Blue Rubber Bleb Nevus Syndrome With Multiple Cavernoma-Like Lesions on MRI: A Familial Case Report and Literature Review

Blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome (BRBNS), also called Bean's syndrome, is a rare disease associated with multiple venous malformations in the skin and gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Dermatological lesions, which are the first clinically visible manifestations, appear as skin-colored compressible protuberances or as dark-blue venous nodules, rubbery in consistency. Central nervous system (CNS) manifestations are rare, variable, non-specific, and tend to occur late in the disease, mainly reported as seizures and focal neurological deficits secondary to compression. Most cases occur sporadically, however, an autosomal dominant inheritance pattern has been reported. A 74-year-old male with history of focal epilepsy secondary to possible neurocysticercosis presented at the emergency department due to sudden onset of aphasia, left central facial paralysis, and dysphagia secondary to catastrophic intracerebral hemorrhage. Cerebral MRI showed multiple cerebral cavernous malformations (CCM)-like lesions and, on the general exploration, multiple dark-blue nodules, rubbery in consistency. One week later he died due to complicated pneumonia; a brain autopsy was performed showing multiple vascular malformations. His son had a history of focal epilepsy presumed to be related to neurocysticercosis. He had the same skin lesions and brain MRI pattern. Histological analysis of the skin lesions of the two cases showed venous vascular malformations. A non-systematic review was carried out, in which...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research

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Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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