Alternative donor peripheral blood stem cell transplantation for the treatment of high-risk refractory and/or relapsed childhood acute leukemia: a randomized trial

AbstractBackgroundThe high-risk refractory and/or relapsed (R/R) childhood acute leukemia prognosis is poor, and allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is the most prudent treatment modality. However, there are limited matched sibling donors (MSDs), and alternative donors (ADs) are the main source for allo-HSCT. Thus, we evaluated the clinical efficacy of AD peripheral allo-HSCT for treating high-risk R/R childhood acute leukemia.MethodsWe assessed 111 children who underwent allo-HSCT at the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University between October 2006 and July 2019. The patients were divided in the MSD and AD groups, and their clinical characteristics, complications, and survival rates were compared.ResultsThe cumulative incidences of Epstein –Barr virus and cytomegalovirus infections were significantly higher in the AD than in the MSD group (P  
Source: Experimental Hematology and Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

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This study aimed to assess the relative safety and short-term efficacy of drug-eluting bead transarterial chemoembolization (DEB-TACE) and conventional transarterial chemoembolization (c-TACE) for treating peculiar anatomical sites of gastric cancer liver metastasis. MATERIAL AND METHODS Of the 68 patients with gastric cancer liver metastases confirmed by imaging and pathology, 35 were treated with DEB-TACE and 33 with c-TACE. The DEB-TACE group comprised 26 males and 9 females aged 28-75 years (56.8±6.3), and the c-TACE group included 19 males and 14 females aged 33-77 (60.2±9.4) years. Liver functions of th...
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS The network pharmacology analysis reveals the molecular biological mechanism of Artemisia annua anti-NSCLC via multiple active components, multi-channels, and multi-targets. This suggests that Artemisia annua might be developed as a promising anti-NSCLC drug. PMID: 32474568 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
New J. Chem., 2020, Accepted Manuscript DOI: 10.1039/D0NJ01814G, PaperGurpreet Kaur, Monika Chaudhary, Kailash C Jena, Narinder Singh Abstract Environmental contamination due to increase in drug level is touching its alarming stage. There is an array of drugs such as antibiotics, antidepressants, analgesics, cancer chemotherapy drugs etc which... The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry
Source: RSC - New J. Chem. latest articles - Category: Chemistry Authors: Source Type: research
Analyst, 2020, Advance Article DOI: 10.1039/D0AN00627K, PaperJun Liu, Cheng Cao We propose a novel GSH-generating prodrug to be used with a sulfonamide-induced “integrative” platform for selective cancer therapy. To cite this article before page numbers are assigned, use the DOI form of citation above. The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry
Source: RSC - Analyst latest articles - Category: Chemistry Authors: Source Type: research
In conclusion, our findings demonstrate that in the presence of an HIV-1 infection, the cellular distribution of FcγRIIIa is altered and that the functional consequence of FcγRIIIa variant is affected. Importantly, it underscores the need to characterize FcγR expression, cellular distribution and functional consequences of FcγR genetic variants within a specific environment or disease state. Introduction Receptors for the Fc domain of immunoglobulin G (IgG), so called Fc gamma receptors (FcγRs), link the specificity of IgG with potent effector functions of the innate immune system. Fc&ga...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
We presently forget 98% of everything we experience. That will go away in favor of perfect, controllable, configurable memory. Skills and knowledge will become commodities that can be purchased and installed. We will be able to feel exactly as we wish to feel at any given time. How we perceive the world will be mutable and subject to choice. How we think, the very fundamental basis of the mind, will also be mutable and subject to choice. We will merge with our machines, as Kurzweil puts it. The boundary between mind and computing device, between the individual and his or her tools, will blur. Over the course of the ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
It is widely suspected, yet controversial, that infection plays an etiologic role in the development of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), the most common childhood cancer and a disease with a confirmed prenatal origin in most cases. We investigated infections at diagnosis and then assessed the timing of infection at birth in children with ALL and age, gender, and ethnicity matched controls to identify potential causal initiating infections. Comprehensive untargeted virome and bacterial analyses of pretreatment bone marrow specimens (n = 127 ALL in comparison with 38 acute myeloid leukemia cases in a comparison group) rev...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Pediatric Hematology, Free Research Articles, Lymphoid Neoplasia, Brief Reports, Clinical Trials and Observations Source Type: research
Children who develop acute lymphoblastic leukemia are over three times more likely to have tested positive for cytomegalovirus at birth, a new study shows.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Blood / Hematology Source Type: news
Congenital cytomegalovirus infection may increase risk of developing acute lymphocytic leukaemia Related items fromOnMedica Cold sore virus could kill cancer New guidelines on managing genital herpes in pregnancy Scientists find genetic signature linked to leukaemia Breastfeeding could cut children ’s leukaemia risk Prophylactic antibiotics help children with leukaemia
Source: OnMedica Latest News - Category: UK Health Source Type: news
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