Validating the Importance of Positive Childhood Experiences on Adult Mental Health

To the Editor Bethell et al find a dose-response association between positive childhood experiences (PCEs) and depression/poor mental health (D/PMH) and adult-reported social/emotional support after accounting for exposure to adverse childhood experiences. In nonrandomized (real-world) data, treatment selection can be biased by unobservable confounders or inadequately measured explanatory variables, including, in this case, drug use additional to alcohol, exercise, income, wealth, education, race/ethnicity, comorbidities, family and friends, community engagement, job stress, sleep, and major life events. In this case, PCEs may serve as a proxy for such unobservable factors, suggesting that the observed adjusted odds ratio of 0.28 (95% CI, 0.21-0.39; P  
Source: JAMA Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

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DiscussionThese findings suggest that interventions designed to prevent the development of depression should be implemented in early adolescence, ideally before or at the age of 13 and particularly among young females given that the prevalence of MDD begins to rise and diverge from young males. Interventions should also simultaneously address lifestyle risk factors and symptoms of major depression.
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
This review identified prospective cohort studies in the general population, which showed incidence (23 papers) and risk factors (37 papers) for fibromyalgia and chronic widespread pain. Median incidence of physician diagnosed fibromyalgia in the general population was 4.3 per 1000 person-years (range = 0.33-18.8) but 14.0 (1.2-32.7) if medical illness was present. Median incidence of chronic widespread pain was 12.5 per 1000 person-years (7.2-81.6) but 67 per 1000 person years (14.8-124) for those with pre-existing pain. Risk factors included various childhood difficulties, female sex (except with pre-existing medical dis...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Comprehensive Review Source Type: research
(CNN) — Weekly sessions of yoga may ease depressive symptoms in people with other mental health issues, according to a systematic review and meta-analysis of existing research. “This is a great result to now encourage people who might be thinking about trying yoga that there’s some scientific evidence that it can be effective for helping reduce depressive symptoms,” said exercise physiologist and study author Jacinta Brinsley, a doctoral candidate at the University of South Australia. Depression is often associated with other mental health conditions. For example, 20 to 40% of people diagnosed with ...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health News Syndicated CBSN Boston CNN Yoga Source Type: news
This study provides direct evidence for the contribution of gut microbiota to the cognitive decline during normal aging and suggests that restoring microbiota homeostasis in the elderly may improve cognitive function. On Nutraceutical Senolytics https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2020/05/on-nutraceutical-senolytics/ Nutraceuticals are compounds derived from foods, usually plants. In principle one can find useful therapies in the natural world, taking the approach of identifying interesting molecules and refining them to a greater potency than naturally occurs in order to produce a usefully large therape...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
With spending so many hours inside, it can be so easy to seek comfort in food. Especially when some of us have enormous stock piles of tasty snacks and quick shelf stable carbohydrates like cereal, pasta and rice. Perhaps emotional eating is a new phenomena or we’ve struggled over the years with binge eating. Binge-eating is defined as consuming unusually large amounts of food typically in a short period of time and feeling unable to stop eating. During these stressful times we want to maintain emotional, mental and physical balance. Ensuring that we are getting the right nutrients without the self harm of overeating...
Source: Psych Central - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Binge Eating Coronavirus Eating Disorders COVID-19 Cravings Emotional Eating emotional overeating Source Type: news
Conditions:   Anxiety State;   Sleep Disturbance;   Alcohol Abuse;   Aging;   Dementia Intervention:   Sponsor:   University Hospital, Caen Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
The Psychiatric Characteristics of People on a Mephedrone ("bath salts") Binge. Subst Use Misuse. 2020 Apr 20;:1-8 Authors: Ordak M, Nasierowski T, Muszynska E, Bujalska-Zadrozny M Abstract Background: Despite solutions presented by the European Union and national regulations introduced by many countries, the problem of mephedrone (4-MMC) is growing. Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of regular mephedrone intake with other psychoactive substances on the clinical picture of patients, including self-harms and suicide attempts. Methods: The study involved a group of...
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research
R. Nicholas Carleton Poor sleep quality is associated with numerous mental health concerns and poorer overall physical health. Sleep disturbances are commonly reported by public safety personnel (PSP) and may contribute to the risk of developing mental disorders or exacerbate mental disorder symptoms. The current investigation was designed to provide estimates of sleep disturbances among PSP and explore the relationship between sleep quality and mental health status. PSP completed screening measures for sleep quality and diverse mental disorders through an online survey. Respondents (5813) were grouped into six catego...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Do you have difficult — or even toxic — family members? How does one go about setting boundaries with them? And is it OK to cut them off? In today’s Not Crazy podcast, Jackie and Gabe tackle these tough questions with Sonya Mastick, a mental health advocate and fellow podcaster of a show called “What Won’t She Say?” Sonya shares her personal story of how she handled her toxic mom and demonstrates how it’s OK, and sometimes even necessary, to set strong boundaries with family members who hurt you. It’s also OK if those boundaries shift and evolve with time. Tune in for an hon...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Family General Interview LifeHelper Mental Health and Wellness Not Crazy Podcast Source Type: blogs
Abstract The present study aimed to determine how young adults' use of disordered eating behaviors (DEBs) and alcohol uniquely cluster with one another, how these clusters differ by sex and race, and map onto health-related correlates. As a part of a cross-sectional study assessing college student health and experiences, female (n = 1,026), male (n = 336), White (n = 640), and Black (n = 561) young adult college students at three universities (Mage = 20.54, SD = 1.80) completed measures assessing DEBs and alcohol use, and physical and mental hea...
Source: Behavioral Medicine - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research
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