Bilateral Pulmonary Embolism With Right Heart Strain in a Patient With Immune Thrombocytopenia—A Case Report and Review of the Literature

Conclusions The patient underwent thromboembolectomy by interventional radiology with subsequent administration of intravenous immunoglobulin, high-dose steroids, and enoxaparin therapy. There is no standard of care for patients with life-threatening pulmonary embolism in this population. Several authors suggest medical therapy options, but do not include patients with potential hemodynamic instability.
Source: Pediatric Emergency Care - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Illustrative Cases Source Type: research

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Abstract In this concise review, we discuss some common clinical challenges in the management of patients with cancer-associated venous thromboembolism (VTE), a frequent complication in patients with cancer that increases morbidity and mortality. While direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) have been established in clinical practice for anticoagulation in patients with VTE without cancer, their efficacy and safety in patients with cancer have not been assessed in randomized controlled trials until recently. The choice of the appropriate anticoagulant agent in the era of DOACs to treat patients with cancer-associated V...
Source: Hamostaseologie - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Hamostaseologie Source Type: research
This article reviews results from preclinical and healthy volunteer studies that illustrate the noteworthy properties of apixaban such as a proportional dose-response relationship, low daily fluctuation in plasma concentrations, and safety over a 10-fold dosing range. Additionally, the large phase III trials evaluating the safety and efficacy of apixaban compared to low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) overlapped with and followed by vitamin K antagonist (VKA) warfarin for the treatment and secondary prevention of VTE will be discussed. The key studies that have led to apixaban's current licensing and use will be highlighte...
Source: Expert Review of Hematology - Category: Hematology Tags: Expert Rev Hematol Source Type: research
Long before the classification of vascular anomalies from the International Society for the Study of Vascular Anomalies (ISSVA) provided a framework to differentiate vascular anomalies, otherwise known as vascular birthmarks, it was recognized that patients with such lesions can present with acute life-threatening hemostatic and/or thrombotic complications, as well as chronic long-standing bleeding or thrombotic issues. Scenarios such as a rapidly growing vascular lesion with severe acute thrombocytopenia, a visceral hemorrhagic lesion, a lesion associated with repetitive and painful superficial thrombosis, and cases of un...
Source: Thrombosis Research - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Full Length Article Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our findings describe the most reported risk factors for preventability of oral anticoagulant-induced bleedings. These factors may be useful for targeting interventions to improve pharmacovigilance activities in our regional territory and to reduce the burden of medication errors and inappropriate prescription. Introduction Oral anticoagulant therapy is widely used for the prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with atrial fibrillation, or for the prevention and treatment of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism (Raj et al., 1994; Monaco et al., 2017). Oral anticoagulants can be di...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusion: The results suggest that an immunosuppressive state develops at the terminal stage of severe leptospirosis with pulmonary hemorrhage and shock similar to that of patients with septic shock, with diffuse endothelial activation in the spleen, splenitis, and signs of disturbance in the innate and adaptive immunity in the spleen. The presence of leptospiral antigens in 73% of the spleens of the leptospirosis patients suggests the etiological agent contributes directly to the pathogenesis of the lesions. Our results support therapeutic approaches involving antibiotic and immunomodulatory treatments for leptospirosis...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Roser Calvo* Patient Safety, Safety Science, AstraZeneca Pharmaceuticals, Gaithersburg, MD, United States Immune-related hematological adverse events are amongst the rare but potentially life-threatening complications of immune checkpoint inhibitors. The spectrum of these toxicities is broadening as the number of patients exposed to these agents is increasing. Yet, they are still relatively unknown to many clinicians, possibly due to a lack of specific diagnostic criteria, which poses a challenge for their recognition and proper reporting, and partly due to their low incidence, often too low to be noted in most c...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe anticoagulation strategies for various cardiac-specific pathologies including atrial fibrillation are changing. Applying these strategies in patients with concomitant active cancer requires additional considerations. Here, we review the most recent changes in the anticoagulation management of common cardiac diseases and their application in cancer patients.Recent FindingsThere are a range of indications for therapeutic anticoagulation in cancer patients including venous thromboembolism (VTE), atrial fibrillation/flutter (AF/AFL), prosthetic heart valves, and intracardiac thrombi. Certain cancer...
Source: Current Oncology Reports - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
l;ger K Abstract A 46-year-old woman on oral contraceptives developed an intrahepatic hematoma due to a benign hepatic tumor. As an incidental finding, a computed tomography showed a pulmonary embolism. Unfractionated heparin was given in a prophylactic dosing in an attempt to balance the risk of further intrahepatic bleeding with that of thrombosis. Ten days later, the patient developed a second pulmonary embolism along with acute right heart failure requiring cardiopulmonary resuscitation. As a sufficient circulation and oxygenation could not be reestablished, a veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation ...
Source: Anasthesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie : AINS - Category: Intensive Care Authors: Tags: Anasthesiol Intensivmed Notfallmed Schmerzther Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundVenous thromboembolism (VTE) occurs frequently in critically ill patients without heparin prophylaxis. Although heparin prevents VTE, VTEs occur frequently despite prophylaxis. Higher heparin dosage may be more effective for preventing VTE.MethodsA retrospective study was conducted utilizing the Premier Incorporated Perspective Database to comparatively evaluate the effects of different heparin prophylaxis dosing strategies in the critically ill patient. Critically ill adult patients who were mechanically ventilated for at least 1 day and had an Intensive Care Unit (ICU) length of stay of at least 2 days ...
Source: Pharmacotherapy: The Journal of Human Pharmacology and Drug Therapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: SI on Prevention Strategies in the Critically Ill Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: These results provide strong evidence that PTE is a curative resolution in patients with APS-associated CTEPH. Following a full specialized and multidisciplinary risk-benefit evaluation to limit the risk of thrombosis or bleeding and to manage possible thrombocytopenia, PTE is at least a temporal curative resolution for CTEPH complicated with APS. PMID: 30451640 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Lupus - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: Lupus Source Type: research
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