The Differences Between Individuals Engaging in Nonsuicidal Self-Injury and Suicide Attempt Are Complex (vs. Complicated or Simple)

ConclusionsFindings were consistent with complex differences between people who engage in NSSI and suicide attempts. Specific complicated algorithms were either insufficient (cross-validation results) or unnecessary (bootstrap optimism results) to distinguish between these groups with high accuracy.
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

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Behavioral health (BH) complaints, including suicidal ideation (SI) and alcohol, are common in US Emergency Departments (EDs), [1-3]. The CDC published data in 2018 demonstrating a 25% overall increase in ED visits for SI and/or self-directed violence [4]. Additionally, the CDC reported that 24.5% of the population  > 12 years old engaged in binge alcohol use in 2017 [5]. A public health crisis occurred with the onset of novel coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19). Current “stay at home” orders have reduced human contact through social distancing [6].
Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 30 May 2020Source: Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological PsychiatryAuthor(s): Gianluca Serafini, Giovanna Canepa, Andrea Aguglia, Andrea Amerio, Davide Bianchi, Magnani, Bernardo Dell'Osso, Maurizio Pompili, Paul B. Fitzgerald, Mario Amore
Source: Progress in Neuro Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: This unprecedented crisis may interact with certain dimensions of the suicidal process. However, it is time to innovate. Several suicide prevention tools all have their place in new modes of care and should be tested on a large scale. PMID: 32471707 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: L Encephale - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research
ConclusionsSome promising interventions targeting the prevention and rehabilitation of OSI among police officers, firefighters, and correctional officers were identified in the included studies, and these results will serve as a basis for the development of evidence-based strategies to mitigate future risks in this population. However, several gaps were also identified in this area that will require further investigation prior to widespread implementation of effective interventions.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42019125945
Source: Systematic Reviews - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Suicide is a global health issue accounting for at least 800,000 deaths per annum. Numerous models have been proposed that differ in their emphasis on the role of psychological, social, psychiatric and neurobiological factors in explaining suicide risk. Ce...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
BACKGROUND: Sri Lanka has reduced its overall suicide rate by 70% over the last two decades through means restriction, through a series of government regulations and bans removing highly hazardous pesticides from agriculture. We aimed to identify the key p...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Home and Consumer Product Safety Source Type: news
BACKGROUND: Limited research exists examining the predictors of suicide attempts by mechanism. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine predictors of traumatic suicide attempts in youth. METHODS: Data came from patients 5-18 years of age ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) youth are more likely to be bullied and to report suicidal thoughts and behaviors than non –LGBTQ youth.1 Whether bullying is a more common antecedent among LGBTQ youth who die by suicide, however...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
A cross-national qualitative suicide study was conducted by Tsinghua University and the University of Toronto with two samples of Chinese women in Beijing and Toronto. The aim of this article is to reflect on lessons learned from this collaborative study. ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news
BACKGROUND: Rosenthal et al. classified female, habitual, non-suicidal wrist cutters as a group and introduced the concept of wrist-cutting syndrome. We investigated the characteristics of wrist-cutting patients at our institution in comparison with result...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Risk Factor Prevalence, Injury Occurrence Source Type: news
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