Mini-screw implant-supported pontics for the transitional management of missing permanent maxillary lateral incisors in children and adolescents: a review of currently available evidence

ConclusionsThe limited evidence shows that MSI-supported pontics are useful transitional restorations for missing permanent maxillary lateral incisors in children and adolescents; however, further well-designed clinical trials are needed in this regard.
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

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We aimed to evaluate velopharyngeal function and speech outcomes of Sommerlad palatoplasty combined with sphincter pharyngoplasty in surgical repair of cleft palate in patients over five years old. Fifty-eight patients were reviewed between the years 2013 and 2017, 31 of whom were treated with Sommerlad palatoplasty combined with sphincter pharyngoplasty, (mean age 15 (range 9 - 22) years), and 27 were treated with Sommerlad palatoplasty alone (mean age 18 (range 10-25) years). Velopharyngeal function was evaluated by radiographic lateral cephalometry and nasoendoscopy.
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Source Type: research
Objectives: To develop a tool that can be used preoperatively to identify patients at risk of poor functional outcome following operative repair of fracture nonunion. Design: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data. Setting: Academic medical center. Patients/Participants: Three hundred twenty-eight patients who underwent operative repair of a fracture nonunion were prospectively followed for a minimum of 12 months post-operatively. Intervention: After randomization, 223 (68%) patients comprised an experimental cohort and 105 (32%) patients comprised a separate validation cohort. Within the expe...
Source: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Conclusions: Radiographic recovery of cortical and cancellous bone defects was achieved with high probability via refilling with HAp/Col composite over the 1-year period. PMID: 32429017 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Asian Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Asian Spine J Source Type: research
Distal triceps ruptures are uncommon, usually caused by a fall on an outstretched hand or a direct blow. Factors linked to injury include eccentric loading of a contracting triceps, anabolic steroid use, weightlifting, and traumatic laceration. Risk factors include local steroid injection, hyperparathyroidism, and olecranon bursitis. Initial diagnosis can be complicated by pain and swelling, and a palpable defect is not always present. Plain radiographs can be helpful. MRI confirms the diagnosis and directs treatment. Incomplete tears can be treated nonsurgically; complete tears are best managed surgically. Good to excelle...
Source: Clinics in Sports Medicine - Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionOsteophyte formation reduces the incidence of TKA in patients with RA who have advanced joint damage.Key Points• Older age and Larsen grade were independent predictors of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients.• Periarticular osteophyte formation reduced the incidence of TKA in RA patients with Larsen grades III–V.
Source: Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
We report a case of double-level lumbar spondylolysis at L4 and L5 that was successfully treated with the double "smiley face" rod method. A healthy 29-year-old man who presented with a 6-year history of chronic low back pain was referred to us for surgical treatment. Plain radiographs and computed tomography of the lumbar spine revealed bilateral pars defects at L4 and L5 without slip or scoliosis. The patient underwent direct repair of the pars defects using the double smiley face rod method at L4 and L5. There were no intraoperative or postoperative complications, and the patient had improved clinically by 1 y...
Source: Journal of Medical Investigation - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Invest Source Type: research
Authors: Lu D, Wang T, Hong JJ, Chen H, Sun LJ Abstract The purpose of this study was to compare prospecti- vely the radiographic and clinical results of patients treated with tightrope through either mini-open or percutaneous stabilization for acute AC joint injuries. Eighty patients were included in this study and were randomly divided into two groups. Group A included 40 injuries treated with mini-open repair. Group B consisted of 40 injuries treated with percutaneous stabilization. Demographic and clinical data were comparable between the two groups before surgery (P>0.05). Peri-operative data, complications...
Source: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Acta Orthop Belg Source Type: research
AbstractSeveral clinical studies have compared the clinical and functional outcomes of arthroscopic anatomic complete repair and arthroscopic partial repair for massive rotator cuff tears (MRCTs). To our knowledge, no systematic review of these comparative trials has been published yet. A systematic analysis was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) using the MEDLINE/PubMed database and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Six studies were eligible for analysis, and they were level III case –control studies. There were 223 cases of complete repa...
Source: Musculoskeletal Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is a commonly performed procedure, with an increasing frequency leading to an increased number of revision procedures. Etiologies for graft rupture are varied and can include technical issues, repeat trauma, and graft choice. The preoperative evaluation before a revision ACL reconstruction should include a detailed history and physical exam, as well as radiographs, magnetic resonance imaging to evaluate graft integrity and for concomitant injuries, as well as computed tomography to measure for bone tunnel osteolysis. Surgical techniques for revision ACL reconstruction include...
Source: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Digital Exclusive Source Type: research
In just a few months, the COVID-19 pandemic has crossed borders and oceans, killing thousands, sickening millions, and forcing millions more to reckon with the economic and personal chaos of closures and lockdowns. Yet as the global infection count rises, the crisis has also given rise to acts of ingenuity. The pandemic has set off a global race for both an effective vaccine and for the accurate, rapid-response tests that will be necessary before workplaces can safely reopen. Vaccines and tests are essential, but they’re not the only front on which to combat the virus. In the face of an urgent threat, scientists have...
Source: TIME: Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 Source Type: news
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