Mesenchymal Stem Cells and the Generation of Neomuscle Tissue.

Mesenchymal Stem Cells and the Generation of Neomuscle Tissue. Surg Technol Int. 2020 Apr 04;36: Authors: Schaefer B, Beier JP, Ruhl T Abstract Skeletal muscle represents the largest mass of tissue in the body and is essential for motion and posture. Traumatic injury, tumor ablation, prolonged denervation or genetic defects lead to skeletal myopathies. The loss of muscle function or its regenerative properties often results in pain, deformity, and joint malfunction. The regenerative capacity of skeletal muscles depends on adult muscle stem cells, the so-called satellite cells; however, the population of these myogenic precursors, and thus their potential to restore large muscle tissue defects, is strongly limited. On the other hand, surgical treatment of skeletal muscle loss is hampered by the scarcity of functional replacement tissue. Only a few options currently exist to provide functional and aesthetic restoration of lost muscle tissues, other than free muscle flap transfer. While this reconstructive technique is a common practice, it involves the risk of significant donor-site morbidity. Therefore, alternative cells with the potential to regenerate muscle tissue need to be examined. Recently, many surgeons have studied the potential clinical application of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), which are an adult stem cell population that can undergo differentiation along the mesodermal lineage and secrete growth factors that can enhance tissue regeneration p...
Source: Surgical Technology International - Category: Surgery Tags: Surg Technol Int Source Type: research

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ConclusionsWe found that MSCs combined with hydroxyapatite represents a potential therapy for bone regeneration in VBD. Further clinical studies are required to investigate the safety and efficacy of this combination of therapy in VBDs.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
García-Balletbó M, Cugat R Abstract PURPOSE: To compare the healing and clinical outcomes of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction between patients with or without intraoperative administration of adipose-derived regenerative stem cells (ADRC). METHODS: Between 2013 and 2014, the outcomes of 20 soccer players undergoing ACL reconstruction using bone-patellar tendon-bone autograft infiltrated with ADRC at the end of the procedure were compared to a historical, matched cohort of 19 soccer players undergoing the same procedure without ADRC. Outcomes were obtained at baseline, and 6 and 1...
Source: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong) Source Type: research
Autogenous or alloplastic bone grafts are routinely applied for reconstruction of cystic bone defects. Addition of mesenchymal bone marrow stem cell in osteoconductive alloplastic bone makes it osteoinductive and osteogenic. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of bone marrow aspirate in regenerating new bone with hydroxyapatite collagen scaffold in patients with large cystic maxillofacial defects. This prospective randomized study had random allocation of 15 patients with large cystic maxillofacial bony defects in each of the 2 groups. Group I patients received hydroxyapatite granules and bone marrow aspirat...
Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: Brief Clinical Studies Source Type: research
Conclusion The expression of the components of the PTN-MK-RPTPβ/ζ axis in immune cells and in inflammatory diseases suggests important roles for this axis in inflammation. Pleiotrophin has been recently identified as a limiting factor of metainflammation, a chronic pathological state that contributes to neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration. Pleiotrophin also seems to potentiate acute neuroinflammation independently of the inflammatory stimulus while MK seems to play different -even opposite- roles in acute neuroinflammation depending on the stimulus. Which are the functions of MK and PTN in chronic neuroinfla...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
In this study, we review our experience with HSCT for SCD and demonstrate that most patients can receive a curative HSCT despite lack of SIB donor and presence of significant co-morbidities.Methods:All adult SCD patients who received HSCT at our center since 2014 were included. Patients had at least 2 hospitalizations per year for pain crises despite hydroxyurea compliance and evidence of end-organ damage. Patients with a SIB donor (n=6) received conditioning with alemtuzumab and 3Gy TBI (per Hsieh et al, 2009). Patients with MUD/MMUD (n=4) or haploidentical (n=1) donors received conditioning with alemtuzumab, fludarabine,...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 721. Clinical Allogeneic Transplantation: Conditioning Regimens, Engraftment, and Acute Transplant Toxicities Source Type: research
Authors: Wu Z, Liu X, Yuan D, Zhao J Abstract Venous lower limb ulcers are very common and affect ~1% of the general population. The human acellular amniotic membrane (HAAM), which is isolated from the amniotic membrane (AM) via excluding the majority of cellular components, has lower antigenicity than the AM. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of the HAAM, adopted to treat venous ulcers (VUs) of the lower extremities. The HAMM was isolated from the AM by the Stem Cells and Tissue Engineering laboratory at the West China Hospital of Sichuan University (Chengdu, China). HAMMs w...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Authors: Yin J, Jurkunas U Abstract Corneal epithelial stem cells are adult somatic stem cells located at the limbus and represent the ultimate source of transparent corneal epithelium. When these limbal stem cells become dysfunctional or deficient, limbal stem cell deficiency (LSCD) develops. LSCD is a major cause of corneal scarring and is particularly prevalent in chemical and thermal burns of the ocular surface. LSCD leads to conjunctivalization of the corneal surface, neovascularization, recurrent or persistent epithelial defects, ocular surface inflammation, and scarring that, in turn, lead to decreased visio...
Source: Seminars in Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Semin Ophthalmol Source Type: research
ConclusionMSC from iliac crest and degenerative facet joints largely display similar clonogenic and osteogenic properties in vitro. Differences at the molecular level are not likely to impair the osteoinductive capacity of facet joint MSC. Bone autografts from facetectomy would be viable alternatives as bone autografts for intervertebral spinal fusion in lumbar spinal stenosis.
Source: European Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
ConclusionMSC from iliac crest and degenerative facet joints largely display similar clonogenic and osteogenic properties in vitro. Differences at the molecular level are not likely to impair the osteoinductive capacity of facet joint MSC. Bone autografts from facetectomy would be viable alternatives as bone autografts for intervertebral spinal fusion in lumbar spinal stenosis.
Source: European Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Authors: Guerado E, Caso E Abstract Bone defects may impede normal biomechanics and the structural stability of bone as an organ. In many cases, the correction of bone defects requires extensive surgical intervention involving the use of bone-grafting techniques and other procedures in which healing is slow, there is a high risk of infection and considerable pain is provoked - with no guarantee of complete correction of the defect. Therefore, the search for surgical alternatives continues to present a major challenge in orthopaedic traumatology. The reamer-irrigator-aspirator (RIA) system, which was devised to avoi...
Source: World Journal of Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: World J Orthop Source Type: research
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