Dietary Supplements and Cognitive Function, Dementia, and Alzheimer’s Disease
Concerns about forgetfulness and whether it is the first sign of Alzheimer’s disease are common, particularly among older patients. Your patients may also ask questions about use of dietary supplements, which are often marketed with claims that they enhance memory or improve brain function and health. This issue of the digest summarizes current information on “what the science says” about several dietary supplements that have been studied for cognitive function, dementia, and Alzheimer’s disease. Research on several other dietary supplements to determine whether they have any effect on the progression of cognitive decline or Alzheimer’s disease is ongoing. In addition, research on some mind and body practices such as music therapy and mental imagery, which have shown promise in treating some symptoms related to dementia, as well as alleviating stress among caregivers, is underway.
CONCLUSION: The identified psychosocial interventions are effective at reducing symptoms of depression or anxiety in PWD experiencing these symptoms. This review is limited by the quality of studies, small sample sizes and the heterogeneity of the interventions, therefore high quality studies with larger sample sizes are required to test the efficacy of specific interventions such as CBT. PMID: 30328711 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conditions: Quality of Life; Social Interaction; Emotions; Mood; Feelings; Alzheimer Disease; Dementia Interventions: Behavioral: Music therapy; Behavioral: Non-Music Verbal Interaction (Placebo) Sponsor: Alaine Hernandez Recruiting
This study suggests benefits in mood and quality of life but not cognition, agitation, or aggression.Medscape Medical News
(Reuters Health) - Music therapy may improve depression and anxiety in dementia patients, a new analysis suggests.
CONCLUSIONS: Providing people with dementia who are in institutional care with at least five sessions of a music-based therapeutic intervention probably reduces depressive symptoms and improves overall behavioural problems at the end of treatment. It may also improve emotional well-being and quality of life and reduce anxiety, but may have little or no effect on agitation or aggression or on cognition. We are uncertain about effects on social behaviour and about long-term effects. Future studies should examine the duration of effects in relation to the overall duration of treatment and the number of sessions. PMID: 30...
Hospice organizations are keenly aware of the soothing power of music. Sometimes the music may be used casually, by the facility or the family, knowing that this is a type of music that the person who is in the dying process had always enjoyed. Increasingly, though, employing trained music therapists has been favored. This type of therapy seems especially helpful with those who are dying from Alzheimer’s or other forms of dementia. Perhaps this is because in the final stage of dementia, people have usually moved beyond the point where conversation is possible. Read more on HealthCentral about how music therapy c...
Publication date: Available online 29 April 2017Source: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation MedicineAuthor(s): Teppo SärkämöAbstractMusic has the capacity to engage auditory, cognitive, motor, and emotional functions across cortical and subcortical brain regions and is relatively preserved in aging and dementia. Thus, music is a promising tool in the rehabilitation of aging-related neurological illnesses, such as stroke and Alzheimer disease. As the population ages and the incidence and prevalence of these illnesses rapidly increases, music-based interventions that are enjoyable and effective in the everyd...