Proper Disposal of Prescription Opioids in Southwest Virginia: Assessment of Patient, Physician, and Medical Student Beliefs and Practices

Conclusions: The discrepancy between patient and physician responses highlights a lack of communication regarding disposal of unused opioid medications and is a target for future intervention.
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports: Research Full Report Source Type: research

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BACKGROUND: There have been significant efforts to respond to the two public health emergencies of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and overdose in British Columbia (BC), Canada. The purpose of this study was to quantify the prevalence of known risk fac...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
BACKGROUND: From 1999 to 2017, more than 400,000 Americans died from a drug overdose death involving an opioid. Early surveillance studies have observed large variations in opioid-involved overdose deaths among different geographic regions and racial/ethni...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
(Bentham Science Publishers) In the past two decades more than 700,000 people have died from a drug overdose in the United States. In 2017, more than 68% of the drug overdose deaths involved an opioid. To help stem this epidemic, Highmark Inc. developed, implemented and evaluated a series of quality management-focused opioid interventions utilizing a three-pronged public health approach.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
(National Institute for Health and Welfare) Despite the fact that the Nordic countries are often seen as ideal in practically every global ranking of quality of life and social equality, the number of drug-related deaths in these countries are among the highest in Europe.
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
(University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine) The majority of commercially insured patients who visited the emergency department (ED) for an opioid overdose didn't receive the timely follow-up care known to help prevent a future overdose or death. Of nearly 6,500 patients treated in EDs nationwide for an overdose or other opioid-related medical complications, only 16 percent accessed opioid use disorder (OUD) medications or another form of treatment within three months of the ED visit
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
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Source: Clinical Toxicology - Category: Toxicology Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract Previous studies suggest that genistein protects liver from acetaminophen (APAP)-induced injury, however, the detailed mechanism of the process is still incompletely. Therefore, present study was to investigate the potential mechanism of the genistein mediated protection against APAP-induced hepatotoxicity. As shown, supplementation with 150 mg/kg genistein greatly alleviated the increase in serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) activity, aspartate aminotransferase (AST) activity, hepatic malondialdehyde (MDA) contents, and reversed the decrease in hepatic GSH levels in response to overdose APAP. At t...
Source: Biochemical and Biophysical Research communications - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Biochem Biophys Res Commun Source Type: research
Abstract Effective therapies for Methamphetamine (METH) induced stereotyped behavior are still being explored. It is unclear whether Neuropeptide S (NPS) is involved in the mechanism of METH-induced stereotyped behavior. In the contemporary behavioral study, pretreatment with NPS reduces stereotyped circling significantly, but didn't have any impact on the total incidence of stereotypy and stereotyped sniffing and biting induced by METH (10 mg/kg). When METH (10 mg/kg) was administered to rats, the level of NPS in the cerebrospinal fluid was not affected, but pretreatment with NPS reversed METH-induced g...
Source: Biochemical and Biophysical Research communications - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Biochem Biophys Res Commun Source Type: research
North America is experiencing an unprecedented overdose crisis driven by the proliferation of fentanyl and its analogues in the illicit drug supply. In 2018 there were 67,367 drug overdose deaths in the United States, and since 2016, there have been more t...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
Nonfatal drug overdoses treated in US emergency departments have increased for every type of drug except benzodiazepines, the CDC has reported.
Source: JAMA - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
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