GSE123192 Reveal the atlas of infiltrated B lymphocytes in breast cancer by paired single-cell RNA and BCR sequencing
Contributor : Yu ZhangSeries Type : Expression profiling by high throughput sequencingOrganism : Homo sapiensDescription of breast cancer infiltrating lymphocyte through large scale single cell sequencing.While it has been well-recognized that T-cell mediated adaptive cellular immunity plays important roles in cancer immune response and tumor control, the roles of B lymphocytes in tumor development and therapy have only been proposed until recently, and are still mostly controversial. To gain mechanistic insights into the origin and dynamics of tumor infiltrated immune cells, especially B lymphocytes, we combined single cell RNA-sequencing and antigen receptor lineage analysis to characterize a large number of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) infiltrated immune cells. Here we present a comprehensive atlas of infiltrated B-lymphocytes in TNBC, where various B memory cell subgroups demonstrated a continuous transcription gradient. Further studies on the characterization of all infiltrated immune cell types in TNBC and mechanisms how TNBC escaped from immunosurveillance in human patients will provide essential guidance for immunotherapy of TNBC.
Bacteria were first detected in human tumors more than 100 years ago, but the characterization of the tumor microbiome has remained challenging because of its low biomass. We undertook a comprehensive analysis of the tumor microbiome, studying 1526 tumors and their adjacent normal tissues across seven cancer types, including breast, lung, ovary, pancreas, melanoma, bone, and brain tumors. We found that each tumor type has a distinct microbiome composition and that breast cancer has a particularly rich and diverse microbiome. The intratumor bacteria are mostly intracellular and are present in both cancer and immune cells. W...
Conclusion Contactin-1 IgG has a distinct sensory predominant presentation commonly associated with neuropathic pain, with demyelinating changes on electrophysiologic studies. A paraneoplastic cause should be considered. Testing of contactin-1 IgG among cases with similar presentations may guide immunotherapy selection, especially second-line immunotherapy consideration.
(European Society for Medical Oncology) Two novel biomarkers have been found to correlate with improved outcomes with immunotherapy in metastatic breast cancer and may help to identify the patients most likely to benefit from this treatment, according to exploratory studies reported at the ESMO Breast Cancer Virtual Meeting 2020.
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In this study, we investigated the antitumor activities of H2Mab-19 in pancreatic cancer xenograft models. We selected MIA PaCa-2, a pancreatic cancer cell line which expresses HER2. H2Mab-19 showed high binding affinity (KD: 1.2 × 10-8 M) against MIA PaCa-2 cells. Furthermore, H2Mab-19 significantly reduced tumor development in a MIA PaCa-2 xenograft model. These results suggest that treatment with H2Mab-19 may be a useful therapy for patients with HER2-expressing pancreatic cancers. PMID: 32423281 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
This study provides direct evidence for the contribution of gut microbiota to the cognitive decline during normal aging and suggests that restoring microbiota homeostasis in the elderly may improve cognitive function. On Nutraceutical Senolytics https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2020/05/on-nutraceutical-senolytics/ Nutraceuticals are compounds derived from foods, usually plants. In principle one can find useful therapies in the natural world, taking the approach of identifying interesting molecules and refining them to a greater potency than naturally occurs in order to produce a usefully large therape...
This study is aimed at investigating the expression of CD155 and the association with prognosis and pathological features of breast cancer. Methods: 126 patients were recruited this cohort study consecutively, and CD155 expression on tumor cells was detected by immunohistochemistry. The Kaplan-Meier survival curve and Cox hazard regression model were used to estimate the association. Results: 38.1% patients had an overexpression of CD155, and the proportion of tumor cells with CD155 overexpression was 17%, 39%, 37%, and 62% among Luminal A, Luminal B, HER2-positive, and triple negative breast cancer cases, respectively (p
Immunotherapy using immune checkpoint blockade has revolutionized the treatment of many types of cancer. Radiation therapy (RT)--particularly when delivered at high doses using newer techniques – may be capable of generating systemic anti-tumor effects when combined with immunotherapy in breast cancer. These systemic effects might be due to the local immune-priming effects of RT resulting in the expansion and circulation of effector immune cells to distant sites. While this concept merit s further exploration, several challenges need to be overcome.
SummaryWith a main focus on the early stage triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), new data on immunotherapy in combination with chemotherapy, the role of capecitabine, the potential of circulating tumor DNA as a predictive tool in the postneoadjuvant setting and new treatment approaches were presented and disc ussed at the San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium (SABCS) 2019.
ineko Terao Enrico Garattini All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA), a recognized differentiating agent, has significant potential in the personalized/stratified treatment of breast cancer. The present study reports on the molecular mechanisms underlying the anti-tumor activity of ATRA in breast cancer. The work is based on transcriptomic experiments performed on ATRA-treated breast cancer cell-lines, short-term tissue cultures of patient-derived mammary-tumors and a xenograft model. ATRA upregulates gene networks involved in interferon-responses, immune-modulation and antigen-presentation in retinoid-sensitive cells and tum...