Evaluation of cinnamon extract effects on clbB gene expression and biofilm formation in Escherichia coli strains isolated from colon cancer patients

Colon cancer is one of the most common malignancies and the fourth leading cause of cancer-related mortality in the world. Colibactin, which is synthesized by the pks genomic island of E. coli interfere with the ...
Source: BMC Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research

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John Souglakos Dysbiosis has been associated with various diseases and is of major health importance. Dysbiosis leads to microbial translocation, which is the passage of microorganisms, their fragments, or their metabolites from the intestinal lumen into the blood circulation and other sites. The aim of the study was to determine whether microbial translocation occurs in stage II/III-IV colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. The aim was also to evaluate the usefulness of blood PCR for diagnosis of such translocation and correlate the presence of toll-like receptor/vitamin D receptor (TLR/VDR) gene polymorphisms with micr...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Abstract The development of colorectal cancer (CRC) is a multistep process initiated by a benign polyp that has the potential to evolve into in situ carcinoma through the interactions between environmental and genetic factors. CRC incidence rates are constantly increased for young adult patients presenting an advanced tumor stage. The majority of CRCs arise from colonic adenomas originating from aberrant cell proliferation of colon epithelium. Endoscopic polypectomy represents a tool for early detection and removal of polyps, although the occurrence of cancers after negative colonoscopy shows a significant inciden...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
ConclusionWe described a protein truncation mutation, APC: p.W553X; demonstrated the value of APC-linked STR markers (D5S299, D5S134, and D5S346) haplotypes; and suggested the potential role of these haplotypes in detecting loss of heterozygosity of the APC gene.
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
(Hubrecht Institute) Cancer mutations can be caused by common gut bacteria. By exposing human mini-guts to a particular strain of Escherichia coli, scientist uncovered that these bacteria induce a unique mutational pattern in human DNA. This pattern was also found in colon cancer patients, implying that the bacteria induced these mutations. For the first time the researchers establish a direct link between microbes and mutations driving tumorigenesis. This might lead to new measures in colorectal cancer prevention.
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news
Casitas B-lineage lymphoma (c-Cbl) is a recently identified ubiquitin ligase of nuclear β-catenin and a suppressor of colorectal cancer (CRC) growth in cell culture and mouse tumor xenografts. We hypothesized that reduction in c-Cbl in colonic epithelium is likely to increase the levels of nuclear β-catenin in the intestinal crypt, augmenting CRC tumorigenesis in an adenomatous polyp osis coli (APCΔ14/+) mouse model. Haploinsufficient c-Cbl mice (APCΔ14/+ c-Cbl+/−) displayed a significant (threefold) increase in atypical hyperplasia and adenocarcinomas in the small and large intestines; however,...
Source: American Journal of Pathology - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: GASTROINTESTINAL, HEPATOBILIARY, AND PANCREATIC PATHOLOGY Source Type: research
This study demonstrates that haploinsufficiency of c-Cbl results in Wnt hyperactivation in intestinal crypts and accelerates CRC progression to adenocarcinoma in the milieu of APCΔ14/+, a phenomenon not found with wild-type APC. While emphasizing the role of APC as a gatekeeper in CRC, this study also demonstrates that combined partial loss of c-Cbl and inactivation of APC significantly contribute to CRC tumorigenesis. PMID: 32113662 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The American Journal of Pathology - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Am J Pathol Source Type: research
This study demonstrates that fluid flow application initiates changes in intestinal epithelial cell characteristics relative to those of static culture conditions under both baseline conditions and with exposure to ST enterotoxin and suggests that further investigations of the application of these mechanical forces will provide insights into physiology and pathophysiology that more closely resemble intact intestine than study under static conditions.
Source: Infection and Immunity - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Molecular Pathogenesis Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 February 2020Source: International Journal of PharmaceuticsAuthor(s): Amin Afkhami-Poostchi, Mansour Mashreghi, Mehrdad Iranshahi, Maryam M. MatinAbstractBacteria-directed enzyme prodrug therapy (BDEPT), is an emerging alternative directed and tumor-specific approach. The basis of this method is the conversion of a non-toxic prodrug by a bacterial enzyme to a toxic drug within the tumor-microenvironment (TME). In the present study, the therapeutic efficacy of BDEPT was investigated based on the ability of Escherichia coli DH5α-lux/βG in activation of glycyrrhizic acid (GL), ...
Source: International Journal of Pharmaceutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Therefore, apart from probable anti-cancerous effect of rTC-1 on C26-A and SW1353 cell lines, this peptide may be able to mimic the anti-cancerous pathway of IL-8. PMID: 32072885 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Protein and Peptide Letters - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Protein Pept Lett Source Type: research
unquist The goal of our study was to measure the kinetics of human colorectal cancer (CRC) development in order to identify aberrant mechanisms in tissue dynamics and processes that contribute to colon tumorigenesis. The kinetics of tumor development were investigated using age-at-tumor diagnosis (adenomas and CRCs) of familial adenomatous coli (FAP) patients and sporadic CRC patients. Plots of age-at-tumor diagnosis data as a function of age showed a distinct sigmoidal-shaped curve that is characteristic of an autocatalytic reaction. Consequently, we performed logistics function analysis and found an excellent fit (p ...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
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