LCBG seminar - 45 Years of Research on Xeroderma Pigmentosum and Related Diseases at NIH

45 Years of research on DNA Repair at NIHAir date: 4/9/2020 3:30:00 PM
Source: Videocast - All Events - Category: General Medicine Tags: Upcoming Events Source Type: video

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Conclusions: Nasal revision rates are low in unilateral incomplete cleft lip compared to complete forms in previously published data by the senior author (J.B.M.). In contrast, labial revisions of the free margin are more common. The reason is that the surgeon became more cognizant of vermilion-mucosal deficiency on the noncleft side and more likely to offer a submucosal flap or dermis-fat graft to level the lip for normal upper incisor show. CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic, IV.
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Pediatric/Craniofacial: Original Articles Source Type: research
Conclusion: This study showed a 47.7% prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders. Force exertion, repetitive tasks, manual handling of heavy loads, stress, and lack of training were the identified factors. Ergonomic awareness among workers should be increased through training. In addition, owners should investigate methods to reduce or eliminate risk factors leading to musculoskeletal disorders found among these workers. Automation of high-risk tasks should also be investigated. PMID: 32454844 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research
Purpose of review The aim of this article is to give an overview of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitors (PARPis) trials in prostate cancer and to discuss emerging approaches with potential future clinical implementation in both prostate and urothelial cancer. Recent findings PARPis are a class of drugs that can be applied for the treatment of homologous recombination repair (HRR)-deficient tumors. Tumors are potentially sensitive to PARPi harbor mutations in genes relevant for DNA damage repair, such as BRCA1/2 or ATM, which are present to a significant degree in metastatic prostate and urothelial cancer patients. ...
Source: Current Opinion in Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: NOVEL THERAPIES FOR ADVANCED UROLOGIC CANCERS: Edited by Shahrokh F. Shariat Source Type: research
ConclusionOrthopaedic healthcare services in Austria, Germany, and Switzerland are suffering a drastic cutback due to COVID-19. A drastic reduction in arthroscopic procedures like rotator cuff repair and cruciate ligament reconstruction and an almost total shutdown of elective total joint arthroplasty were reported. Long-term consequences cannot be predicted yet. The described disruption in orthopaedic healthcare services has to be viewed as historic.Level of evidenceV.
Source: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Contributor : Michael J TopperSeries Type : Expression profiling by high throughput sequencingOrganism : Homo sapiensTriple negative breast cancer and ovarian cancer cells were treated with Azacitidine, Talazoparib, or combination for a period of 10 days to assess global transcriptional response. The focus of these transcriptional studies were on the assessment of DNA repair and immune pathway alteration.
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Homo sapiens Source Type: research
CONCLUSION Bundling surgical repairs with MMS based on an average payment does not represent the heterogeneity of the care provided and results in either underpayment or overpayment for a substantial portion of cases. Consequently, EOC payments bundling MMS and surgical repairs would inaccurately reimburse physicians for work completed. Current payment methodology allows for accurate payment for this already cost-effective therapy.
Source: Dermatologic Surgery - Category: Dermatology Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
BACKGROUND Patients are often concerned about the cosmetic appearance of scars following Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS), including residual erythema. However, few studies have compared the cosmetic outcomes between different suturing techniques. OBJECTIVE To compare the erythema intensity (EI) associated with interrupted sutures (IS) and continuous sutures (CS), and the degree of its reduction over time. MATERIALS AND METHODS Mohs micrographic surgery patients were randomized to have half of their defect repaired with IS and the other half with CS. Postoperatively, subjects were assessed at 1 week, 2 months, and 6...
Source: Dermatologic Surgery - Category: Dermatology Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 26 May 2020Source: Journal of Materials Processing TechnologyAuthor(s): Hao Chen, Yuanyuan Lu, Deng Luo, Jing Lai, Dejian Liu
Source: Journal of Materials Processing Technology - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Conclusion: Appropriate and well-planned implantation of125 I radioactive seeds in beagle stomach walls is safe and reliable.
Source: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
DiscussionThis systematic review of animal studies will identify, evaluate, and synthetize the evidence on the the efficacy of tubing technique with biomaterials compared to direct coaptation technique after peripheral neurotmesis in nerve healing and return to functionality.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42018106042.
Source: Systematic Reviews - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
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