Insulin Autoimmune Syndrome (Hirata Disease): A Comprehensive Review Fifty Years After Its First Description

Source: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy Source Type: research

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Abstract Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease of the central nervous system. The exact etiology is unknown. However, genetic and environmental factors are suggested to be involved in the pathogenesis of MS. Improper diet resulting in obesity and metabolic syndrome can contribute to this disease. Adipokines, secreted by adipose tissue, are linking metabolism and immune system. We aimed to assess plasma levels of selected adipokines in newly diagnosed, treatment-naïve individuals with multiple sclerosis. Our group comprised 58 individuals (31 MS patients and 27 controls, matched for age and BMI) wit...
Source: Endokrynologia Polska - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Endokrynol Pol Source Type: research
Authors: Dalmády S, Kemény L, Antal M, Gyulai R Abstract Introduction: Psoriasis is a chronic autoimmune skin disease with strong genetic background and environmental triggers. Patients with psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis are at greater risk of developing other chronic and potentially severe comorbidities, such as psoriatic arthritis, hyperlipidemia, type 2 diabetes mellitus, obesity, metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular diseases or depression. Recently, accumulating epidemiologic, genetic and pathogenetic evidence indicates that psoriasis is also associated with periodontitis, a chronic progressive ...
Source: Expert Review of Clinical Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Expert Rev Clin Immunol Source Type: research
EchoSens creates non-invasive liver diagnosis medical devices. The company’s line of products, called FibroScan, work by measuring the speed of ultrasound waves as they move through liver tissue. This measurement can tell us about the state of ...
Source: Medgadget - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Diagnostics Exclusive GI Medicine Source Type: blogs
Purpose of review To summarize recent developments in the association of thyroid function with metabolic syndrome (MetS). Recent findings Although thyroid hormones even within low normal range are associated with various metabolic abnormalities, the risk of MetS remains a controversial issue. Hyperthyroid state might be associated only with insulin resistance and dysglycemia. Autoimmune thyroid diseases may be a potential risk factor for metabolic abnormalities even in those with low normal thyroid function. Summary The interrelation between thyroid stimulating hormone, free T3, freeT4 and metabolic parameters is c...
Source: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes and Obesity - Category: Endocrinology Tags: THYROID: Edited by Angela M. Leung Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Isolated increased TSH level is common in obese adolescents, although there is no correlation between TSH, fT3, and fT4 levels and BMI SDS value. Isolated increased TSH level is not associated with the occurrence of MS in obese adolescents. The occurrence of asymptomatic autoimmune thyroiditis (AITD) in obese adolescents is more common than in the general population. PMID: 31343126 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Pediatric Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Pediatr Endocrinol Diabetes Metab Source Type: research
Authors: Mok CC Abstract INTRODUCTION: The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is now recognized as a chronic proinflammatory and prothrombotic state that aggravates insulin resistance, oxidative injury and cardiovascular risk. MetS is more prevalent in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), a prototype of systemic autoimmune disease associated with premature atherosclerosis that cannot be accounted by traditional vascular risk factors alone. Dysregulation of the cytokines and adipokines is a common feature in both SLE and MetS, suggesting a complex relationship among autoimmunity, obesity, inflammation and athero...
Source: Expert Review of Clinical Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Expert Rev Clin Immunol Source Type: research
We examined 42 healthy female physique athletes (age 27.5 ± 4.0 years, body mass index 23.4 ± 1.7 kg/m2) volunteered into either a diet group (n = 25) or a control group (n = 17). For the diet group, the energy intake was reduced and exercise levels were increased to induce loss of fat mass that was subsequently regained during a recovery period. The control group was instructed to maintain their typical lifestyle, exercise levels, and energy intake at a constant level. For quantification of systems biology markers, fasting blood samples were drawn at three time points: baseline (PRE), at the end of the weigh...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Alessandro Poggi1*, Roberto Benelli2, Roberta Venè1, Delfina Costa1, Nicoletta Ferrari1, Francesca Tosetti1 and Maria Raffaella Zocchi3 1Molecular Oncology and Angiogenesis Unit, IRCCS Ospedale Policlinico San Martino, Genoa, Italy 2Immunology Unit, IRCCS Ospedale Policlinico San Martino, Genoa, Italy 3Division of Immunology, Transplantation and Infectious Diseases, IRCCS San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy It is well established that natural killer (NK) cells are involved in both innate and adaptive immunity. Indeed, they can recognize molecules induced at the cell surface by stress signals ...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Hongxiao Jiao1, Yong Zang2, Miaomiao Zhang2, Yuan Zhang2, Yaogang Wang3, Kai Wang4,5*, R. Arlen Price6* and Wei-Dong Li2* 1Research Center of Basic Medical Sciences, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China 2Department of Genetics, College of Basic Medical Sciences, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China 3College of Public Health, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China 4Raymond G. Perelman Center for Cellular and Molecular Therapeutics, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, United States 5Laboratory Medicine, Department of Pathology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, ...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Conclusion The periconceptional environment and lifestyle factors modify sperm epigenome. This alteration might be maintained in the zygote and throughout development, thereby leading to the inheritance of newly acquired pathologies. The role of sperm miRNA, not only as innovative markers of fertility issues but also as vectors involved in the inheritance of paternal diseases, appears to be crucial. Overweight and obesity seem to alter sperm miRNA profile, thereby leading to transmission of different miRNA profiles in zygote, with consequences on embryo development. In long term, metabolic disorders have been described in...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
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