Multivariate Prediction of Intraoperative Abandonment of Ileal Pouch Anal Anastomosis

CONCLUSIONS: Ileoanal pouch abandonment is rare and can be mitigated by initial total abdominal colectomy and weight loss. Male, obese patients are at a higher risk of failure. Intraoperative assessment of ileoanal pouch feasibility should occur before rectal dissection. See Video Abstract at PREDICCIÓN MULTIVARIANTE DEL ABANDONO INTRAOPERATORIO DE LA ANASTOMOSIS ANAL CON BOLSA ILEAL ANTECEDENTES: La proctocolectomía total restaurativa con anastomosis de bolsa ileoanal puede no ser posible en algunos pacientes debido a limitaciones técnicas intraoperatorias. OBJETIVO: Evaluar los predictores preoperatorios para el abandono intraoperatorio de la bolsa ileoanal y revisar el manejo. DISEÑO: Revisión retrospectiva. MARCO: Cleveland Clinic entre Enero de 2010 y mayo de 2018. PACIENTES: Pacientes> 18 años que se sometieron a cirugía de bolsa ileoanal. Los pacientes con una creación exitosa de la bolsa según lo planeado se agruparon como “creación exitosa de anastomosis de bolsa ileoanal”. Se revisaron los informes operativos de los pacientes que se sometieron a procedimientos alternativos para identificar los casos en que la bolsa se planificó preoperatoriamente pero se abandonó intraoperatoriamente (grupo de “anastomosis anal de bolsa ileoanal abandonada”). Se desarrollaron modelos de regresión logística multivari...
Source: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Contributions: Inflammatory Bowel Disease Source Type: research

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This study aimed to present the longitudinal course of height, weight, and body mass index (BMI) of children from IBD diagnosis to 18  months of follow-up, and to describe the impact of BMI on the clinical course of the disease. One hundred and fifty-two children were identified, of whom 85 had Crohn’s disease (CD) and 67 had ulcerative colitis (UC). During a median (interquartile range) follow-up of 2.95 (1.73–4.5) years, w eight and BMI Z-scores increased in the first 18 months since diagnosis in both the CD (P 
Source: European Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
In this study, we evaluated the effects of high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity on the development of experimental colitis in mice. The C57BL/6 mice were fed with a HFD for 12  weeks to develop obesity. The concentrations of free fatty acids (FFA), triglycerides, and cholesterol in plasma were significantly increased in HFD-fed mice compared to low-fat diet (LFD)-fed mice. We found that HFD-induced obesity could exacerbate 2,4,6-trinitro-benzene-sulfonic acid (TNBS)-indu ced experimental colitis in mice resembling Crohn’s disease (CD). HFD-fed mice showed shorter colon length, higher clinical scores and histologi...
Source: Inflammation - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Enteric neuronal degeneration, as seen in inflammatory bowel disease, obesity, and diabetes, can lead to gastrointestinal dysmotility. Pyroptosis is a novel form of programmed cell death but little is known about its role in enteric neuronal degeneration. We observed higher levels of cleaved caspase-1, a marker of pyroptosis, in myenteric ganglia of overweight and obese human subjects compared with normal-weight subjects. Western diet–fed (WD-fed) mice exhibited increased myenteric neuronal pyroptosis, delayed colonic transit, and impaired electric field stimulation–induced colonic relaxation responses. WD incr...
Source: Journal of Clinical Investigation - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
Source: Clinical Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research
AbstractHuman exposure to a wide variety of engineered nanoparticles (NPs) is on the rise and use in common food additives increases gastrointestinal (GI) exposure. Host health is intricately linked to the GI microbiome and immune response. Perturbations in the microbiota can affect energy harvest, trigger inflammation and alter the mucosal barrier leading to various disease states such as obesity and inflammatory bowel diseases. We hypothesized that single high ‐dose titanium dioxide (TiO2) NP exposure in mice would lead to dysbiosis and stimulate mucus production and local immune populations. Juvenile mice (9 ‐10 wee...
Source: Journal of Applied Toxicology - Category: Toxicology Authors: Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
Abstract Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory disease that is commonly encountered in primary care and is associated with significant morbidity that extends beyond the skin manifestations. Psoriasis is associated with an elevated risk of psoriatic arthritis, cardiovascular disease, obesity, insulin resistance, mental health disorders, certain types of malignancy, inflammatory bowel disease and other immune-related disorders, and hepatic and renal disease. Enhanced recognition of these comorbidities may lead to earlier diagnosis and potentially better overall health outcomes. Psoriatic nail involvement, severe skin ...
Source: Med J Aust - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Med J Aust Source Type: research
Abstract We investigated the efficacy of tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α antagonist infliximab on a measure of anhedonia amongst individuals with bipolar I/II depression ( identifier NCT02363738). Adults (ages 18-65) with bipolar I/II disorder currently experiencing a major depressive episode with a higher probability of inflammatory activity (i.e., meeting one or more of the following inflammatory/metabolic criteria: obesity and dyslipidemia/hypertension, daily cigarette smoking, diabetes mellitus, migraine, inflammatory bowel disease, and/or C-reactive protein level of ⩾5 mg/L) were enro...
Source: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Brain Behav Immun Source Type: research
Conclusion: Obesity was more common in children and young adults newly diagnosed with UC. The majority of the underweight children had CD.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Short Communication: Gastroenterology: Inflammatory Bowel Disease Source Type: research
ski T Abstract Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, are multifactorial, chronic, disabling, and progressive diseases characterised by cyclical nature, alternating between active and quiescent states. While the aetiology of IBD is not fully understood, this complex of diseases involve a combination of factors including the genetic predisposition and changes in microbiome as well as environmental risk factors such as highfat and low-fibre diets, reduced physical activity, air pollution and exposure to various toxins and drugs such as antibiotics. The prevalence of both I...
Source: Current Pharmaceutical Design - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Curr Pharm Des Source Type: research
Conclusion: The inflammatory burden possibly plays a less important role in the development of cardiovascular disease in inflammatory bowel disease patients but future larger prospective studies are needed.
Source: European Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Articles: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
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