Alcohol and other drugs in suicide in Canada: opportunities to support prevention through enhanced monitoring - Orpana H, Giesbrecht N, Hajee A, Kaplan MS.

The use of alcohol and other drugs has been identified as a significant factor related to suicide through multiple pathways. This paper highlights current understanding of their contributions to suicide in Canada and identifies opportunities for enhancing ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

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Resumo A viol ência contra a pessoa idosa desenha-se como um problema de saúde pública de complexa administração. É de fundamental importância conhecer seus fatores associados, com ênfase em cada tipo de violência, para possibilitar a criação de políticas públicas baseadas em evidências. Objetivou-s e realizar uma revisão sistemática da literatura de estudos epidemiológicos analíticos sobre os fatores associados à violência contra idosos. Para a pesquisa bibliográfica utilizou-se quat...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research
PURPOSE: Bariatric surgery (BS) is considered the most effective treatment for severe obesity. Nevertheless, long-term studies have identified some concerning issues, such as increased postoperative rates of suicide and substance use disorders. Some invest...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
BACKGROUND: In western countries, there is a negative association between religious belief and suicide risk, while in China this association is positive. Nevertheless, few data are available on the association between one specific type of religion and suic...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
BACKGROUND: Acute use of alcohol is a robust risk factor for suicide, reported in approximately one- to two-fifths of suicide cases. Comparisons of risk factors between suicides with and without prior acute alcohol consumption have not been investigated in...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of hormonal contraceptive use over the risk of suicide. METHOD: Systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies retrieved from five search engines until September 2019, comparing the use of any hormonal cont...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
BACKGROUND: Suicidal thinking during non-fatal overdose may elevate risk for future completed suicide or intentional overdose. Long-term outcomes following an intentional non-fatal overdose may be improved through specific intervention and prevention respo...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
AbstractEarly adulthood is a critical life period associated with increased suicide risk. The present study used a sample of students from ten Ukrainian public universities (N = 1005). Participants were 17 to 24 years of age (M = 19.19, SD = 1.99). The prevalence of lifetime suicidal ideation was 26.13% and 5.45% of participants reported a lifetime suicide attempt. Participants were more likely to report higher lifetime suicidal ideation if they had higher rates of alcohol and marijuana use, have met a clinical cu toff point for depression and were older, females, and not affi...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
OBJECTIVES: Alcohol use has several consequences and is one of the variables that increase risk of suicide. This meta-analysis was performed using cohort studies to clarify the association of alcohol use and suicide.METHOD: Scientific sources were ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
Behavioral health (BH) complaints, including suicidal ideation (SI) and alcohol, are common in US Emergency Departments (EDs), [1-3]. The CDC published data in 2018 demonstrating a 25% overall increase in ED visits for SI and/or self-directed violence [4]. Additionally, the CDC reported that 24.5% of the population  > 12 years old engaged in binge alcohol use in 2017 [5]. A public health crisis occurred with the onset of novel coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19). Current “stay at home” orders have reduced human contact through social distancing [6].
Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn addition to confirming the role of MDD, we demonstrate that ADHD and schizophrenia likely play a role in the aetiology of self-harm using multivariate genetic designs for causal inference. Among the many individual risk factors we simultaneously considered, our findings suggest that systematic detection and treatment of core psychiatric symptoms, including psychotic and impulsivity symptoms, may be beneficial among people at risk for self-harm.
Source: PLoS Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
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