PET/MRI Radiomics in Rectal Cancer: a Pilot Study on the Correlation Between PET- and MRI-Derived Image Features with a Clinical Interpretation

ConclusionsIn conclusion, several clinically relevant correlations were observed between PET and MRI imaging features. These findings show how the use of both modalities provides complementary information.
Source: Molecular Imaging and Biology - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research

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no OA Abstract Accurate imaging is crucial for lesion detection in abdominal organs, for the noninvasive characterization of focal and diffuse abnormalities, and for surgical planning. To accomplish these tasks, several imaging modalities such as multidetector computer tomography (MDCT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) are used for abdominal imaging, providing important morphological, functional or metabolic information. More recently, PET/MRI has been gaining attention due to the possibility of combining high-resolution imaging with metabolic imaging....
Source: Der Radiologe - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research
no OA Abstract Accurate imaging is crucial for lesion detection in abdominal organs, for the noninvasive characterization of focal and diffuse abnormalities, and for surgical planning. To accomplish these tasks, several imaging modalities such as multidetector computer tomography (MDCT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) are used for abdominal imaging, providing important morphological, functional or metabolic information. More recently, PET/MRI has been gaining attention due to the possibility of co...
Source: Der Radiologe - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research
This study will help us know whether radiomics model based on T2WI images to preoperative identify MSI status of RC.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Study Protocol Clinical Trial Source Type: research
Abstract During the last two decades a neoadjuvant treatment concept has been established for an increasing number of malignant tumors of the gastrointestinal tract; however, these concepts are still subject to a constant change concerning the indications and type of treatment. A prime example for this is rectal cancer. The rate of local recurrence in particular was significantly reduced by neoadjuvant therapy but until now it has not been possible to validly show an improvement in overall or disease-free survival. At the beginning of the millennium it was recommended to treat every rectal carcinoma...
Source: Der Chirurg - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Chirurg Source Type: research
This study included 65 patients with initially-diagnosed rectal cancer. All patients underwent C-DWI and SMS-DWI with acceleration factors of 2 and 3 (SMS2-DWI and SMS3-DWI, respectively) using a 3T scanner. Acquisition times of the three DWI sequences were measured. Image quality in the three DWI sequences was reviewed by two independent radiologists using a 4-point Likert scale and subsequently compared using the Friedman test. Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values for rectal cancer and the normal rectal wall were compared among the three sequences using repeated measures analysis of variance. RESULTS: Acquisi...
Source: Korean J Radiol - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Korean J Radiol Source Type: research
ConclusionUSPIO-enhanced MRI of the pelvis at 7-T is technically feasible and offers opportunities for detecting USPIO uptake in normal-sized LNs, due to its high intrinsic signal-to-noise ratio and spatial resolution.Key Points• USPIO-enhanced MRI at 7-T can indicate USPIO uptake in lymph nodes based on computed TE images.• Our method promises a high spatial resolution for pelvic lymph node imaging.
Source: European Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeTo assess preoperative short-course radiotherapy (SCR) tumor response in locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC) by means of Standardized Index of Shape (SIS) by dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI), apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) and diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) parameters derived from diffusion-weighted MRI (DW-MRI).Materials and methodsThirty-four patients with LARC who underwent MRI scans before and after SCR followed by delayed surgery, retrospectively, were enrolled. SIS, ADC, IVIM parameters [tissue diffusion (Dt), pseudo-diffusion...
Source: Abdominal Imaging - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
We examined the association between pathological lateral pelvic lymph node (LPLN) metastasis and the LPLN diameter in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC) who received a neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) regimen based on oxaliplatin as induction chemotherapy. We aimed to determine whether or not the LPLN size predicts LPLN metastasis in NAC cases.MethodsWe retrospectively examined data from 3 institutes for 60 patients with LARC who received mesorectal excision and LPLN dissection after NAC. We evaluated the LPLN size on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans acquired before and after NAC. We performed multivar...
Source: Surgery Today - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Conclusions Ex vivo MRI visualizes more LNs than (MR-guided) pathology is able to harvest. Current pathological examination was not further improved by MR guidance. The majority of LNs or LN-like structures visible on ex vivo MRI below 2 mm in size remain unexplained, which warrants a 3-dimensional approach for pathological reconstruction of specimens.
Source: Investigative Radiology - Category: Radiology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: New methods of assessing the response to neo-adjuvant therapy in locally-advanced rectal cancer have emerged, showing promising results. Further studies need to assess the best combination between imaging and these biomarkers in order to increase the accuracy and standardize the criteria for non-operative management. KEY WORDS: Biomarkers, Complete pathologic response, Non-Operative management, Rectal cancer, Staging. PMID: 31355776 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia - Category: Surgery Tags: Ann Ital Chir Source Type: research
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