Survey on Pre-ECT Evaluation and ECT Application

Conditions:   Depression;   Catatonia;   Schizophrenia;   Schizoaffective Disorder;   Suicidal Intention;   Malignant Neuroleptic Intervention:   Sponsor:   Klinički Bolnički Centar Zagreb Recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials

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The hidden links between mental disorders (Nature): In 2018, psychiatrist Oleguer Plana-Ripoll was wrestling with a puzzling fact about mental disorders. He knew that many individuals have multiple conditions — anxiety and depression, say, or schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. He wanted to know how common it was to have more than one diagnosis, so he got his hands on a database containing the medical details of around 5.9 million Danish citizens. He was taken aback by what he found. Every single mental disorder predisposed the patient to every other mental disorder — no matter how distinct the symptoms. &ldquo...
Source: SharpBrains - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Health & Wellness Technology anxiety biological bipolar-disorder depression Genetics JAMA Psychiatry mental illness mental-disorders National-Institute-of-Mental-Health neuroanatomy psychopathology Resear Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSION: For the majority of the physicians surveyed, psychiatry represented a public health priority, and their prioritising provides a probable explanation for their positive perception of their role in the management of mental disorders. However, we went on to observe that a number of difficulties constituted obstacles to their role in management of mental disorders and induced them to refer their patients to psychiatrists. Our analysis highlighted the impact of continuing education on physicians' attitudes and the interest of collaboration between practitioners. Efforts in university teaching and continuous educatio...
Source: Revue d Epidemiologie et de Sante Publique - Category: Epidemiology Tags: Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique Source Type: research
Empathy, broadly defined as the ability to understand the other and to share others’ emotions, motivates prosocial behavior and underlies successful interpersonal relations. Dysfunctions in this ability may cause fundamental difficulties in social communication. Empathy has been measured in various ways, from self-report questionnaires to laboratory objective performance tests. Empathic accuracy (EA), i.e., the ability to accurately empathize, is measured using more complex and ecological paradigms, such as asking participants to infer filmed interactions, or having people narrate personal emotional stories then asse...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Abstract Lumateperone (ITI-007) is a tosylate salt with binding affinities to receptors implicated in the therapeutic actions of antipsychotic medications, including the serotonin 5HT2A receptors, dopamine D2 and D1 receptors and the serotonin transporter. It has a unique mechanism of action because it simultaneously modulates serotonin, dopamine, and glutamate neurotransmission, implicated in serious mental illness. It can be considered a multi-target-directed ligand and a multifunctional modulator of serotoninergic system with possible precognitive, antipsychotic, antidepressant and anxiolytic properties. Lumate...
Source: CNS and Neurological Disorders Drug Targets - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: CNS Neurol Disord Drug Targets Source Type: research
AbstractTheBrain cytoplasmic 200 RNA (BC200 RNA) is neuron-specific lncRNA with putative roles in normal aging and in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer ’s disease. Its role in the neuron plasticity has also been documented. In the current study, we genotyped a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) within this lncRNA (rs4404327) in a population of Iranian patients with diverse neuropsychiatric conditions including substance addiction (n = 315), attention deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD) (n = 53), bipolar 1 (BP1) (n = 131), bipolar 2 (BP2) (n = 68), major depressive...
Source: Metabolic Brain Disease - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Psychiatric disorders, such as schizophrenia, depression, anxiety, and bipolar disorder, are common conditions that arise as a result of complex and heterogeneous combinations of genetic and environmental factors. In contrast to childhood neurodevelopmental conditions such as autism and intellectual disability, there are no clinical practice guidelines for applying genetic testing in the context of these conditions. But genetic counseling and genetic testing are not synonymous, and people who live with psychiatric disorders and their family members are often interested in what psychiatric genetic counseling can offer. Furt...
Source: Cold Spring Harbor perspectives in medicine - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Genetic Counseling: Clinical Practice and Ethical Considerations PERSPECTIVES Source Type: research
os LR Abstract BACKGROUND: Elderly men have been characterized as a group vulnerable to suicide, motivated by loneliness, loss of loved ones and feelings of uselessness to family members. OBJECTIVES: To ascertain the prevalence of different mental disorders among elderly men who attempted suicide. DESIGN AND SETTING: Systematic review of observational studies developed as a result of a partnership between two postgraduate schools (Lagarto and Uberlândia). METHODS: An electronic search was performed in eight electronic databases, including "grey literature", in January 2019. Observati...
Source: Sao Paulo Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Sao Paulo Med J Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn addition to confirming the role of MDD, we demonstrate that ADHD and schizophrenia likely play a role in the aetiology of self-harm using multivariate genetic designs for causal inference. Among the many individual risk factors we simultaneously considered, our findings suggest that systematic detection and treatment of core psychiatric symptoms, including psychotic and impulsivity symptoms, may be beneficial among people at risk for self-harm.
Source: PLoS Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The existence of interactions between mGlu4 and 5-HT1A receptors may represent another signaling pathway involved in the development and treatment psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia or depression. PMID: 32472388 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Pharmacological Reports - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Pharmacol Rep Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: This umbrella review synthesized the current evidence on the epidemiological burden of mental disorders in homelessness. This evidence necessitates advanced research to explore psychosocial and epidemiological correlates and adopt multipronged interventions to prevent, identify and treat mental disorders among homeless populations. PMID: 32460590 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Int J Soc Psychiatry Source Type: research
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