Cancers, Vol. 12, Pages 869: Disruption of Glycogen Utilization Markedly Improves the Efficacy of Carboplatin against Preclinical Models of Clear Cell Ovarian Carcinoma

Cancers, Vol. 12, Pages 869: Disruption of Glycogen Utilization Markedly Improves the Efficacy of Carboplatin against Preclinical Models of Clear Cell Ovarian Carcinoma Cancers doi: 10.3390/cancers12040869 Authors: Tashbib Khan Yaowu He Thomas Kryza Brittney S. Harrington Jennifer H. Gunter Mitchell A. Sullivan Tahleesa Cuda Rebecca Rogers Claire M. Davies Amy Broomfield Madeline Gough Andy C. Wu Thomas McGann S. John Weroha Paul Haluska Josephine M. Forbes Jane E. Armes Sinead C. Barry Jermaine I. Coward Nisha Jagasia Naven Chetty Cameron E. Snell Rohan Lourie Lewis C. Perrin John D. Hooper High stage and recurrent ovarian clear cell carcinoma (OCC) are associated with poor prognosis and resistance to chemotherapy. A distinguishing histological feature of OCC is abundant cytoplasmic stores of glucose, in the form of glycogen, that can be mobilized for cellular metabolism. Here, we report the effect on preclinical models of OCC of disrupting glycogen utilization using the glucose analogue 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2DG). At concentrations significantly lower than previously reported for other cancers, 2DG markedly improves the efficacy in vitro of carboplatin chemotherapy against chemo-sensitive TOV21G and chemo-resistant OVTOKO OCC cell lines, and this is accompanied by the depletion of glycogen. Of note, 2DG doses—of more than 10-fold lower than previously reported for other cancers—significantly improve th...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research

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ng Yang Jen-Ruei Chen Debulking surgery followed by systemic chemotherapy—including three-weekly intravenous paclitaxel and carboplatin (GOG-158)—is the cornerstone for advanced epithelial ovarian, fallopian tubal, and peritoneal cancer (EOC) treatment. In this scenario, Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage, cell types, completeness of surgery, lymph nodes (LN) status, adjuvant chemotherapy regimens, survival status, progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS) of 192 patients diagnosed as having stage IIIA1–IVB EOC over January 2008–December 2017 ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
In conclusion, adjuvant nonpaclitaxel chemotherapy and laparoscopic tumor spillage before the staging operation did not worsen the outcome in stage IC OCCC. Positive washing cytology has a negative effect on PFS but not on OS.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Brain metastasis is a rare and generally late manifestation of an advanced-stage, high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma. Nowadays, the improved control of intra-abdominal disease by surgery and platinum-based chemotherapy results in a longer survival, allowing distant metastasis to implant and grow in the brain parenchyma. Herein, we describe a unique case of a cerebellar metastasis from clear cell ovarian carcinoma that initially presented as a FIGO Stage IC cancer. Surprisingly, 6 mo after surgery, the patient was in good condition with complete disappearance of symptoms and no evidence of recurrence. This relativel...
Source: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: PATHOLOGY OF THE UPPER TRACT: CASE REPORTS Source Type: research
ConclusionsEndometriosis is not independently associated with the prognosis of OEC and OCCC among young patients. The intrinsic relationship between endometriosis and ovarian cancer warrants further investigation.
Source: European Journal of Surgical Oncology (EJSO) - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
AbstractPatients with advanced stage ovarian clear cell carcinoma (OCCC) have a poor prognosis due to resistance to conventional platinum chemotherapy. Recent studies have demonstrated that PI3K/AKT/mTOR and ERK1/2 signaling pathways are involved in this chemoresistance. Progranulin (PGRN) overexpression contributes to cisplatin resistance of epithelial ovarian cancer cell lines. Also, PGRN expression is regulated by AKT/mTOR and ERK1/2 signaling pathways in different cell types. Thus, the present study was designed to identify if PGRN expression is regulated by AKT, mTOR, and ERK1/2 signaling pathways in the OCCC cell lin...
Source: Medical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Authors: Ishikura N, Yorozu K, Kurasawa M, Yanagisawa M, Sugimoto M, Yamamoto K Abstract Although bevacizumab maintenance following bevacizumab in combination with chemotherapy has demonstrated significant prolongation of progression-free survival in clinical studies in patients with ovarian cancer, the majority of the cancer cases in the study were of the serous histotype; therefore, data regarding clear cell carcinoma is limited. Furthermore, the efficacy of bevacizumab beyond progression has not yet been demonstrated in ovarian cancer. A xenograft model using the human ovarian clear cell carcinoma cell line RMG-...
Source: Oncology Reports - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Rep Source Type: research
This study revealed the possible occurrence and recurrence risk factors of ovarian endometriosis malignancy using univariate and multivariate statistics analyses. What are the implications of these findings for clinical practice and/or further research? A clinical retrospective study with a longer follow-up period is suggested for assessing the occurrence and recurrence risk factors for ovarian endometriosis malignancies. PMID: 31307261 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research
This study protocol was approved by the Institutional Review Board of the hospital. Data Collection Demographic and clinical data were retrieved from medical records in the hospital’s centralized database. These data included the age at diagnosis, International Federation of Obstetrics and Gynecologic (FIGO) stage, tumor histology and grade, type of surgery, and types and cycles of chemotherapy. Disease staging was based on the 2014 FIGO staging system. Optimal debulking surgery was defined as residual tumors with maximal diameters less than 1 cm; the others were defined as suboptimal debulking surgery. Disease rec...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate whether combining anti-PD-L1 Atezolizumab with BEV may have a synergistic effect and enhance the efficacy of both treatments in cisplatin resistant epithelial ovarian cancer (CREOC). We retrospectively analyzed 124 epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) patients from Gynecologic Oncology Department of Tianjin Cancer Hospital between January 2013 and June 2018, who all were diagnosed with cisplatin resistance due to progressing
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Clara Degos1, Mellie Heinemann2, Julien Barrou2, Nicolas Boucherit1, Eric Lambaudie2, Ariel Savina3†, Laurent Gorvel1* and Daniel Olive1* 1Tumor Immunology Team, IBISA Immunomonitoring Platform, Cancer Research Center of Marseillle, INSERM U1068, CNRS U7258, Institut Paoli-Calmettes, Aix-Marseille University, Marseille, France 2Department of Surgical Oncology 2, CNRS, INSERM, Institut Paoli-Calmettes, CRCM, Aix-Marseille University, Marseille, France 3Institut Roche, Boulogne Billancourt, France Endometrial Cancer is the most common cancer in the female genital tract in developed countries, and with its ...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
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