Mouse embryos exposed to oxygen concentrations that mimic changes in the oviduct and uterus show improvement in blastocyst rate, blastocyst size, and accelerated cell division.

This study investigates the effect of a protocol aimed at closely reproducing that natural oxygen concentration in the oviduct (7 % O2 from day 1 to day 3 and 2 % from day 3 to day 5), in contrast to the concentrations (5 % or 20 %) widely used in practice in ART using morphokinetic. Female mice (BI6/CBAca) were sacrificed, and zygotes were isolated 20 h after mating and randomly allocated to three parallel groups, which were grown under high atmospheric, low, or sequential oxygen concentrations. Zygotes were cultured in GTL medium (Vitrolife) and observed by the Primovision time-lapse system. Blastocyst rate at 120 h in the sequential group (91.3 %) was significantly increased over the high (76.3 %) and low (74.4 %) groups. Blastocyst size was also enlarged in the sequential group compared to the high and low groups. Moreover, cell division in the sequential group was significantly faster at almost every cleavage stage than it was in the other groups. Notably, the duration of the interims between stages also differed significantly between the groups. This study demonstrated that, in comparison to routinely used high or low oxygen conditions, oxygen concentrations mimicking changes in the oviduct and uterus significantly improve the blastocyst rate and size and accelerate cell division at several stages as well as the interims between cleavage events. PMID: 32317160 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Reproductive Biology - Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Tags: Reprod Biol Source Type: research

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