How much do college students with ADHD benefit from retrieval practice when learning key-term definitions?

Publication date: August 2020Source: Learning and Instruction, Volume 68Author(s): Laura E. Knouse, Katherine A. Rawson, John Dunlosky
Source: Learning and Instruction - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Related Links:

Publication date: Available online 31 May 2020Source: Academic PediatricsAuthor(s): Jessica E. Rast, Kristy A. Anderson, Anne M. Roux, Paul T. Shattuck
Source: Academic Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
The advent and application of high-throughput sequencing is revolutionizing our understanding of the molecular neurobiology of diverse psychiatric disorders. Whole-genome sequencing, which targets the coding regions of the genome, and whole-exome sequencing are being applied to study multiple psychiatric disorders, including autism spectrum disorder (ASD), attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, schizophrenia, and Tourette ’s disorder, among others [(1–3); https://schema.broadinstitute.org]. These studies have demonstrated a role for ultrarare, deleterious, frequently de novo variation in each disorder, and h...
Source: Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Commentary Source Type: research
Tourette syndrome (TS), also known as Tourette ’s disorder, is a neurodevelopmental disorder with onset in early childhood characterized by multiple motor tics and at least one vocal tic that have been present for longer than 1 year. TS is a model neuropsychiatric disorder, in that the vast majority of affected individuals, whether ascertained in clinical or community settings, experience at least one co-occurring psychiatric disorder, such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and/or mood, anxiety, and specific learning disorders (1).
Source: Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Commentary Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 26 May 2020Source: NeuroImage: ClinicalAuthor(s): Sheut-Ling Lam, Marion Criaud, Analucia Alegria, Gareth J. Barker, Vincent Giampietro, Katya Rubia
Source: NeuroImage: Clinical - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
In this issue of the Journal, Blader et al.1 report the results of a double-blind randomized controlled trial (RCT) aimed at assessing the comparative efficacy and tolerability of adjunctive risperidone (RISP), valproex sodium (DVPX) or placebo for aggressive behaviors in children (aged 6-12) with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and comorbid oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), or conduct disorder (CD), as well as a prior history of psychostimulant treatment. Participants with aggressive symptoms persisting after an open-label optimization of psychostimulant medication entered the 8-week randomized phase.
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn addition to confirming the role of MDD, we demonstrate that ADHD and schizophrenia likely play a role in the aetiology of self-harm using multivariate genetic designs for causal inference. Among the many individual risk factors we simultaneously considered, our findings suggest that systematic detection and treatment of core psychiatric symptoms, including psychotic and impulsivity symptoms, may be beneficial among people at risk for self-harm.
Source: PLoS Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Sagiadinou M, Plerou A Abstract Neurofeedback video games respond to electrical brain signals instead to a mouse, joystick, or game controller input. These games embody the concept of improving physiological functioning by rewarding specific healthy body signals with success at playing a video game. In this paper, a threefold framework in reference to attention deficit disorder (ADD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) treatment blending with neurofeedback techniques and video game implementation is presented. In particular, the specifications of a neurofeedback-based video game for childre...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Conclusions: Although these data suggest ADHD symptom and EF deficit improvement following lisdexamfetamine are interdependent, it is advantageous to use measures like the BRIEF-A to assess stimulant effects on the wide range of EF deficits associated with ADHD that are not captured by the ADHD-RS-AP alone. Trial Registration: Data used in this secondary analysis came from ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01101022. PMID: 32470230 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Primary Care Companion for CNS Disorders - Category: Primary Care Tags: Prim Care Companion CNS Disord Source Type: research
AbstractAdolescents seeking bariatric surgery may present with pre-existing psychiatric diagnoses for which they use chronic medications. To heighten awareness concerning perioperative polypharmacy in adolescents with extreme obesity, we conducted a retrospective review of patients undergoing laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy between February 2010 and May 2017 at Children ’s National Health System (CNHS). A total of 167 adolescent patients had pre-existing psychiatric diagnoses which included depression (50%), anxiety (23%), ADHD (23%), and binge eating disorder (11%). Medications prescribed to treat these diagnoses in...
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
This study examined the levels of agreement between the reports of 207 adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and their parents regarding the adolescents’ callous–unemotional (CU) traits and investigated the factors influencing adolescent–parent agreement. Adolescent–parent agreement about CU traits in three dimensions according to the Chinese version of the Inventory of Callous and Unemotional Traits was examined. The influence of demographic characteristics, comorbid conduct disorder (CD), oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), and ADHD symptoms on adolescen...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
More News: ADHD | Learning | Psychology | Students | Universities & Medical Training