Children with gastroenteritis attending emergency primary healthcare units before and after the introduction of the rotavirus vaccine.

Children with gastroenteritis attending emergency primary healthcare units before and after the introduction of the rotavirus vaccine. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2020 Mar 31;140(5): Authors: Sandvik H Abstract BACKGROUND: The rotavirus is the most frequent cause of severe diarrhoea in small children. The purpose of this study was to map emergency primary health care consultations due to gastroenteritis in small children before and after the introduction of the rotavirus vaccine on 1 October 2014. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The material consists of data from all electronic reimbursement claims from emergency primary health care doctors in the period 2010-18. Quarterly consultation rates at the emergency primary health care units for children aged 0-4 years with gastroenteritis were calculated. The consultation rate ratio for the years 2015-18 was calculated by dividing the consultation rate by the corresponding mean for the years 2010-13. RESULTS: The consultation rate was highest in the first quarter of the year. In the years 2010-13 (prior to the introduction of the vaccine), infants had a mean consultation rate of 9.7 per 1000 inhabitants, one-year-olds 14.3 and two-year-olds 7.3. In 2016 (after the introduction of the vaccine), the consultation rate ratio in the first quarter was 0.5 for infants, 0.3 for one-year-olds and 0.4 for two-year-olds. In 2017 and 2018, the corresponding consultation rate ratio was 0.5 for infants, 0.4 for one-year-olds...
Source: Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen Source Type: research

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AbstractIntroductionRotavirus gastroenteritis is the leading cause of severe diarrhoea among young children
Source: Infectious Diseases and Therapy - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
In 2016, the Government of India introduced the oral rotavirus vaccine (ROTAVAC, Bharat Biotech, India) in 4 states of India as part of the Universal Immunization Programme, and expanded to 5 more states in 20...
Source: BMC Public Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Rotavirus infection is the most common cause of acute gastroenteritis globally in children under 5 years of age and is responsible for approximately 5% of all child deaths yearly. Rotavirus vaccination is cons...
Source: BMC Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Rotavirus vaccines were effective in preventing mild to severe RVGE, irrespective of vaccine type, time since vaccination, or RV genotype. PMID: 30037664 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 29 June 2018Source: The LancetAuthor(s): Krisztián Bányai, Mary K Estes, Vito Martella, Umesh D ParasharSummaryEnteric viruses, particularly rotaviruses and noroviruses, are a leading cause of gastroenteritis worldwide. Rotaviruses primarily affect young children, accounting for almost 40% of hospital admissions for diarrhoea and 200 000 deaths worldwide, with the majority of deaths occurring in developing countries. Two vaccines against rotavirus were licensed in 2006 and have been implemented in 95 countries as of April, 2018. Data from eight high-income and middle-incom...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog - Emergency medicine and critical care medical education blog aka Tropical Travel Trouble 009 The diagnosis of HIV is no longer fatal and the term AIDS is becoming less frequent. In many countries, people with HIV are living longer than those with diabetes. This post will hopefully teach the basics of a complex disease and demystify some of the potential diseases you need to consider in those who are severely immunosuppressed. While trying to be comprehensive this post can not be exhaustive (as you can imagine any patient with ...
Source: Life in the Fast Lane - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Clinical Cases Tropical Medicine AIDS art cryptococcoma cryptococcus HIV HIV1 HIV2 PEP PrEP TB toxoplasma tuberculoma Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 29 June 2018Source: The LancetAuthor(s): Krisztián Bányai, Mary K Estes, Vito Martella, Umesh D ParasharSummaryEnteric viruses, particularly rotaviruses and noroviruses, are a leading cause of gastroenteritis worldwide. Rotaviruses primarily affect young children, accounting for almost 40% of hospital admissions for diarrhoea and 200 000 deaths worldwide, with the majority of deaths occurring in developing countries. Two vaccines against rotavirus were licensed in 2006 and have been implemented in 95 countries as of April, 2018. Data from eight high-income and middle-incom...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
We describe rotavirus prevalence and hospitalisation in Malawi pre and four years post vaccine introduction; provide updated vaccine effectiveness (VE) estimates; and assess rotavirus vaccine indirect effects. METHODS: Children under five years of age presenting to a referral hospital in Blantyre with AGE were recruited. Stool samples were tested for rotavirus using Enzyme Immunoassay. The change in rotavirus prevalence was evaluated using Poisson regression. Time series analysis was used to further investigate trends in prevalence over time. VE against rotavirus diarrhoea of any severity was estimated using logistic ...
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Monovalent rotavirus vaccine (RV1) was introduced in Lusaka in February 2012 and rolled out countrywide in November 2013 in the routine Expanded Programme on Immunisation and administered at 6 and 10 weeks with no catch up dose. Reported here is the monitoring of rotavirus acute gastroenteritis hospitalisations at the University Teaching Hospital, Lusaka, Zambia as part of efforts to document the impact of rotavirus vaccine. METHODS: Children
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog - Emergency medicine and critical care medical education blog aka Tropical Travel Trouble 006 Our medical student who caught shigella on a Nepalese elective has a thirst for adventure. They plan to help at a Bangladesh refugee camp but the latest CDC report states there have been some cases of cholera. They’ve done a little bit of reading and want your help to teach them all about cholera and how they may prepare and best serve their new community. Questions: Q1. What is cholera and how is it transmitted? Answer and inte...
Source: Life in the Fast Lane - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Clinical Cases Tropical Medicine cholera diarrhoea john snow ORS rice water diarrhoea watery diarrhoea Source Type: blogs
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