patients worldwide will eventually die of their liver disease Rinella and Charlton (Hepatology2016;64:19 –22). Furthermore, NAFLD increases the risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. NAFLD comprises a complex disease phenotype ranging from simple steatosis, through to steatohepatitis, fibrosis, and ulti...
Source: Current Hepatitis Reports - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Conclusion This cohort study aimed to assess whether a high BMI in late adolescence is associated with an increased risk of severe liver disease and liver cancer in later life. The researchers generally found a higher BMI was associated with an increased risk of severe liver disease, including liver cancer. A diagnosis of type 2 diabetes during follow-up was associated with a further increased risk of severe liver disease, regardless of BMI at the start of the study. This study included a very large population, and has used reliable sources of data for medical diagnoses and cause of death. But there are limitations to ...
Source: NHS News Feed - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Obesity Cancer Source Type: news
The pathogenic and epidemiological relationship between liver function and type 2 diabetes is fairly complex and not fully elucidated yet. This relationship has been only partly uncovered by studies on non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), a condition that may progress toward chronic hepatitis, liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma [1 –3], especially when it occurs in diabetic subjects [4,5].
Source: Primary Care Diabetes - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Original research Source Type: research
Abstract Relationship on new statin use and the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with incident type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), who might be at the risk of developing HCC, is uncertained. A nationwide population–based nested case–control study was conducted within the National Health Insurance Service National Sample Cohort 2002–2013 in Korea. Newly prescribed statin after newly diagnosed T2DM was defined as statin use. Controls were matched to case patients on age, sex, follow–up time, and the date of diabetes diagnosis at a five–to–one ratio. Odds ratios (ORs) for ass...
Source: International Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) encompasses a spectrum of liver diseases from simple steatosis with hepatic lipid accumulation to end-stage liver disease with decompensated cirrhosis, liver failure and hepatocellular carcinoma. Recent data from the USA showed that in 2013, NAFLD was the second most frequent indication for liver transplantation behind hepatitis C. Since there are now effective treatments for hepatitis C and there is currently no licensed treatment for NAFLD, it has been predicted that over the next 10-15 years, NAFLD will replace hepatitis C as the most frequent indication for liver transplantatio...
Source: Digestive Diseases - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
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