The clinical and cost-effectiveness of a Victim Improvement Package (VIP) for the reduction of chronic symptoms of depression or anxiety in older victims of common crime (the VIP trial): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial - Serfaty M, Aspden T, Satchell J, Kessel A, Laycock G, Brewin CR, Buszewicz M, O'Keeffe A, Hunter R, Leavey G, Cuming-Higgs J, Drennan V, Riveros M, Andrew D, Blanchard M.

BACKGROUND: Older people are vulnerable to sustained high levels of psychosocial distress following a crime. A cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT)-informed psychological therapy, the Victim Improvement Package (VIP) may aid recovery. The VIP trial aims to ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

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Abstract Cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia is the recommended treatment for chronic insomnia. However, up to a quarter of patients dropout from cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia programmes. Acceptance, mindfulness and values-based actions may constitute complementary therapeutic tools to cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia. The current study sought to evaluate the efficacy of a remotely delivered programme combining the main components of cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia (sleep restriction and stimulus control) with the third-wave cognitive behavioural therapy acceptance and comm...
Source: Journal of Sleep Research - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: J Sleep Res Source Type: research
Patients suffering from cancer must face the illness itself, but also a lot of adversity throughout it. Indeed, there are multiple effects and side effects of cancer and a notable side effect is depression. Depression can affect up to 40% of cancer patients.1 CBT is an empirically effective treatment for severe depression. Therefore, CBT could be effective to treat depression in advanced cancer.
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Conditions:   Mild Traumatic Brain Injury;   Internet-Delivered Cognitive Behavioural Therapy;   Depression;   Anxiety Intervention:   Behavioral: Internet-delivered Cognitive Behavioural Therapy(ICBT) Sponsor:   Lawson Health Research Institute Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
CONCLUSIONS: Patients' fatigue, physical functioning and social adjustment all significantly improved following cognitive behavioural therapy for chronic fatigue syndrome in a naturalistic outpatient setting. These findings support the growing evidence from previous randomised control trials and suggest that cognitive behavioural therapy could be an effective treatment in routine treatment settings. PMID: 32930040 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: J R Soc Med AND (has... - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: J R Soc Med Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Gaps exist in the evidence on mental health interventions for refugees, asylum seekers, and internally displaced persons. Most reviews do not specify that internally displaced persons are included in the selection criteria, even though they make up the majority of involuntary migrants worldwide. Reviews specific to mental health promotion and prevention of common mental disorders are missing, and there is more evidence available for adults or mixed populations than for children. The literature is focused on post-traumatic stress disorder and trauma-related symptoms, with less attention for depression and anxie...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur findings give insufficient evidence to support a recommendation of either transdiagnostic or diagnosis-specific CBT for a given patient or to predict the response to the applied group therapies.
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 31 July 2020Source: Journal of Anxiety DisordersAuthor(s): Danielle E. Katz, Judith M. Laposa, Neil A. Rector
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
The objectives of this study are to carry out a review of the smoking cessation apps that apply CBT and to describe the techniques used by them. Following the PRISMA framework, the databases EBSCOhost, Cochrane, Web of Science and Scopus were searched for publications between 2010-2019. Four hundred fifteen studies were found and, after applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria, only five articles were eligible for systematic review. Only three apps were identified as using CBT, and the techniques most commonly used were the recording of smoking history, progress visualised through graphics, psycho-educational videos, ...
Source: Adicciones - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Adicciones Source Type: research
Conclusions should therefore be drawn cautiously. The findings suggest positive effects of resilience training for healthcare professionals, but the evidence is very uncertain. There is a clear need for high-quality replications and improved study designs. PMID: 32627860 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: There is evidence that for women who experience IPV, psychological therapies probably reduce depression and may reduce anxiety. However, we are uncertain whether psychological therapies improve other outcomes (self-efficacy, post-traumatic stress disorder, re-exposure to IPV, safety planning) and there are limited data on harm. Thus, while psychological therapies probably improve emotional health, it is unclear if women's ongoing needs for safety, support and holistic healing from complex trauma are addressed by this approach. There is a need for more interventions focused on trauma approaches and more rigorou...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
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