Application of Zero-profile Spacer in the Treatment of Three-level Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy: 5-year Follow-up Results
Study Design. A retrospective study. Objective. To assess the long-term results of zero-profile spacer for 3-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). Summary of Background Data. Although widely used, there are still controversies about the long-term results of zero-profile spacer, especially in multilevel cases. Methods. Cases received 3-level ACDF for cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) using either zero-profile spacer (n = 27) (ZP Group), or plate and cages (n = 34) (PC Group), and with 5-year follow-up were reviewed. Neurological function and life quality were assessed by modified Japanese Orthopaedic Association (mJOA) score, Neck Disability Index (NDI), and Short-Form 36 (SF-36) score. Disc height, cervical lordosis, fusion rate, and surgical complications were observed. Results. Neurological recovery and life quality improvement were similar in both groups. Disc height and cervical lordosis (C2-7 Cobb angle) were well restored after operations, but lost in both groups during follow-up. Loss of correction (LOC) in disc height was larger in ZP Group (11.38% vs 5.71%, P
Conclusions: An anterior approach to the cervical spine in cervical fracture dislocations is an effective treatment showing an optimal recovery rate in terms of patient-reported outcomes and structural stability, with the added advantages of less blood loss and the fact that the technique requires less instrumentation. PMID: 32321199 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusions: For one-level ACDF, the anchored cage with screws has some advantage compared to the stand-alone PEEK cage in avoiding dysphagia and restoring disc space height and cervical lordosis. We suggest the anchored spacer may be a good substitute for the stand-alone cage in one-level ACDF. Level of Evidence: Level II
This study compared the surgical outcomes of two surgical methods for treating multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy (MCSM) combined with cervical kyphotic deformity (CKD): (1) the ELTA method consisted of expansive open-door laminoplasty (EOLP) followed by three-segment anterior cervical discectomy fusion (ACDF), and (2) the LAPI method consisted of long-segment ACDF followed by long-level posterior instrumented fusion (PIF). Surgical treatment of CKD combined with MCSM remains challenging. Surgical considerations should include adequate spinal cord decompression and restoration of satisfactory cervical sagittal alig...
Conclusion: Our data showed that the new allograft cage is superior to the PEEK cage in providing a high fusion rate and fewer complications after 1-level and 2-level ACDF procedures. It may represent an excellent alternative to other cages.
This study examines the timing of clinical improvement and identifies factors (including spinal alignment) associated with worse outcomes. METHODS: Consecutive adult patients were enrolled in a prospective outcomes database from two academic centers participating in the Quality Outcomes Database from 2013 to 2016. Demographics, surgical details, radiographic data, arm and neck pain (visual analog scale [VAS] scores), and disability (Neck Disability Index [NDI] and EQ-5D scores) were reviewed. Multivariate analysis was used. RESULTS: A total of 186 patients were included, and 48.4% were male. Their mean age was 55...
ConclusionOCI, an important factor to maintain horizontal gaze, was demonstrated to be associated with radiological ASD, suggesting that the occipito-cervical angle influences accelerated cervical degeneration. Since OCI did not change after surgery, degeneration of the cervical spine may be predicted by the value of OCI.NECK trialDutch Trial Register Number NTR1289.PROCON trialTrial Register Number ISRCTN41681847.Graphic abstractThese slides can be retrieved under Electronic Supplementary Material.
Conclusion. This review provides evidence that while NDI scores improved across all devices, there was no significant difference in NDI improvement or C2–7 Cobb angle change between single level traditional ACDF, stand-alone ACDF, or TDR. Although TDR has not been considered a lordosis producing operation, our investigation shows it does not differ significantly in sagittal profile from other cervical fusion techniques. Moreover, we show that the NDI score improved, regardless of device implanted. Level of Evidence: 1
This study aimed to assess the efficacy of allograft in 2-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) with plate fixation by comparing its clinical and radiological outcomes to those of autograft. Thirty five patients with femur cortical allografts and 32 patients with tricortical iliac autografts were evaluated. All surgeries were performed by a single senior surgeon. During routine follow-up (at 3 months, 6 months, and annually after the surgery), the fusion rate, subsidence rate, and fused segmental lordosis angle were assessed by radiologic evaluation. Clinical outcomes were assessed using the visual analog s...
Conclusions: Our meta-analysis reveals zero-profile spacer is better than the cage-plate in terms of dysphagia. This suggests zero-profile spacer is a superior alternative invention for the treatment of multilevel CSM to reduce the risk of dysphagia.
Conclusions: ACDF with zero-profile stand-alone cervical devices is an excellent option for cervical degenerative disc disease of one, two, and three levels, with similar results reported when using ACDF with either cage or plate. PMID: 30962412 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]