The Impact of Abuse on the Quality of Life of the Elderly: A Population-based Survey in Iran.

CONCLUSIONS: Nearly half of the elderly individuals lacked a high QoL, and at least one-fourth had experienced some form of abuse. Elder abuse was correlated inversely with QoL. Therefore, preventive interventions are recommended to decrease elder abuse in the family, community, and other settings. PMID: 32268463 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Med Public Health Source Type: research

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The allostatic load (AL) index constitutes a useful tool to objectively assess the biological aspects of chronic stress in clinical practice. AL index has been positively correlated with cumulative chronic stress (physical and psychosocial stressors) and with a high risk to develop pathological conditions (e.g., metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular pathology, inflammatory disorders) and the so-called stress-related psychiatric disorders, including anxiety and depressive disorders. Chronic stress has negative effects on brain neuroplasticity, especially on hippocampal neurogenesis and these effects may be reversed by antidepr...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 2 June 2020Source: Neuroscience LettersAuthor(s): Ke-Wei Chang, Hang-Fan Zong, Meng Wang, Mohammad Yasir Rizvi, Saema Iffat Neha, Wei-Na Yang, Sheng-Feng Ji, Yan-Bing Ma, Yi-Hua Qian
Source: Neuroscience Letters - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
The hidden links between mental disorders (Nature): In 2018, psychiatrist Oleguer Plana-Ripoll was wrestling with a puzzling fact about mental disorders. He knew that many individuals have multiple conditions — anxiety and depression, say, or schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. He wanted to know how common it was to have more than one diagnosis, so he got his hands on a database containing the medical details of around 5.9 million Danish citizens. He was taken aback by what he found. Every single mental disorder predisposed the patient to every other mental disorder — no matter how distinct the symptoms. &ldquo...
Source: SharpBrains - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Health & Wellness Technology anxiety biological bipolar-disorder depression Genetics JAMA Psychiatry mental illness mental-disorders National-Institute-of-Mental-Health neuroanatomy psychopathology Resear Source Type: blogs
For most Americans, 2020 has already been a rough year — and it’s not even half over. A pandemic, natural disasters, economic decline, and, for many, the loss of a job have taken a toll on their mental health. “Stress is particularly acute when you’re experiencing a situation that is outside of your control,” says Dr. Kerry Ressler, professor of psychiatry at Harvard Medical School. “You may feel stuck, frozen, or helpless.” After a traumatic period, even when things settle down, it can be difficult to move on and regain a sense of normalcy. Reducing stress and regaining your footi...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Anxiety and Depression Coronavirus and COVID-19 Mental Health Stress Source Type: blogs
The objectives of this article are to describe the reorganization of the three levels of psychiatric care for inmates in France in the context of Covid-19 pandemic and to have a look at the impact of lockdown measures and early releases on mental health of prisoners. METHODS: This work is based on a survey conducted in April 2020 in France among psychiatric healthcare providers working in 42 ambulatory units for inmates and in the 9 full-time inpatient psychiatric wards exclusively for inmates called "UHSAs" (which stands for "unités hospitalières spécialement aménagées...
Source: L Encephale - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: For the majority of the physicians surveyed, psychiatry represented a public health priority, and their prioritising provides a probable explanation for their positive perception of their role in the management of mental disorders. However, we went on to observe that a number of difficulties constituted obstacles to their role in management of mental disorders and induced them to refer their patients to psychiatrists. Our analysis highlighted the impact of continuing education on physicians' attitudes and the interest of collaboration between practitioners. Efforts in university teaching and continuous educatio...
Source: Revue d Epidemiologie et de Sante Publique - Category: Epidemiology Tags: Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique Source Type: research
(Trinity College Dublin) Scientists at the Global Brain Health Institute (GBHI) at Trinity College Dublin have developed a new smartphone app to carry out a range of major research projects designed to tackle the brain basis of disorders of the mind, such as depression, anxiety and dementia.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
This study was conducted to define the relationship of experiencing premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and dysmenorrhea with the personality structure of women.Design and MethodsThe sample of this descriptive relation ‐seeker‐type study comprised 353 women. Data were collected using the PMS Scale, Quick Big Five Personality Test, and The Questionnaire Form between 1 April and 31 August 2019 in a city in the Mediterranean region in Turkey.FindingsThere was a weak negative ‐biased correlation between PMS and extraversion, a very weak negative‐biased correlation between PMS and conscientiousness, a moderate negative‐biased...
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Adini The COVID-19 pandemic is an ongoing epidemic of coronavirus disease, caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome, which has spread recently worldwide. Efforts to prevent the virus from spreading include travel restrictions, lockdowns as well as national or regional quarantines throughout the international community. The major negative psychological outcome of the COVID-19 pandemic is the anxiety caused by it. The aim of the present study was to examine the level of concern and the contributions of modes of resilience, well-being and demographic attributes towards decreasing or enhancing anxiety and depression ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Empathy, broadly defined as the ability to understand the other and to share others’ emotions, motivates prosocial behavior and underlies successful interpersonal relations. Dysfunctions in this ability may cause fundamental difficulties in social communication. Empathy has been measured in various ways, from self-report questionnaires to laboratory objective performance tests. Empathic accuracy (EA), i.e., the ability to accurately empathize, is measured using more complex and ecological paradigms, such as asking participants to infer filmed interactions, or having people narrate personal emotional stories then asse...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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