Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Is Not Associated With Jackhammer Esophagus: A Case-control Study.
Conclusions: Pathologic acid exposure does not appear to be associated with JE. JE patients had increased CCB and LABA use. The unexpected finding of increased LABA use warrants more investigation and may provide support for a cholinergic etiology of JE. PMID: 32235029 [PubMed]
Purpose of review Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a terminal lung disease of largely unknown cause. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) was recently discovered to be a trigger for the development of IPF. The current pharmaceutical approach to IPF falls short and there is a pressing need for improved therapeutic options. The present review describes the currently available knowledge regarding the role of oxidative stress and inflammation in the pathophysiology of IPF and GERD and determines the potential use of antioxidants as a treatment option for GERD-associated IPF. Recent findings IPF and GERD share a si...
Patients with esophageal symptoms potentially associated with gastroesophageal reflux disease such as heartburn, regurgitation, chest pain, or cough represent one of the most frequent reasons for referral to gastroenterological evaluation. The utility of esophageal reflux monitoring in clinical practice is: (1) to accurately define reflux burden, (2) to segregate patients according to reflux monitoring results as true GERD, reflux hypersensitivity and functional heartburn, and (3) to establish a treatment plan.
Conclusions: Age does not influence short- and long-term outcomes following LNF. Control of reflux in the elderly is worse than adult patients. Therefore, ageing is a relative contraindication to LNF.
We present the first case report of benign oesophageal peptic stricture post-sleeve gastrectomy and its management. The management modalities for peptic stricture post-LSG include proton pump inhibitors, endoscopic dilatation and surgical management. Revisional Roux-en-Y gastric bypass along with optimal usage of serial dilatation and medical treatment has been shown to be an effective treatment for the same.
ConclusionRobotically assisted Heller myotomy and POEM are safe and efficacious treatments for achalasia with lower rates of technical complications compared to laparoscopic Heller myotomy. With the advancements in endoscopic instruments and robotic surgery, POEM and robotically assisted Heller myotomy should be considered in the treatment of achalasia and esophageal dysmotility disorders.
ConclusionsThis is the first study to demonstrate a procedural factor that increases post-POEM esophagitis. Gastric myotomy > 2.5 cm results in increased rates of moderate esophagitis without improving clinical efficacy. Some patients developed esophagitis in a delayed fashion, emphasizing the importance of ongoing surveillance. We also believe that preserving the gastric sling fibers may help to reduce reflux rates. T he double-scope method may help to control myotomy length (2.0–2.5 cm) and direction (lesser curve to avoid the gastric sling) to help maximize clinical efficacy while mini...
ConclusionsReflux is common after POEM. A majority of patients with a positive BRAVO study are asymptomatic, which is concerning. Objective follow-up is of paramount importance with upper endoscopy and ambulatory pH monitoring being the gold standard. Elevated preoperative Eckardt score and esophagitis are associated with post-POEM reflux. This population warrants close surveillance.
AbstractObjectivesDiagnostic workup after febrile urinary tract infections (fUTIs) in children remains a matter of debate. The authors aimed to evaluate multiple parameters in order to design a predictive tool enabling a targeted indication of voiding cystourethrography (VCUG).MethodsRecords of 383 consecutive children who underwent a VCUG as well as a dimercaptosuccinic-acid (DMSA) scan after febrile urinary tract infections (fUTIs) at a single institution between 04/2009 and 06/2014 were reviewed. Twenty parameters were recorded. After regression analysis, 6 parameters were incorporated into a computational tool aiming a...
Conditions: Gastroesophageal Reflux; Sleeve Gastrectomy; Bariatric Surgery Complication Intervention: Device: EndoFLIP measurement Sponsor: Mayo Clinic Not yet recruiting
In the paper by Angrisani et al, the authors tackle an important question, namely; what are the long term outcomes regarding gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in patients undergoing sleeve gastrectomy (SG) ? Many surgeons consider GERD to be the Achilles heel of the SG, and it is one of the main reasons for conversion of the SG to other procedures such as the gastric bypass . The last International Consensus Conference on SG demonstrated that over 50% of surgeons considered GERD to be a relative contrindication to the SG, and also that hiatal hernias (HH) should be repaired when encountered .