Could monocyte level/HDL cholesterol ratio predict cardiovascular diseases in patients with COPD ?

Conclusion: MHR is significantly associated with CVD in COPD patients. Further prospective studies are warranted to elucidate the predictive value of MHR in COPD patients.
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - Category: Rural Health Authors: Source Type: research

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In conclusion, the findings of the present study indicated that DHA may significantly decrease the serum TG levels and alter the gut microbiota, which suggested its potential to be used for the treatment of hyperlipidemia, inflammatory and neurodegenerative disorders. PMID: 32468008 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Molecular Medicine Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Med Rep Source Type: research
In conclusion, the findings of the present study suggested that miR‑340‑5p may protect PC12 cells against OGD/R through targeting Neurod4, which could provide important implications for the treatment of ischemia‑reperfusion injury based on miR‑340‑5p expression levels in vivo. PMID: 32468054 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Molecular Medicine Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Med Rep Source Type: research
Authors: Liu Y, Jiang B, Cao Y, Chen W, Yin L, Xu Y, Qiu Z Abstract Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a disease that can lead to heart expansion and severe heart failure, but the specific pathogenesis remains unclear. Sox5 is a member of the Sox family with a key role in cardiac function. However, the role of Sox5 in DCM remains unclear. In the present study, wild‑type mice were intraperitoneally injected with doxorubicin (Dox) to induce DCM, and heart specimens from human patients with DCM were used to investigate the preliminary role of Sox5 in DCM. The present study demonstrated that, compared with control human...
Source: Molecular Medicine Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Med Rep Source Type: research
Authors: Kalli E Abstract Lipids constitute almost 60% of the brain's dry weight, and they are thought to be involved in inflammation, neurotransmission and synaptic plasticity. The brain mostly contains sphingolipids, glycerophospholipids and cholesterol which are abundant in myelin and neuronal membranes. The recent rise of the promising area of lipidomic data can be used as a diagnosing tool at the early stages of Alzheimer's disease allowing novel therapeutic targets. In this review, altered lipid metabolites as well as the impact of diet in the progress of Alzheimer's disease (AD) are analyzed. PMID: 32468...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Authors: Susmitha K, Chandrasekhar V, Kiran G, Divya A, Rani GS, Sarangapani M Abstract Stroke is becoming a main cause of early death and disability in developing countries like India, and it is mostly enhanced by increased predominance of major risk factors. A detailed knowledge about the nature and magnitude of the stroke cases in this particular area is not only important for acute treatment but also it helps to prevent hospital admissions due to reoccurring stroke. The present study was conducted in the Department of Stroke at MGM Hospital, Warangal, India, to study the patterns of stroke admissions. All the c...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Contributors : Yejie Shi ; Jun ChenSeries Type : Expression profiling by high throughput sequencingOrganism : Mus musculusSenescence-associated alterations in microglia may have profound impact on cerebral homeostasis and stroke outcomes. However, the lack of a transcriptome-wide comparison between young and aged microglia in the context of ischemia limits our understanding of aging-related mechanisms. Herein, we performed bulk RNA sequencing analysis of microglia purified from cerebral hemispheres of young adult (10-week-old) and aged (18-month-old) mice 5 days after distal middle cerebral artery occlusion or sham operati...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Mus musculus Source Type: research
Abstract Stroke is a leading cause of death and disability in developed countries. N-methyl-D-aspartate glutamate receptors (NMDARs) have important roles in stroke pathology and recovery. Depending on their subtypes and locations, these NMDARs may promote either neuronal survival or death. Recently, the functions of previously overlooked NMDAR subtypes during stroke were characterized, and NMDARs expressed at different subcellular locations were found to have synergistic rather than opposing functions. Moreover, the complexity of the neuronal survival and death signaling pathways following NMDAR activation was fur...
Source: Trends in Molecular Medicine - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Trends Mol Med Source Type: research
Authors: Vegas-Sánchez-Ferrero G, José Estépar RS Abstract Lung parenchyma destruction (emphysema) is a major factor in the description of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) and its prognosis. It is defined as an abnormal enlargement of air spaces distal to the terminal bronchioles and the destruction of alveolar walls. In CT imaging, the presence of emphysema is observed by a local decrease of the lung density and the diagnose is usually set as more than 5% of the lung below -950 HU, the so-called emphysema density mask. There is still debate, however, about the definition of this pe...
Source: MICCAI International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention - Category: Radiology Tags: Med Image Comput Comput Assist Interv Source Type: research
AbstractEffects of statins over clinical changes in Alzheimer ’s disease (AD) are usually non-significant, but epistatic interactions between genetic variants involved in cholesterol metabolism could be important for such effects. We aimed to investigate whetherLDLR single-nucleotide polymorphisms rs11669576 (LDLR8), rs5930 (LDLR10), and rs5925 (LDLR13) are associated with cognitive and functional changes in AD, while also consideringAPOE haplotypes and lipid-lowering treatment with lipophilic statins for stratification. Consecutive outpatients with late-onset AD were screened with cognitive tests, while caregivers s...
Source: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Familial hypercholesterolaemia is often symptomless, but if untreated, patients can die before reaching middle age or even as children, like Rianna Wingett from Essex, pictured.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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