Anaerobic blood culture positivity at a University Hospital in Hungary: A 5-year comparative retrospective study.

Anaerobic blood culture positivity at a University Hospital in Hungary: A 5-year comparative retrospective study. Anaerobe. 2020 Apr 01;:102200 Authors: Gajdács M, Ábrók M, Lázár A, Terhes G, Urbán E Abstract Anaerobic bacteremia (AB) is usually detected in about 0.5-13% of positive blood cultures. The aim of this study was to determine prevalence of anaerobic bacteremia over a 5-year period (2013-2017), to identify current trends at our University Hospital and to compare the results to those in a similar study (2005-2009) in the same region. During the study period, an average of 23,274 ± 2,756 blood cultures were received per year. Out of the positive blood cultures, 3.3-3.6% (n = 423) yielded anaerobic bacteria, representing 3.5-3.8 anaerobic isolates/1000 blood culture bottles (including both aerobic and anaerobic bottles) per year for hospitalized patients. Mean age of affected patients was 70-73 years (range: 18-102 years) with a male-to-female ratio: 0.60. Most isolated anaerobes were Cutibacterium spp. (54.0 ± 8.5%; n = 247), while among anaerobes other than Cutibacterium spp., Bacteroides and Parabacteroides and Clostridium spp. were the most prevalent. Blood culture time-to-positivity (TTP) for clinically relevant bacteria was 31.4 ± 23.4 h, while for Cutibacterium spp., TTP values were 112.9 ± 37.2 h (p 
Source: Anaerobe - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Anaerobe Source Type: research

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