Social Factors, Disability, and Depressive Symptoms in Adults With Chronic Pain

Discussion: The study provides important new findings regarding the associations between social factors and physical and psychological functioning of individuals with chronic pain, supporting biopsychosocial models.
Source: The Clinical Journal of Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

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Conclusion: Insomnia was associated with disability in men, whereas aging and pain severity were associated with disability in women. Catastrophic thinking was not associated with disability in both sexes. PMID: 32454923 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Pain Research and Management - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Pain Res Manag Source Type: research
Conclusions Changes in several measures of shoulder pain and function occurred after the home exercise program intervention, although the magnitude of changes was only significantly greater than those of the education-only control condition group for two measures. Significant changes in supraspinatus pathology were not detected with quantitative ultrasound metrics.
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Research Articles Source Type: research
This study examined potential benefits and harms associated with prescription opioid dose escalation. Participants from 2 institutions were enrolled in a 2-year prospective cohort study. All participants (n = 517) had a musculoskeletal pain diagnosis and were receiving a stable dose of long-term opioid therapy at baseline. Participants completed self-report measures of pain, disability, depression, and potential adverse effects at baseline and every 6 months for 2 years. We reviewed electronic health record data weekly to identify episodes of prescription opioid dose escalation; participants who had increases in their dose...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Abstract CONTEXT: People with chronic ankle instability (CAI) display a lower regional and global health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Examinations of HRQoL outcomes associated with CAI have addressed younger adults, restricting our understanding of the long-term consequences of CAI. OBJECTIVE: To compare ankle regional and global HRQoL in middle-aged participants with and those without CAI. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Laboratory. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: A total of 59 middle-aged volunteers, consisting of 18 with CAI (age = 50.2 ± 9.3 years), 17 who were ankle-spra...
Source: J Athl Train - Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research
This article discusses how neurological know-how could be integrated in academic geriatric medicine to improve care of neurogeriatric patients, to foster neurogeriatric research and training concepts and to provide innovative care concepts for geriatric patients with predominant neurological conditions and disabilities. PMID: 32430766 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Zeitschrift fur Gerontologie und Geriatrie - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tags: Z Gerontol Geriatr Source Type: research
Abstract Chronic neuropathic pain resulting from damage to the central or peripheral nervous system is a prevalent and debilitating condition affecting 7-18% of the population. Symptoms include spontaneous pain, dysesthesia, paresthesia, allodynia and hyperalgesia. The reported sensory symptoms are comorbid with behavioral disabilities such as insomnia and depression. Neonatal anoxia, a worldwide clinical problem in both neonatal and pediatric care, causes long-term deficits similar to those mentioned. The effect of neonatal anoxia on the maturation of nociceptive pathways has been sparsely explored. To address th...
Source: Behavioural Brain Research - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Behav Brain Res Source Type: research
z-Carnero J Abstract OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to observe the medium-term effects on pain, disability, and psychological factors of a combination of myofascial trigger point (MTrP) dry needling (DN) with pain neuroscience education (PNE) versus DN alone versus control care as usual (CUC) in patients with chronic neck pain. METHODS: A total of 60 patients were randomly selected in a Spanish National Health Service Public Hospital and divided into three groups: 6 sessions of DN with 3 sessions of PNE (TrPDN + PNE group, n = 21), 6 sessions of DN alone (TrPDN group, n&thin...
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research
This study aimed to evaluate the characteristics of CP in the community-dwelling elderly population and to investigate the effects of different periods of CP on cognitive and psychological functions. A total of 187 community-dwelling elderly people met the inclusion criteria and were included in this cross-sectional study. The survey items included demographic data (age and gender), pain-related questionnaires, psychological and cognitive functions, and sleep status. The duration of CP was investigated using three categories: no pain and pain for ≤1 year and ≥1 year. A logistic regression analysis was performed to id...
Source: Pain Research and Management - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Pain Res Manag Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: We found that there is little evidence for any risk factors involved in the development of acute PTH, whereas no study had assessed risk factors for the development of persistent PTH. Further studies are warranted and should be powered to examine possible risk factors for the development of PTH. Rigorous methodology and standardized monitoring should be prioritized to support high-quality research and validate potential findings. PMID: 32320055 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Headache - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Headache Source Type: research
Discussion: The 2-factor model of the 3*I “family members” subscale identified in the current study reflects previous findings and extends the psychometric validity of the 3*I to a US multiethnic sample of individuals with CLBP.
Source: The Clinical Journal of Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
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