Reasons for worldwide decline in male fertility

Purpose of review To review the evidence regarding a decrease in worldwide sperm parameters and discuss potential causative factors. Recent findings The topic of worldwide decline in sperm parameters is contentious; however, recent high-quality studies have demonstrated that there is indeed a decline in sperm parameters. Several retrospective and basic science studies have shown possible links for this decline in sperm parameters such as obesity, diet, and environmental toxins. Summary There exist substantial data to suggest a decline in sperm counts over time. Although causative factors have yet to be fully elucidated, potential causes include, increased rates of obesity, poor diet, and exposure to environmental toxins. How this decline in sperm counts reflects fertility has yet to be determined. As such, further studies are necessary to evaluate whether this decline in sperm count correlates with decreased fecundity and how to identify and mitigate potential causative factors.
Source: Current Opinion in Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: GENDER MEDICINE, INFERTILITY AND ERECTILE FUNCTION: Edited by Ryan Flannigan and Ranjith Ramasamy Source Type: research

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The impact of female abnormalities of body mass index (BMI) and its association with subfertility and increased time to pregnancy (TTP) have been well-characterized (1). This may be due to the impact of BMI on ovulatory status in women, though TTP is increased even among women with a high BMI and reportedly regular cycles (2). Patients with higher BMIs, those in the overweight and obese categories, are at increased risk for gestational issues including gestational diabetes, hypertension, and difficulty with fetal monitoring.
Source: Fertility and Sterility - Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Tags: Reflections Source Type: research
In this study, we tested the hypothesis that, in infer...
Source: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
In conclusion, it remains unclear if brain-specific regional and temporal changes occur in the expression of the different APP variants during AD progression. Since APP is also found in blood cells, assessing the changes in APP mRNA expression in peripheral blood cells from AD patients has been considering an alternative. However, again the quantification of APP mRNA in peripheral blood cells has generated controversial results. Brain APP protein has been analyzed in only a few studies, probably as it is difficult to interpret the complex pattern of APP variants and fragments. We previously characterized the soluabl...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSION: In the short term, this MBP did not affect weight loss in infertile women, but the MBP intervention contributed to reduce waist circumference, possibly due to a significant decrease in food energy intake. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: RBR-7by76r. PMID: 32972271 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Psychosom Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research
Significant evidence links poor overall health with male infertility: Strong associations link infertility with obesity, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, autoimmune diseases, as well as premature mortality (1). In their systematic review and meta-analysis published in this issue of Fertility and Sterility, del Giudice et  al. review the existing literature assessing the association between male-factor infertility and the risk of later developing male-specific genitourinary malignancies. Their study demonstrates that male infertility conveys a significant risk for developing both testicular cancer (risk ratio [RR]...
Source: Fertility and Sterility - Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Tags: Reflections Source Type: research
Fight Aging! publishes news and commentary relevant to the goal of ending all age-related disease, to be achieved by bringing the mechanisms of aging under the control of modern medicine. This weekly newsletter is sent to thousands of interested subscribers. To subscribe or unsubscribe from the newsletter, please visit: https://www.fightaging.org/newsletter/ Longevity Industry Consulting Services Reason, the founder of Fight Aging! and Repair Biotechnologies, offers strategic consulting services to investors, entrepreneurs, and others interested in the longevity industry and its complexities. To find out m...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
This study provides further evidence that maternal PCOS and/or anovulatory infertility, independently and jointly with maternal obesity, perinatal problems, gestational diabetes and cesarean delivery, implies a broad range of adverse effects on offspring neurodevelopment. These findings may potentially help in counseling and managing pregnancies.STUDY FUNDING/COMPETING INTEREST(S)This study was supported by the joint research funding of Shandong University and Karolinska Institute (SDU-KI-2019-08 to X.C and C.L.), THL Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare: Drug and pregnancy project [M.G.], the Swedish Research Council ...
Source: Human Reproduction - Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeAs obesity becomes increasingly prevalent, its impact on fertility has been a subject of great debate. Nearly all prior research is retrospective and evaluates obesity utilizing body mass index (BMI), which may overestimate adiposity in individuals with a greater amount of lean muscle and underestimate adiposity in those with less muscle mass.MethodsWe prospectively evaluated 2013 couples undergoing infertility treatment with in vitro fertilization (IVF). Percent body fat (%BF) was measured by use of a bioelectric impedance analysis (BIA) scale at baseline. BMI was also determined. Ovarian reserve parameters...
Source: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics - Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: There is significant evidence that obesity resulted in male infertility. obesity has negative effect on male reproductive function via several mechanisms such as inflammation and oxidative stress. PMID: 32814535 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Diabetes Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Curr Diabetes Rev Source Type: research
Authors: Plunk EC, Richards SM Abstract The epigenome of an individual can be altered by endogenous hormones, environment, age, diet, and exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs), and the effects of these modifications can be seen across generations. Epigenetic modifications to the genome can alter the phenotype of the individual without altering the DNA sequence itself. Epigenetic modifications include DNA methylation, histone modification, and aberrant microRNA (miRNA) expression; they begin during germ cell development and embryogenesis and continue until death. Hormone modulation occurs during the agei...
Source: International Journal of Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Int J Endocrinol Source Type: research
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