Ultrasound diagnosis of acute appendicitis complicating De Garengeot ’s hernia
We report a case of an 80-year-old woman admitted to our emergency department complaining of pain in the right groin. This symptomatology, present for 2 days, increased in the following 1 2 h. Ultrasonography (US) and contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) were performed, which showed the herniation of the vermiform appendix in the femoral hernia sac. Doppler ultrasonography (DUS) and CECT were the fundamental imaging investigations for this diagnosis. The management of De Gar engeot’s hernia is surgical through herniorrhaphy, which makes it possible to repair the femoral hernia and perform an appendicectomy in case of appendicitis.
Abstract A 76-year-old Japanese man was transferred to our hospital to undergo rehabilitation after traffic accident-related injuries. Seven days post-admission, he presented with abdominal pain and an 8-cm lump in the right inguinal region. He was diagnosed with an incarcerated inguinal hernia and underwent elective surgery the day after manual reduction. He had a normal vermiform appendix which was observed to have adhered to the right indirect hernia sac. An appendectomy and hernia repair using lightweight mesh were performed. We discuss the surgical management of this rare incarcerated Amyand's hernia and the ...
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ConclusionsWe recommend laparoscopic appendectomy and totally extraperitoneal hernia repair with mesh after laparoscopic reduction for Amyand ’s hernia.
ConclusionThis laparoscopic treatment strategy is feasible for Amyand’s hernia, with minimized risk of surgical site infection (SSI), fair recovery and cosmesis.
The ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block or TAP block is a well-established regional anesthetic block used by anesthesiologists for peri-operative pain control of the anterior abdominal wall. Multiple studies have demonstrated its utility to control pain for a range of procedures from inguinal hernia repair, laparoscopic cholecystectomies to cesarean sections [1-3]. There are no cases describing the efficacy of the ultrasound-guided TAP block in the emergency department as a part of a multimodal pain pathway for patients diagnosed with acute appendicitis.
We present a case of appendicitis within a De Garengeot hernia. The patient presented to the emergency department with 4 days of worsening abdominal pain. Computed tomography examination revealed an inflamed appendix within a femoral hernia. The patient underwent appendectomy and repair of the femoral defect. Pathological examination was consistent with acute appendicitis. De Garengeot hernia is a rare phenomenon, with less than 5% of femoral hernias containing the appendix and 0.08% to 0.13% containing an incarcerated acute appendicitis.
Conclusion There is a paucity of reports describing simultaneous appendicitis and cecal perforation within an Amyand's hernia. In our case, ileocecectomy and Bassini hernia repair with close follow-up led to a favorable outcome.
CONCLUSION: Pain management was inadequate in most of the groups studied, particularly after appendicectomy or umbilical hernia repair, with most children experiencing at least moderate pain on the day of and day after surgery. There was a need for a standardized management, with increased dual analgesia prescribing, to ensure that children receive adequate postoperative analgesia in hospital and at home. PMID: 29030932 [PubMed - in process]
ConclusionPain management was inadequate in most of the groups studied, particularly after appendicectomy or umbilical hernia repair, with most children experiencing at least moderate pain on the day of and day after surgery. There was a need for a standardized management, with increased dual analgesia prescribing, to ensure that children receive adequate postoperative analgesia in hospital and at home.
CONCLUSION Full preoperative workup for a femoral hernia often fails to diagnose the presence of the Appendix within the hernia. It is important to have a high clinical suspicion for a de Garengeot’s hernia in patients with incarcerated or strangulated right femoral hernias.