Characteristics of patients with low-trauma vertebral fractures in the United Arab Emirates: a descriptive multi-center analysis.

In conclusion, patients with fragility vertebral fractures were predominantly female and tended to be overweight or obese, although male patients tended to have a lower BMI than female patients. PMID: 32238668 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Endocrine Journal - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Endocr J Source Type: research

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Changes in body composition may be the most characteristic feature of aging; age-related loss of muscle and bone mass together with higher adiposity may occur universally during the aging process. Age-related changes in body composition may contribute to a reduced basal metabolic rate that further promotes unfavorable body composition[1]. Although changes in body composition are key features of aging, there may be certain pathological implications when changes go beyond a certain point. Diseases related to body composition have been proposed and well established, i.e., obesity, osteoporosis, and sarcopenia, which was most ...
Source: Maturitas - Category: Primary Care Authors: Source Type: research
Fight Aging! publishes news and commentary relevant to the goal of ending all age-related disease, to be achieved by bringing the mechanisms of aging under the control of modern medicine. This weekly newsletter is sent to thousands of interested subscribers. To subscribe or unsubscribe from the newsletter, please visit: https://www.fightaging.org/newsletter/ Longevity Industry Consulting Services Reason, the founder of Fight Aging! and Repair Biotechnologies, offers strategic consulting services to investors, entrepreneurs, and others interested in the longevity industry and its complexities. To find out m...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
In conclusion, our results suggest a previously unknown mechanism whereby the canonical NF-κB cascade and a mitochondrial fission pathway interdependently regulate endothelial inflammation. Lin28 as a Target for Nerve Regeneration https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2020/05/lin28-as-a-target-for-nerve-regeneration/ Researchers here show that the gene Lin28 regulates axon regrowth. In mice, raised levels of Lin28 produce greater regeneration of nerve injuries. Past research has investigated Lin28 from the standpoint of producing a more general improvement in regenerative capacity. It improves mitoch...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
-Yong Jeong Medicinal plants have been used worldwide as primary alternative healthcare supplements. Cornus officinalis (CO) and Ribes fasciculatum (RF) are traditional medicinal plants applied in East Asia to treat human diseases such as hepatitis, osteoporosis, oxidative stress and allergy. The aim of this study was to examine the anti-obesity effect of CO and RF on preadipocyte 3T3-L1 cells in vitro and high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity mice in vivo. Combination treatment of CO and RF in differentiated 3T3-L1 cells inhibited adipocyte differentiation through downregulation of adipogenesis-associated genes such as ...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
This study provides direct evidence for the contribution of gut microbiota to the cognitive decline during normal aging and suggests that restoring microbiota homeostasis in the elderly may improve cognitive function. On Nutraceutical Senolytics https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2020/05/on-nutraceutical-senolytics/ Nutraceuticals are compounds derived from foods, usually plants. In principle one can find useful therapies in the natural world, taking the approach of identifying interesting molecules and refining them to a greater potency than naturally occurs in order to produce a usefully large therape...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
In this study, we investigated the effects of hot water extract derived from the tendrils of C. moschata Duchesne (TCMD) on NLRP3 inflammasome activation in murine macrophages and human trophoblast cells. The TCMD treatment of LPS-primed bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs) and human trophoblast cells attenuated NLRP3 inflammasome activation induced by inflammasome activators such as ATP, nigericin, and monosodium urate (MSU). TCMD treatment suppressed IL-1β secretion in a dose-dependent manner, without affecting IL-6 secretion. In addition, TCMD inhibited NLRP3-dependent pyroptosis in BMDMs. TCMD also suppressed t...
Source: International Journal of Medical Sciences - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: Int J Med Sci Source Type: research
Abstract Glucocorticoids (GCs) are widely used immunomodulators. They regulate gene expression by binding and activating the Glucocorticoid Receptor (GR), but underlying transcriptional mechanisms remain enigmatic. This review summarizes recent findings identifyingspecific GR-bound DNA sequences whose configuration may affect transcriptional output. Additional factors affecting GR's anti-inflammatory actions, including different chromatin states such as DNAse hypersensitive regions and histone marks will be discussed, together with the relevant transcriptional co-regulators and promoter/enhancer features. Furtherm...
Source: Current Opinion in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Curr Opin Pharmacol Source Type: research
Conclusions: Some comorbidities were present in both the AD and control groups, while others were found in the AD group and not in the control group, and vice versa.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Abstract Obesity and consumption of diet rich in fat are known to contribute to the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD) which is a complex and multifactorial neurodegenerative disease and a leading cause of mortality with unmet medical needs. Hypercholesterolemia was discovered to increase neuropathological changes alongwith cognitive decline in AD mouse models but still the underlying mechanism is elusive. Furthermore, isoprenoids, the crucial products of Mevalonate-pathway produced by the action of farnesyl pyrophosphate synthase (FPPS) enzyme, are also demonstrated to play a key role in AD. Nevertheless, bi...
Source: Brain Research Bulletin - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Brain Res Bull Source Type: research
ConclusionThis first of its kind study in the Middle East demonstrates that osteoporosis is a common disease, more common than most feared NCDs. Our findings are comparable to those in western populations and justify placing osteoporosis on the top of NCDs ’ priority list in our country and possibly the region.
Source: Osteoporosis International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
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