Japan ECMOnet for COVID-19: telephone consultations for cases with severe respiratory failure caused by COVID-19

AbstractRecently, the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) started spreading in Japan. Therefore, the number of patients with severe COVID-19 requiring extracorporeal membranous oxygenation (ECMO) is expected to increase. A working group has been formed to provide telephone consultation services for cases with severe respiratory failure caused by COVID-19 in Japan. During the first 13  days of the service, there were 12 consultations. For each consultation, we advised the patient on the initiation of ECMO and arranged transportation for patients with ECMO. Based on experience from the H1N1 influenza pandemic, transporting patients to experienced facilities is essential to obtai n better outcomes.
Source: Journal of Intensive Care - Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research

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COVID-19 is caused by the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) coronavirus (Cov)-2, an enveloped virus with a positive-polarity, single-stranded RNA genome. The initial outbreak of the pandemic began in December 2019, and it is affecting the human health of the global community. In common with previous pandemics (Influenza H1N1 and SARS-CoV) and the epidemics of Middle east respiratory syndrome (MERS)-CoV, CoVs target bronchial and alveolar epithelial cells. Virus protein ligands (e.g., haemagglutinin or trimeric spike glycoprotein for Influenza and CoV, respectively) interact with cellular receptors, such as (dependin...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Viral infection-induced thrombosis is a rare entity. It is known to occur with infection by several strains of viruses that are associated with disease severity. The Epstein-Barr, human immunodeficiency, and H1N1 influenza A viruses are examples that can result in thrombosis.1-3 Consequently, with the current novel coronavirus (CoV) pandemic, knowledge of viral infection-induced thrombosis becomes even more important. The phenomenon of vascular thrombosis as described by Virchow involves changes in the vessel, blood flow, or fluid constituents.
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
By Katherine Seaton, Editorial OfficerMay 04, 2020Data systems are crucial for health care all the time, but during a natural disaster, war, or pandemic like COVID-19, functioning data systems can mean the difference between life and death.Data help us know what the health needs are, what capabilities each nearby hospital and clinic has, and where health workers should be deployed. Essential for responding to a pandemic, these data help monitor the spread and intensity of disease and help everyone, not just health workers, understand its severity and impact on society.If the systems are operating smoothly, we don’t...
Source: IntraHealth International - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Digital Health Health Workforce & Systems Source Type: news
The pediatric population has classically been viewed to be highly vulnerable to infectious diseases. Consequently, this cohort deserves diligent observation during an infectious outbreak. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention considers children, especially those younger than 5  years of age, as a high-risk category for influenza-related disease.1 During the last influenza A pandemic (H1N1 2009), 13% of the infected individuals were younger than 5 years.2
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Letters to the editor Source Type: research
Coronavirus (COVID-19) is a new respiratory infectious disease that has spread quickly throughout the world. Healthcare workers treating patients with COVID-19 are at risk of infection themselves through droplets from coughs, sneezes or other body fluids from infected patients and contaminated surfaces.This review is one of a series of rapid reviews that Cochrane contributors have prepared to inform the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic. The aim of this Cochrane review of qualitative research ( “qualitative evidence synthesis”) is to explore factors that influence whether healthcare workers follow infection prevention and...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - Category: Information Technology Authors: Source Type: news
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Source: Cato-at-liberty - Category: American Health Authors: Source Type: blogs
AbstractIn December 2019, the world started to face a new pandemic situation, the severe acute respiratory syndrome ‐coronavirus 2 (SARS‐CoV‐2). Although coronavirus disease (COVID‐19) clinical manifestations are mainly respiratory, major cardiac complications are being reported. Cardiac manifestations etiology seems to be multifactorial, comprising direct viral myocardial damage, hypoxia, hypotension, en hanced inflammatory status, ACE2‐receptors downregulation, drug toxicity, endogenous catecholamine adrenergic status, among others. Studies evaluating patients with COVID‐19 presenting cardiac injury markers s...
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: REVIEW Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: REVIEW Source Type: research
This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article. The post Coronavirus: Country Comparisons are Pointless Unless We Account for These Biases in Testing appeared first on Inter Press Service.
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Global Headlines Health TerraViva United Nations Coronavirus Source Type: news
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Source: International Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
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