Peroxiredoxin 4 attenuates glutamate-induced neuronal cell death through inhibition of endoplasmic reticulum stress.

Peroxiredoxin 4 attenuates glutamate-induced neuronal cell death through inhibition of endoplasmic reticulum stress. Free Radic Res. 2020 Apr 02;:1-41 Authors: Kang JH, Kim MH, Lee HJ, Huh JW, Lee HS, Lee DS Abstract High concentrations of glutamate induce neurotoxicity by eliciting reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and intracellular Ca2+ influx. The disruption of Ca2+ homeostasis in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) evokes ER stress, ultimately resulting in neuronal dysfunction. Additionally, glutamate participates in the development of neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases. Peroxiredoxins (Prxs) are members of a family of antioxidant enzymes that protect cells from neurotoxic factor-induced apoptosis by scavenging hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Prx4 is located in the ER and controls the redox condition within the ER. The present study investigated the protective effects of Prx4 against glutamate-induced neurotoxicity linked to ER stress. HT22 cells in which Prx4 was either overexpressed or silenced were used to elucidate the protective role of Prx4 against glutamate toxicity. The expression of Prx4 in HT22 cells was significantly increased in response to glutamate treatment, while ROS scavengers and ER chemical chaperones reduced Prx4 levels. Moreover, Prx4 overexpression reduces glutamate-induced apoptosis of HT22 cells by inhibiting ROS formation, Ca2+ influx, and ER stress. Therefore, we conclude that Prx4 has protec...
Source: Free Radical Research - Category: Research Tags: Free Radic Res Source Type: research

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