Focused ultrasound opening brain to previously impossible treatments

(University of Virginia Health System) Focused ultrasound, the researchers hope, could revolutionize treatment for conditions from Alzheimer's to epilepsy to brain tumors -- and even help repair the devastating damage caused by stroke.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

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Conclusion: Microwave-assisted extraction was the best method for the preparation of date syrup with an optimal recovery of total sugar content. However, ultrasound-assisted extraction was the best one for the preparation of date syrup with high content of reducing sugars.
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
The article Intracerebral haemorrhage on the acute stroke unit
Source: Journal of Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ABSTRACT Objective Evaluate the accuracy of two semantic categories of the verbal fluency test (supermarket and animal categories) to separate healthy elderly individuals and lower educated Alzheimer ’ s disease patients. Methods We evaluated 69 older adults with less than 5 years of schooling, consisting of 31 healthy elderly, and 38 patients diagnosed with Alzheimer ’ s disease. Semantic verbal fluency was evaluated using the animal and supermarket categories. Mann-Whitney U and Independent t Tests were used to compare the two groups, and the diagnostic accuracy of the tests was analyzed by sensitivity, speci...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Insightec has secured coverage for Medicare beneficiaries in all U.S. states...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Focused ultrasound treatment to brain relieves tremors FDA clears Insightec's Exablate for GE's Signa MR scanner Insightec nets reimbursement in Japan InSightec secures expanded Medicare coverage InSightec gets expanded indication for Exablate Neuro
Source: Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news
In conclusion, while rs-fMRI use in clinical neuroradiology practice is limited, enthusiasm appears to be quite high and there are several possible avenues in which further research and development may facilitate its penetration into clinical practice. Introduction Techniques for quantifying spatial and temporal brain activity have developed rapidly since the first demonstrations that MRI could be used to measure modulations in blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) tissue contrast (1). The observation that MRI could be used to monitor temporally correlated low-frequency activity fluctuations in spatially remote brain a...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Authors: Hersh DS, Eisenberg HM Abstract Focused ultrasound (FUS) produces a region of high intensity at the focal zone of the beam but with minimal effects at adjacent areas, allowing the sonication of deep targets throughout the body. Despite early obstacles to transmitting ultrasound energy through the skull, recent advances in ultrasound technology, software, and real-time monitoring have resulted in a renewed interest in the clinical applications of transcranial FUS. Following extensive pre- clinical studies, ultrasound-induced thermal ablation has been approved by several countries for the treatment of essent...
Source: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: J Neurosurg Sci Source Type: research
Conclusions: This study demonstrates that neurologic patients have a high proportion of AEs in hospital. The findings provide information on the quality and safety of care for people with neurologic conditions in hospital, which can help inform future quality improvement initiatives.
Source: Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: All Health Services Research, Medical care, All Clinical Neurology, Patient safety ARTICLE Source Type: research
iev G Abstract The neuroimmune system represents a dense network of biochemical signals associated with neurotransmitters, neuropeptides, neurohormones, cytokines, chemokines, and growth factors synthesized in neurons, glial cells and immune cells, to maintain systemic homeostasis. Endogenous and/or exogenous, noxious stimuli in any tissue are captured by sensor cells to inform the brain; likewise, signals originating at the central nervous system (CNS) level are transmitted to peripheral immune effectors which react to central stimuli. This multidirectional information system makes it possible for the CNS to resp...
Source: Epilepsy Curr - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Curr Pharm Des Source Type: research
We describe quality improvement and practice-based research using the electronic medical record (EMR) in a community health system–based department of neurology. Our care transformation initiative targets 10 neurologic disorders (brain tumors, epilepsy, migraine, memory disorders, mild traumatic brain injury, multiple sclerosis, neuropathy, Parkinson disease, restless legs syndrome, and stroke) and brain health (risk assessments and interventions to prevent Alzheimer disease and related disorders in targeted populations). Our informatics methods include building and implementing structured clinical documentation supp...
Source: Nature Clinical Practice - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Eye on Practice Source Type: research
Conclusions: Identification of alexithymia could be relevant for prognosis and therapeutic decisions in patients with neurological disease and is certainly worthy of further study. Tools with which to measure alexithymia and delineation from affective disorders and apathy are important methodological issues for future work. PMID: 25658681 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research
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