Severe radiodermatitis and risk factors associated in head and neck cancer patients

Conclusion: Head and neck cancer patients who undergo radiotherapy with curative indication are at risk for severe radiodermatitis. Nursing consultation is important to minimize the severity of this event and the reduction of temporary treatment interruption due to this adverse reaction.RESUMEN Objetivo: evaluar la asociaci ón entre los factores sociodemográficos, clínicos y de tratamiento en los resultados de la radiodermatitis grave en pacientes con cáncer de cuello y cabeza atendidos en una consulta de enfermería, además de analizar el efecto de los casos de radiodermatitis grave sobre el seguimiento terapéut ico. Método: investigación cuantitativa y documental realizada con expedientes médicos de 167 pacientes con cáncer de cuello y cabeza sometidos a radioterapia con prescripción de cura, con seguimiento en consulta de enfermería en el año 2016. Se utilizó un formulario estructurado para recol ectar los datos y se empleó analítica estadística para su análisis. Resultados: del99,4% de los pacientes que tuvieron dermatitis, el 11,4% de los casos fueron graves. La radiodermatitis grave se asoció al tipo de dispositivo, técnica de tratamiento y presencia de comorbidades. De los pacient es que presentaron el grado 3, el 53% suspendió temporariamente el tratamiento. Conclusión: los pacientes con cáncer de cuello...
Source: Texto e Contexto - Enfermagem - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

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This study will investigate whether the addition of a reminder app to standard care can reduce dermatitis and oral mucositis rates during radiotherapy in these patients.MethodsThis randomized trial compares standard care supported by a reminder app (Arm A) to standard care alone (Arm B) with respect to grade  ≥ 2 radiation dermatitis and oral mucositis at 60 Gy of radiotherapy, the minimum planned dose for patients receiving definitive or adjuvant radiotherapy for locally advanced head- and-neck cancer. Moreover, radiation-induced dermatitis and oral mucositis grade ≥ 3 at 60 Gy and both g...
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
AbstractHead and neck cancers usually occur in the elderly age group and about half of the cases occur at the age  >  60 years with majority detected in an advanced stage with increased morbidity and decreasing compliance to therapy. Since there are limited data available for the adequate treatment of elderly head and neck cancer patients, we proposed a study to analyze tolerance and response based on age, site , modality of treatment received, and implication of nutrition vs weight loss during treatment. Fifty-five patients were enrolled in this study, which was conducted between November 2015 and Ap...
Source: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Objectives: Intro-arterial chemotherapy combined with radiotherapy (IACRT) for the treatment of head and neck cancer (HNC) underwent a revival in recent years. Although many clinical trials have reported favorable outcomes, the effect of IACRT for HNC is still controversial. Therefore, this study was designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of IACRT for HNC.Methods: The relevant articles published before August 2019 were searched from PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science and PMC databases. Data were extracted and the combined complete response (CR), overall survival (OS) and toxicity incidence with 95% cred...
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Background: Acute radiation dermatitis (ARD) is a common adverse effect in patients undergoing radiotherapy. Mometasone furoate cream (MMF) was reported to significantly reduce ARD, especially in breast cancer. Clinically, ARD is more critical and more difficult to prevent in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) than in those with breast cancer, because a higher dose of radiotherapy is required in HNSCC cases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of MMF local application on radiation dermatitis in patients with HNSCC. Methods: HNSCC patients scheduled for bilateral radical radiothera...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Trial/Experimental Study Source Type: research
Conditions:   Head and Neck Cancer;   Radiation Dermatitis Interventions:   Device: KeraStat Cream;   Other: Routine Skin Care - Commercially Available Agents Sponsors:   Wake Forest University Health Sciences;   KeraNetics, LLC;   National Cancer Institute (NCI) Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Authors: Sato K, Hayashi Y, Watanabe K, Yoshimi R, Hibi H Abstract Concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) is a common treatment for advanced oral cancer, and its efficacy has been reported in many reviews. We have performed concurrent CCRT with intravenous cisplatin and docetaxel in patients with advanced oral cancer. The purpose of this report was to evaluate this treatment and to compare the outcome of this treatment with that of standard CCRT treatments for advanced head and neck cancer using intravenous administration. The patients were treated for primary advanced oral squamous cell carcinoma in our department be...
Source: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Nagoya J Med Sci Source Type: research
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