The impact of access to addiction specialist on attitudes, beliefs and hospital-based opioid use disorder related care: A survey of hospitalist physicians

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Source: Substance Abuse - Category: Addiction Authors: Source Type: research

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AbstractThe U.S. is in the midst of an opioid epidemic. At the same time, tobacco use remains the leading cause of preventable death and disability. While the shared biological underpinnings of nicotine and opioid addiction are well established, clinical implications for co-treatment of these two substance use disorders has not been emphasized in the literature, nor have researchers, clinicians, and policy makers adequately outlined pathways for incorporating co-treatment into existing clinical workflows. The current brief review characterizes the metabolic and neural mechanisms which mediate co-use of nicotine and opioids...
Source: The Journal of Behavioral Health Services and Research - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Individuals with addictive disorders commonly exhibit a shortened temporal window (shortened period of time an individual can imagine into their own future), which interferes with treatment focusing on long-term sobriety or reductions in use. Episodic future thinking (EFT) involves generating personalized cues related to anticipated, positive future events. EFT has been shown to reduce impulsive decision-making and the reinforcing value of addictive substances; however, this has only been shown in nontreatment samples.
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - Category: Addiction Authors: Source Type: research
Purpose of review To provide an accessible overview of some of the most recent trends in the application of machine learning to the field of substance use disorders and their implications for future research and practice. Recent findings Machine-learning (ML) techniques have recently been applied to substance use disorder (SUD) data for multiple predictive applications including detecting current abuse, assessing future risk and predicting treatment success. These models cover a wide range of machine-learning techniques and data types including physiological measures, longitudinal surveys, treatment outcomes, national...
Source: Current Opinion in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: ADDICTIVE DISORDERS: Edited by John B. Saunders and Linda B. Cottler Source Type: research
I had an idyllic childhood. I was a cheery kid with great parents, raised in a wonderful neighborhood, always cared for and never wanted for anything. When people hear this background from someone whose addiction was so strong that they planned their methamphetamine use around their pregnancy, it can be hard to reconcile. There is no blueprint for addiction; this disease has no face. Not one person in my life would have guessed I’d be homeless with multiple DUIs, totaled a number of vehicles, and would have my son taken away by authorities twice before his second birthday, but it happened. And despite how absurd it m...
Source: Psych Central - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Addictions Parenting Substance Abuse Addiction Recovery custody Methamphetamines Motherhood Source Type: news
In today’s Psych Central Podcast, Gabe talks with Jamie Tworkowski, the founder of To Write Love on Her Arms, a non-profit movement dedicated to helping people who are struggling with addiction, depression, self-injury and suicide. Jamie shares how the idea for the non-profit was born in 2006 after he spent 5 days with his new friend Renee who’d recently been turned down for rehab. After writing about the experience and posting it on Myspace, people began to respond with their own stories, and the seeds for the non-profit were planted. Tune in to find out how To Write Love on Her Arms helps people struggling w...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Addiction Depression General Interview Podcast Policy and Advocacy Recovery Substance Abuse The Psych Central Show Source Type: blogs
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Source: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse - Category: Addiction Authors: Source Type: research
The global novel coronavirus pandemic afflicting everyone is showing mixed signs of activity. In some countries it appears to be easing, while in others it appears to be experiencing a resurgence. It’s not at all clear when the pandemic will end, but it’s unlikely to do so before 2021. What has become increasingly clear is that the toll of the pandemic will impact more than the people who come down with COVID-19. The mental health impact of living with a pandemic is being mostly ignored — for now. But as the deaths continue to rise, we need to pay close attention to the cost of the pandemic’s reperc...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: General Grief and Loss Health-related Mental Health and Wellness Policy and Advocacy coronavirus COVID-19 Source Type: blogs
This article addresses the need for a protocol by including occurrences of accidents and injuries, consequences to anesthesia practice and patient care, costs, and the culture in an anesthesia group or department. Components of the protocol are formation of a committee, risk assessment, clear workplace policy, annual continuing education, annual supervisor training, drug screening of anesthesia personnel, pharmacy accountability, and access to treatment. The article describes the protocol and provides supplemental information to aid in implementation at other anesthesia departments. Substance abuse among CRNAs is a complex...
Source: AANA Journal - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: AANA J Source Type: research
Abstract Adolescent substance abuse is America's #1 public health problem as per the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse. People are most likely to begin abusing drugs during adolescence, and the longer adolescents defer experimentation, the less likely they are to develop long-term drug abuse problems. The CRAFFT and DAST questionnaires are brief, reliable tools for adolescent substance abuse screening. Health care professionals can help continue low adolescent substance utilization rate by having open conversations with adolescents regarding all substances and medications, including illicit substanc...
Source: Primary Care - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Prim Care Source Type: research
Some of the professionals that work most with helping people with schizophrenia are nurses. There are so many types with different skill sets. Host Rachel Star Withers and Co-host Gabe Howards learn who these often overlooked healthcare workers are. Dr. Tari Dilks, Professor and President of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association, joins with insight on what goes into being a psychiatric nurse.  Highlights in “The Role Nurses Play in Schizophrenia Treatment” Episode [01:14] Doctor sidekicks? [04:00] The types of nurses [06:40] Nurse Practitioners [11:00] Nurses specialties [13:00] Psychiatric Nursin...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Inside Schizophrenia Mental Health and Wellness Psychiatry Psychology Mental Disorder Mental Illness Nurses Nursing Psychiatric Nurse Psychotherapy Treatment For Schizophrenia Source Type: blogs
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