What Are the Complications of Inhalant Abuse?

Discussion Hydrocarbons (HC) are organic compounds that are abused because they produce a euphoric effect, usually quickly, are low cost and easily obtained. They are commonly abused by adolescents and use in the US is either stable or increasing. Volatile HC rapidly distribute throughout the body which produces euphoria in seconds to minutes. There are 3 ways that HC are inhaled: Sniffing – directly inhaling the HC from the container. This has the lowest HC concentration. Huffing – a cloth is saturated with the HC and then the cloth is held to the nose and mouth and inhaled. This has a higher concentration than sniffing and lower than bagging. Bagging – the HC is sprayed into an impermeable bag and then the bag is placed over the nose and mouth and inhaled, or the bag is placed over the entire head and inhaled. This has the highest HC concentration. Common HC that are abused include: Aliphatic (straight chain) – butane, gasoline, propane Alkyl halides – aerosol cans, freon, paint strippers Aromatic (cyclic) – adhesive, benzene, glues, spray paint, toluene, varnishes Nitrites – air fresheners Ethers/Ketones – adhesive, nail polish remover, paint Ways to identify potential inhalant abuse includes stains of the substance used (i.e. paint), rashes around the mouth and/or nose, and signs of irritation of the mucous membranes of the head including conjunctivitis, sneezing, rhinitis, epistaxis, and sore throat. The lung is th...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

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