Digital Monitoring of Sleep, Meals, and Physical Activity for Reducing Depression in Older Spousally-Bereaved Adults: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial.

CONCLUSION: A behavioral intervention that uses both digital monitoring and motivational health coaching is feasible and acceptable to older bereaved adults. PMID: 32265094 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Geriatr Psychiatry Source Type: research

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DiscussionThese findings suggest that interventions designed to prevent the development of depression should be implemented in early adolescence, ideally before or at the age of 13 and particularly among young females given that the prevalence of MDD begins to rise and diverge from young males. Interventions should also simultaneously address lifestyle risk factors and symptoms of major depression.
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Cognition is an important function of the brain that enables us to acquire and process information, to enhance our understanding of thoughts, experiences, and our senses. Any condition that affects our ability to think, reason, memorize, or be attentive affects our cognitive ability. Some cognitive decline is a normal part of aging, but there are many things you can do to prevent or forestall cognitive changes as you age, including when planning for surgery. Older adults are having more surgical procedures As our population ages and medicine and healthcare advances, more older adults are likely to develop serious condition...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Healthy Aging Managing your health care Memory Neurological conditions Prevention Surgery Source Type: blogs
ConclusionSleep disturbance partially mediates the relationship between loneliness and self-reported health over 8  years. These findings are not attributable to isolation or depression. Further research is necessary to develop and assess a more comprehensive model of how loneliness shapes health. This study indicates that targeting sleep disturbance may mitigate the health risks of loneliness in older American s.
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
This review identified prospective cohort studies in the general population, which showed incidence (23 papers) and risk factors (37 papers) for fibromyalgia and chronic widespread pain. Median incidence of physician diagnosed fibromyalgia in the general population was 4.3 per 1000 person-years (range = 0.33-18.8) but 14.0 (1.2-32.7) if medical illness was present. Median incidence of chronic widespread pain was 12.5 per 1000 person-years (7.2-81.6) but 67 per 1000 person years (14.8-124) for those with pre-existing pain. Risk factors included various childhood difficulties, female sex (except with pre-existing medical dis...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Comprehensive Review Source Type: research
This study examined potential benefits and harms associated with prescription opioid dose escalation. Participants from 2 institutions were enrolled in a 2-year prospective cohort study. All participants (n = 517) had a musculoskeletal pain diagnosis and were receiving a stable dose of long-term opioid therapy at baseline. Participants completed self-report measures of pain, disability, depression, and potential adverse effects at baseline and every 6 months for 2 years. We reviewed electronic health record data weekly to identify episodes of prescription opioid dose escalation; participants who had increases in their dose...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Given that primary care is the dominant healthcare setting in which opioids are prescribed for chronic noncancer pain, programs are needed to assist primary care providers to meet the rigorous requirements of guideline concordant care. The current study examined participation factors in such a program and found that certain veterans were less likely to participate than others. Identifying such veterans at the outset, in combination with intentional recruitment efforts and individualized interventions, may promote entry into PC-POP. PMID: 32421838 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Opioid Management - Category: Addiction Tags: J Opioid Manag Source Type: research
Abstract CONTEXT: People with chronic ankle instability (CAI) display a lower regional and global health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Examinations of HRQoL outcomes associated with CAI have addressed younger adults, restricting our understanding of the long-term consequences of CAI. OBJECTIVE: To compare ankle regional and global HRQoL in middle-aged participants with and those without CAI. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Laboratory. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: A total of 59 middle-aged volunteers, consisting of 18 with CAI (age = 50.2 ± 9.3 years), 17 who were ankle-spra...
Source: J Athl Train - Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research
Conclusions: Despite the lack of between-group differences, self-help CBTI can be considered as the preferred entry point of the stepped-care model for insomnia. It demonstrates comparable efficacy and adherence rate to the workshop-based interventions, and is highly accessible and convenient with few resources required. PMID: 32429708 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Behavioral Sleep Medicine - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: Behav Sleep Med Source Type: research
(CNN) — Weekly sessions of yoga may ease depressive symptoms in people with other mental health issues, according to a systematic review and meta-analysis of existing research. “This is a great result to now encourage people who might be thinking about trying yoga that there’s some scientific evidence that it can be effective for helping reduce depressive symptoms,” said exercise physiologist and study author Jacinta Brinsley, a doctoral candidate at the University of South Australia. Depression is often associated with other mental health conditions. For example, 20 to 40% of people diagnosed with ...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health News Syndicated CBSN Boston CNN Yoga Source Type: news
By Emma Young We all know that too little sleep is bad for us. Matthew Walker, a UC Berkeley sleep scientist and author of the best-selling Why We Sleep, has gone so far as to declare: “The shorter you sleep, the shorter your life.” However, some researchers fear that our concerns about not getting enough sleep are becoming overblown — and that, ironically, they could be making the problem worse. In this feature, we take a look at evidence that “too little” sleep isn’t always the disaster that it’s held up to be. It’s not always about a lack of sleep You’ll be fami...
Source: BPS RESEARCH DIGEST - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Feature Sleep and dreaming Source Type: blogs
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