Influence of chronic kidney disease and haemodialysis on stroke outcome

CONCLUSION: Despite significant functional and neurological improvements following rehabilitation, stroke patients with underlying CKD had higher average duration of hospital stay, more recurrent hospitalisations and poorer survival outcomes than those without underlying CKD. This could be attributed to the complications associated with CKD rather than stroke. Multidisciplinary community rehabilitation may be an alternative to reduce recurrent hospitalisations and morbidity in this group of patients. PMID: 32241068 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Singapore Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Singapore Med J Source Type: research

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Conclusion: In hypertensive adults with mild-to-moderate CKD, visit-to-visit variability in BP was significantly associated with the risk of subsequent first stroke.
Source: Journal of Hypertension - Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Epidemiology Source Type: research
The objectives of the study were to examine the temporal trends and patient characteristics associated with prescription of thrombolytic, antithrombotic and statin medications among patients with first-ever stroke. MATERIALS AND METHODS: First-ever ischaemic and haemorrhagic stroke patients admitted to 2 Singapore tertiary hospitals between 2010‒2014 were included. Data were extracted from the National Healthcare Group Chronic Disease Management System. Association between drug utilisation and admission year, as well as characteristics associated with drug use, were explored using multivariable logistic regression. ...
Source: Ann Acad Med Singapo... - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Ann Acad Med Singapore Source Type: research
Background: Cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) are associated with the risk of intracerebral hemorrhage in stroke patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). We investigated the association between CMBs and chronic kidney disease (CKD) in patients with acute ischemic stroke and AF. Methods: We retrospectively examined consecutive patients with acute ischemic stroke and AF who underwent brain gradient-echo T2*-weighted magnetic resonance imaging. The number and distribution (lobar, deep or infratentorial, and mixed) of CMBs were assessed.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
We examined whether combining ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke risk in individual patients might provide a meaningful paradigm for risk stratification.MethodsWe enrolled consecutive patients with anticoagulation-associated ICH in 15 tertiary centers in the USA, Europe and Asia between 2015 and 2017. Each patient was assigned baseline ischemic stroke and hemorrhage risk based on their CHA2DS2-VASc and HAS-BLED scores. We computed a net risk by subtracting hemorrhagic from ischemic risk. If the sum was positive the patient was assigned a “Favorable” indication for anticoagulation; if negative, “Unfavorable&r...
Source: Journal of Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusion: The investigations allowed the identification of subgroups of deaths due to stroke. In addition to the research, however, it is important to conduct physician training in the adequate filling in of the DC, in order to improve estimates of specific stroke mortality, and to enable appropriate targeting of health actions and services.
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
This study evaluated and compared the safety outcomes of DOACs versus warfarin in patients with non-valvular AF and concomitant CKD. Patients in our health system with AF prescribed oral anticoagulants during 2010 to 2017 were identified. All-cause mortality, bleeding, and hemorrhagic and ischemic stroke were evaluated based on degree of renal impairment and method of anticoagulation.
Source: The American Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Given the increasing worldwide prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD), it is critical to decrease the associated risk of debilitating vascular complications, including stroke, congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction, and peripheral vascular disease. Treatment options for reducing the risk of all subtypes of stroke in patients with CKD remain limited. For patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD), novel applications of noninvasive imaging may help personalize the type of dialysis and dialysis prescription for patients at high-risk. SUMMARY: This manuscript reviews the heigh...
Source: American Journal of Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Am J Nephrol Source Type: research
AbstractAtrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia in clinical practice and its prevalence increases with age. Few data are available about the clinical performance of direct oral anticoagulant (DOACs) in patients aged  ≥ 80 years with AF. The aim of our propensity score matched cohort study was to compare the safety and efficacy of DOACs versus well-controlled VKA therapy among octogenarians with AF in real life setting. Data for this study were sourced from the multicenter prospectively maintained Atrial Fibrillation Research Database (NCT03760874), which includes all AF patients followe...
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
AbstractPatients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at increased risk of stroke and bleeding. Although direct oral anticoagulant (DOAC) trials excluded patients with severe CKD, a growing portion of CKD patients have been starting DOACs and limited data from real-world outcome in this high-risk setting are available. The INSigHT registry included 632 consecutive NVAF patients that started apixaban (256 patients, 41%), dabigatran (245, 39%) and rivaroxaban (131, 20%) between 2012 and 2015. Based on creatinine clearance, two sub-cohorts were defined: (1) non-CKD group (CrCl 60 &...
Source: Internal and Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
Ju Wu Chia-Hung Kao Background: The incidence of stroke after kidney transplantation is poorly understood. Our study aimed to determine the incidence and predictors of stroke as well as mortality from stroke in kidney transplant recipients (KTRs). Methods: This retrospective cohort study used the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan to study KTRs (N = 4635), patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD; N = 69,297), and patients from the general population who were chronic kidney disease (CKD)-free and matched by comorbidities (N = 69,297) for the years 2000 through 2010. The risk of stroke was analyz...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
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