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Converting stem cells into lung cells

Researchers from the Columbia University Medical Center claim they are one step closer to generating lung tissue for transplant using a patient's own cells. The study, published in Nature Biotechnology, states that scientists have successfully transformed human stem cells into functioning lung and airway cells. They claim this has great potential for modelling lung disease, screening drugs and, ultimately, generating lung tissue for transplantation. Study leader Dr.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Stem Cell Research Source Type: news

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This study found that professional chess players had shorter lifespans than those players who had careers outside of chess and argued that this might be due to the mental strain of international chess competition. In the present study, we focused on survival of International Chess Grandmasters (GMs) which represent players, of whom most are professional, at the highest level. In 2010, the overall life expectancy of GMs at the age of 30 years was 53.6 years, which is significantly greater than the overall weighted mean life expectancy of 45.9 years for the general population. In all three regions examined, mean life...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Eggert, F.-Michael / Levin, LiranPage 497 - 509In chronic periodontitis and peri-implantitis, cells of the innate and adaptive immune systems are involved directly in the lesions within the tissues of the patient. Absence of a periodontal ligament around implants does not prevent a biologic process similar to that of periodontitis from affecting osseointegration. Our first focus is on factors in the biology of individuals that are responsible for the susceptibility of such individuals to chronic periodontitis and to peri-implantitis. Genetic factors are of significant importance in susceptibility to these diseases. Genetic...
Source: Quintessence International - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 May 2018 Source:Cancer Genetics Author(s): Hui Chen, Rajyalakshmi Luthra, Keyur P Patel, Mark Routbort, Asif Rashid, Sinchita Roy-Chowdhuri, Alexander Lazar, Russell Broaddus, Jawad Manekia, Rajesh R Singh, Anna Yemelyanova Analysis of somatic mutations in solid tumors and hematologic malignancies using targeted next generation sequencing (NGS)-based assays has become part of routine oncology practice as well as clinical trials. The use of paired tumor-normal DNA samples increases confidence of somatic calls. NGS assays that utilize unique patient identifiers (SNP IDs) allow further c...
Source: Cancer Genetics - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conditions:   Severe Aplastic Anemia (SAA);   Hypo-Plastic Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS) Intervention:   Procedure: haplo-identical transplantation Sponsor:   National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Epidemiological data on late-onset noninfectious pulmonary complications (LONIPCs) following allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) are derived exclusively from retrospective studies and are conflicting. We aimed to evaluate prospectively the incidence, risk factors and outcomes for LONIPCs. All consecutive patients scheduled to receive allogeneic HSCT between 2006 and 2008 at a university teaching hospital in France were screened for inclusion in the study. Eligible patients were those surviving at day 100. Among 243 screened patients, 198 patients were included in the analysis. The median (interquarti...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Interstitial and orphan lung disease Original Articles: Rare lung diseases Source Type: research
Abstract Endogenous glutamate (Glu) release and N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor (NMDAR) activation are associated with lung injury in different animal models. However, the underlying mechanism is unclear. Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs), which show potential use for immunomodulation and tissue-protection, play a protective role in pulmonary fibrosis (PF) process. Here, we found the increased Glu release from the BM cells of bleomycin (BLM)-induced PF mice in vivo. BLM stimulation also increased the extracellular Glu in BM-MSCs via the antiporter system xc- in vitro. The gene expression of...
Source: Am J Physiol Lung Ce... - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol Source Type: research
Safety of nintedanib for treatment of fibrotic lung disease after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, Published online: 26 April 2018; doi:10.1038/s41409-018-0182-9Safety of nintedanib for treatment of fibrotic lung disease after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
Source: Bone Marrow Transplantation - Category: Hematology Authors: Source Type: research
In conclusion, a debate exists on whether aging is a disease in itself. Some authors suggest that physiological aging (or senescence) is not really distinguishable from pathology, while others argue that aging is different from age-related diseases and other pathologies. It is interesting to stress that the answer to this question has important theoretical and practical consequences, taking into account that various strategies capable of setting back the aging clock are emerging. The most relevant consequence is that, if we agree that aging is equal to disease, all human beings have to be considered as patients to be treat...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
The week of April 23-27 has been designated as National Pediatric Transplant Week.  This week is to bring attention to the great need for organ donations and to honor  donors and their families whose incredibly selfless gift has given someone the gift of life.While most of us will never experience the need for a transplant, there are many of us who know someone who has a debilitating condition such as kidney dialysis that are in need of a transplant.Right now there are almost 2,000 children on the national transplant list.  Those needing hearts, lungs, eyes, tissue, liver, kidney, or some other body part are...
Source: Pediatric Health Associates - Category: Pediatrics Tags: Volunteer Opportunities Source Type: news
Conditions:   Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis;   Emphysema or COPD Interventions:   Biological: CD3/CD19 negative hematopoietic stem cells;   Drug: Rituximab;   Drug: Alemtuzumab;   Drug: Fludarabine;   Drug: Thiotepa;   Drug: G-CSF;   Drug: Hydroxyurea Sponsor:   Paul Szabolcs Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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