Interaction of Cyclooxygenase-2 with Helicobacter pylori Induces Gastric Chronic Nonresolving Inflammation and the Formation of Syndrome of Internal Block of Static Blood in Helicobacter pylori-Related Gastric Diseases.

Interaction of Cyclooxygenase-2 with Helicobacter pylori Induces Gastric Chronic Nonresolving Inflammation and the Formation of Syndrome of Internal Block of Static Blood in Helicobacter pylori-Related Gastric Diseases. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2020;2020:7340814 Authors: Dai YK, Zhang YZ, Li DY, Chen X, Gong L, Luo Q, Lan SY, Chen B, Wu JY, Zhang ZJ, Huang MX, Ye JT, Chen WJ, Li RL, Hu L Abstract Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is an inducible enzyme stimulated by various inflammatory factors (IFs). Chronic gastritis is a classic model of "inflammation-cancer transformation" and Helicobacter pylori-related gastric diseases (HPGD) are specific ones of this model. Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) syndromes could play a predictive role in gastric histopathological evolution. To search for early warning evidence about "inflammation-cancer transformation," this study is about to explore interaction of COX-2 with Helicobacter pylori (Hp) in HPGD with different TCM syndromes. All included subjects underwent endoscopy and biopsy. Hp infection was detected by rapid urease test and methylene blue staining. Histopathological characteristics and COX-2 expression in gastric mucosa (GM) were, respectively, observed by hematoxylin-eosin and Elivision™ plus. SPSS 18.0 and Stata 11.0 statistical software packages were used for statistical analysis. Results of immunohistochemical staining in this study showed COX-2 expression in Hp-positive ...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research

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Source: BMC Research Notes - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Research note Source Type: research
ConclusionChronic gastritis andH. pylori infection are risk factors for laryngeal carcinoma formation; therefore, acute gastritis with helicobacter pylori infection must be immediately treated to not let infection to become chronic.
Source: European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Disruption in the epigenetic mechanisms is one of the causes of cancer; particularly in the gut. It has been elucidated that multiple genetic and epigenetic alterations during this process caused by chronic inflammation play a crucial role in the cancer progress. DNA methylation impairment as a leading change is caused during the proliferation of Helicobacter pylori. It has been unraveled that numerous tumor suppressor genes are regulated by related promoter methylation, justifying environmental factors inducing gastric carcinoma. H. pylori infection affects various cells through inflammation, changes in apoptosis, prolife...
Source: Reviews in Medical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Tags: BACTERIOLOGY Source Type: research
Abstract Virulence factors of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) are diverse, so various biological responses happen in a host infected with H. pylori. The aim of this study is to conduct the metabolomics-based evaluation on H. pylori infection. AGS human gastric carcinoma cells were infected with H. pylori strain 26695, and then the altered metabolite pathways in the infected AGS cells were analyzed by metabolomics. Metabolites related to the glutathione (GSH) cycle were downregulated by H. pylori infection. Next, we evaluated the effects of H. pylori on the GSH-related pathway in AGS c...
Source: Biochemical and Biophysical Research communications - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Biochem Biophys Res Commun Source Type: research
This study aimed to examine the association betweenH. pylori and RELM β expression in gastric carcinoma and precursor lesions.H. pylori infection and RELM β expression were immunohistochemically evaluated in gastric biopsies from 230 patients. The biopsies consisted of normal gastric mucosa (n=20), mucosa with chronic gastritis (n=41), intestinal metaplasia (n=42), dysplasia (n=31), intestinal-type adenocarcinoma (n=56), and diffuse-type adenocarcinoma (n=40). RELM β expression was measured in gastric biopsies afterH. pylori eradication therapy in a subgroup of 32 patients. Cultured gastric cancer cell line ...
Source: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology -- Medical Sciences -- - Category: Research Source Type: research
Authors: Baghbanian M, Hoseini Mousa SA, Doosti M, Moghimi M Abstract BACKGROUND: In the recent years, hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection has been considered as a risk factor for gastriccancer, but further studies are required to confirm these claim. The present study was aimed to evaluate the correlationbetween gastric pathology (precancerous and cancerous conditions) with HBV infection in Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)positive or negative patients. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 728 patients under endoscopy examination in YazdShaheed Sadoughi Hospital between 2017 and 2018 were participated. Histopat...
Source: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Asian Pac J Cancer Prev Source Type: research
This study showed a case and reviewed the clinical characteristics of early NECs in stomach. Patient concerns: A 38-year-old man displayed no symptoms and underwent the gastric endoscopy test for his health examination, which showed a red slightly depressed lesion 1.0 cm in size on the lesser curvature of gastric cardia. Magnifying endoscopy with narrow-band imaging (NBI) revealed a clear demarcation and an irregular mesh in vessels within the depressed area. The background mucosa was negative for atrophic gastritis and Helicobacter Pylori infection. A contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) scan disclosed no obvio...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
Background: Early gastric carcinoma (EGC) with pure signet ring cell carcinoma (pSRCC) has been reported to have favourable prognosis and low risk of lymph node metastasis (LNM). However, risk factors of LNM and clinicopathological features for early gastric mixed signet ring cell carcinoma (mSRCC) remain poorly investigated. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors of LNM and compare clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of early gastric pSRCC with mSRCC.Methods: This retrospective study was conducted at our center between 2005 and 2015 in 796 patients underwent radical gastrectomies combined with ly...
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Authors: Sokolova O, Naumann M Abstract Over the last years, intensive investigations in molecular biology and cell physiology extended tremendously the knowledge about the association of inflammation and cancer. In frame of this paradigm, the human pathogen Helicobacter pylori triggers gastritis and gastric ulcer disease, and contributes to the development of gastric cancer. Mechanisms, by which the bacteria-induced inflammation in gastric mucosa leads to intestinal metaplasia and carcinoma, are represented in this review. An altered cell-signaling response and increased production of free radicals by epithelial a...
Source: Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology - Category: Microbiology Tags: Curr Top Microbiol Immunol Source Type: research
Poshmaal Dhar1 and Julie McAuley2* 1Faculty of Health, School of Medicine, Deakin University, Geelong, VIC, Australia 2Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Peter Doherty Institute, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, Australia The family of cell surface (cs-) mucins are constitutively expressed at the cell surface by nearly all epithelial cells, beneath the gel-mucin layer. All cs-mucin family members have structural features that enable them to act as a releasable decoy barrier to mucosal pathogens, by providing ligands for pathogen binding and the ability to shed the bound extracellular domain. Due ...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
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