Chronic pain in children

Abstract: Chronic pain (CP) in children is a significant medical condition. The exact incidence is difficult to define but we know that historically it has been underdiagnosed and undertreated. Children can present with a variety of pain conditions (e.g. chronic headache, abdominal pain and musculoskeletal/limb pain).The medical pathway of children with chronic pain is a long and stressful one, often involving extensive investigations. A child with chronic pain will show a variety of concomitant symptoms – sleep disturbance, school absence, psychological symptoms such as anxiety, low mood and in extreme cases depression. The impact on the family needs to be taken into consideration, as by the time the child is referred to pain management there is invariably a degree of parental stress and family dysfunction.Children with chronic pain should have a full assessment of their pain and require the input of a multidisciplinary team: physicians, physiotherapists, psychologists and child and adolescent psychiatrists. Treatment goals rely on reducing or eliminating the pain, improving overall function and allowing the child to develop successful coping strategies.
Source: Anaesthesia and intensive care medicine - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Pain Source Type: research

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Conclusion: The results of our study may suggest the presence of FM as a clinical sign of a more severe migraine. However, the long-term prospective studies including these group of patients are needed to understand the prognostic impact and importance of the comorbid FM in migraine. Abbreviations: FM: Fibromyalgia; MIDAS: Migraine Disability Assessment. PMID: 31221031 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Neurological Research - Category: Neurology Tags: Neurol Res Source Type: research
Abstract Background: Chronic migraine with medication overuse headache (CM-MOH) is the most common type of chronic migraine, and it increases risk of stroke and white matter lesions. These pathologic changes could induce cognitive decline. However, the alteration of cognitive function in CM-MOH patients is not established. Therefore, we took this study to reveal the cognitive performances in CM-MOH. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted between December 2015 and January 2017. Patients were divided into CM-MOH, CMwoMOH (chronic migraine without medication overuse), and MO (migraine without aura) gr...
Source: Pain Research and Management - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Pain Res Manag Source Type: research
I was looking back over the last 8 years since the first Wheat Belly book was released. It’s been 8 years of astounding, truly breathtaking stories of success over weight issues, health, and physical transformations that skeptics even today claim are impossible. It’s been a virtual avalanche of wonderful stories. Although I’ve seen all of them, often more than once, I could not help but be overcome with satisfaction and pride for the many, many spectacular photos and stories people have shared. So I thought it would be fun to re-post a small sample of some of these stories dating back from the start of th...
Source: Wheat Belly Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Wheat Belly Success Stories grain-free Inflammation Source Type: blogs
“Once you learn the art of relaxation, everything happens spontaneously and effortlessly.” – Amma During hectic times, it’s tough to remember that relaxation is more than a luxury. In fact, humans need to relax to maintain balance in their lives. Work stress, family strife, and mounting responsibilities can exact a tremendous toll. Relaxing should be at the top of the list as a healthy coping measure and as a rewarding self-gift. Why do we so often neglect this healing self-care? Do you know the healthiest ways to relax your mind, body and soul? Perhaps the biggest obstacle to relaxing is that some ...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Mental Health and Wellness Mindfulness Self-Help Source Type: blogs
Rui Yan1, ShiWan Tao1, HaiYan Liu1, Yu Chen1, JiaBo Shi1, YuYin Yang1, RongXin Zhu1, ZhiJian Yao1,2* and Qing Lu3,4*1Department of Psychiatry, The Affiliated Brain Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China2Nanjing Brain Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University, Nanjing, China3School of Biological Sciences and Medical Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing, China4Child Development and Learning Science, Key Laboratory of Ministry of Education, Nanjing, ChinaBackground: Major depressive disorders often involve somatic symptoms and have been found to have fundamental differences from non-somatic depressi...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Conclusion: These findings support the hypothesis that in FM a deteriorated function of cortical inhibition, indexed by a higher SICI parameter, a lower function of the DPMS, together with a higher level of BDNF indicate that FM has different pathological substrates from depression. They suggest that an up-regulation phenomenon of intracortical inhibitory networks associated with a disruption of the DPMS function occurs in FM. Introduction Major depressive disorder (MDD) and fibromyalgia (FM) present overlapped symptoms. Although the connection between these two disorders has not been elucidated yet, the disruption...
Source: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Discussion Human trafficking is estimated to be the second largest criminal activity in the world after illegal arms trafficking. It affects all nations with an estimated 27 million people of all ages worldwide but only a small number are identified. It is defined by the United Nations as “the recruitment, transfer, harboring, or receipt of persons by means of threat or use of force or other forms of coercions, abduction, fraud, deception, the abuse of power, or a position of vulnerability to achieve the consent of a person, having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation.” It includes comme...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
Sleep Is Compromised in −12° Head Down Tilt Position Alessa L. Boschert1*, David Elmenhorst2,3, Peter Gauger1, Zhili Li4, Maria T. Garcia-Gutierrez5, Darius Gerlach1, Bernd Johannes1, Jochen Zange1, Andreas Bauer2,6 and Jörn Rittweger1,7 1Department of Muscle and Bone Metabolism, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Cologne, Germany 2Forschungszentrum Jülich, Institute of Neuroscience and Medicine (INM-2), Jülich, Germany 3Division of Medical Psychology, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany 4State Key Laboratory of Space Medicine Fundamentals and Application, China ...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Ryan R. Kelly1,2†, Lindsay T. McDonald1,2†, Nathaniel R. Jensen1,2, Sara J. Sidles1,2 and Amanda C. LaRue1,2* 1Research Services, Ralph H. Johnson VA Medical Center, Charleston, SC, United States 2Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, United States The significant biochemical and physiological effects of psychological stress are beginning to be recognized as exacerbating common diseases, including osteoporosis. This review discusses the current evidence for psychological stress-associated mental health disorders as risk factors for os...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Objectives: The aims of this study were: (1) to investigate the association between the rs4680Val158Met polymorphism in frequent episodic tension-type headache (FETTH) and chronic tension-type headache (CTTH); and (2) to analyze the association between the rs4680Val158Met polymorphism with clinical, psychological, or psychophysical variables. Methods: In total, 50 women with FETTH, 50 with CTTH, and 50 matched headache-free women participated. After amplifying Val158Met polymorphism by polymerase chain reaction, the genotype frequencies and allele distributions based on restriction fragment length polymorphism were as...
Source: The Clinical Journal of Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
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