Induction of brain-derived neurotrophic factor in enteric glial cells stimulated by interleukin-1 β via a c-Jun N-terminal kinase pathway.

Induction of brain-derived neurotrophic factor in enteric glial cells stimulated by interleukin-1β via a c-Jun N-terminal kinase pathway. J Clin Biochem Nutr. 2020 Mar;66(2):103-109 Authors: Fukumoto M, Takeuchi T, Koubayashi E, Harada S, Ota K, Kojima Y, Higuchi K Abstract Brain-derived neurotrophic factor exhibits neurotropic and neuroprotective functions and is increased in the colonic mucosa of patients with irritable bowel syndrome in correlation with the severity and frequency of abdominal pain. However, there are no reports of brain-derived neurotrophic factor expression in enteric glial cells. We evaluated the mRNA and protein expressions of brain-derived neurotrophic factor in enteric glial cells and culture medium and levels of mitogen-activated protein kinase after stimulation with interleukin-1β. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor mRNA expression was increased by interleukin-1β (3.125-75 ng/ml) and time-dependently increased 3-fold (24 h) and 4-fold (48 h) by interleukin-1β (50 ng/ml). Pro- and mature brain-derived neurotrophic factor proteins were both significantly increased at 48 h by interleukin-1β. However, the mature form was predominant in the cultured medium. Interleukin-1β increased phosphorylated-p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase expressions 2-fold higher at 5 and 15 min, and also phosphorylated-c-Jun N-terminal kinase expression 5-fold at 5 min and 10-fold at 15 ...
Source: Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Tags: J Clin Biochem Nutr Source Type: research

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Women who develop bladder pain syndrome (BPS), irritable bowel syndrome, or dyspareunia frequently have an antecedent history of dysmenorrhea. Despite the high prevalence of menstrual pain, its role in chronic pelvic pain emergence remains understudied. We systematically characterized bladder, body, and vaginal mechanical sensitivity with quantitative sensory testing in women with dysmenorrhea (DYS, n = 147), healthy controls (HCs) (n = 37), and women with BPS (n = 25). Previously, we have shown that a noninvasive, bladder-filling task identified a subset of women with both dysmenorrhea and silent bladder pain hypersensiti...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Abstract Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) is a connective tissue disorder characterized by joint hypermobility and skin extensibility and is often accompanied by chronic pain. Rhythmic sensory stimulation (RSS) can be defined as the stimulation of the senses in a periodic manner within a range of low frequencies. Music plus sound delivered through a vibroacoustic device is a form of RSS and has demonstrated utility in managing pain. In this current study, we conducted an open-label pilot study of 15 patients with hypermobile EDS using RSS as the intervention. Posttreatment improvements were seen in 11 of the 15 patien...
Source: Pain Research and Management - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Pain Res Manag Source Type: research
Tuft cells are rare chemosensory sentinels found in the gut epithelium. When triggered by helminth infection, tuft cells secrete interleukin-25 (IL-25) basolaterally and subsequently evoke an immune response. Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common and heterogeneous disorder characterized by bowel dysfunction and visceral pain sensitivity. Dysfunctional gut-brain communication and immune activation contribute to the pathophysiology of this disorder. The study aims were to investigate changes in tuft cell density in non-post-infectious IBS patients. Immunofluorescent labeling of DCLK1-positive tuft cells was carried out ...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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Source: BMC Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
To test the hypothesis that the prevalence of joint hypermobility is greater in children with irritable bowel syndrome and functional abdominal pain than in healthy control children and is related to gastrointestinal symptoms and psychosocial distress (anxiety, depression, and somatization).
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CONCLUSIONS: This study on dry eye confirmed but also refuted many risk factors from smaller epidemiological studies, and discovered numerous new risk factors in multiple etiological categories. The finding that dry eye symptoms are particularly common in young adults is concerning, and warrants further study. PMID: 32376389 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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Source: Wheat Belly Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Open gluten-free grain-free grains wheat belly Source Type: blogs
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