Blood Conservation Strategy at Time of Left Ventricular Assist Device Placement Improves Survival

Bleeding is the most common complication of left ventricular assist device (LVAD) placement. However, excessive transfusion has been linked to heart failure, stroke, and alloimmunization. We compared 90-day outcomes in patients receiving a blood conservation (BCS) versus liberal transfusion strategy during surgery and the subsequent 24 hours.
Source: The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: (356) Source Type: research

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Left ventricular assist devices (LVAD) are widely used as a support strategy for advanced heart failure. Complications such as thrombosis and bleeding have been linked to LVAD. We observed that LVAD implantation was followed by a sharp increase in serum levels of IgG natural antibodies (Nabs) recognizing oxidation-specific epitopes (OSE) and apoptotic cells. Nabs have been implicated in inflammatory reactions related to atherosclerosis, ischemic stroke and primary graft dysfunction following heart transplantation.
Source: The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: (1211) Source Type: research
This study shows that CA are released from periventricular and subpial regions to the cerebrospinal fluid and are present in the cervical lymph nodes, into which cerebrospinal fluid drains through the meningeal lymphatic system. We also show that CA can be phagocytosed by macrophages. We conclude that CA can act as containers that remove waste products from the brain and may be involved in a mechanism that cleans the brain. Moreover, we postulate that CA may contribute in some autoimmune brain diseases, exporting brain substances that interact with the immune system, and hypothesize that CA may contain brain markers that m...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
In this study, researchers studied 438,952 participants in the UK Biobank, who had a total of 24,980 major coronary events - defined as the first occurrence of non-fatal heart attack, ischaemic stroke, or death due to coronary heart disease. They used an approach called Mendelian randomisation, which uses naturally occurring genetic differences to randomly divide the participants into groups, mimicking the effects of running a clinical trial. People with genes associated with lower blood pressure, lower LDL cholesterol, and a combination of both were put into different groups, and compared against those without thes...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Left ventricular assist device (LVAD) surgery is a life-prolonging therapy for advanced heart failure (HF). Despite many improvements over the years, LVADs continue to be associated with a high incidence of stroke and other vascular complications such as gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB). At present, the pathogenesis of these complications during LVAD support remains unclear. Abnormal structure and hemodynamics in large arteries are a potential contributor. We hypothesized that structural abnormalities and flow alterations will be significantly associated with stroke and a composite outcome of stroke, GIB, and death in HF pa...
Source: The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: 401 Source Type: research
Left ventricular assist devices (LVAD) are widely used as a bridge to heart transplantation or destination therapy for advanced heart failure. However, hemocompatibility-related complications such as pump thrombosis, stroke and bleeding remain frequent. We previously reported that LVAD implantation is followed by a sharp increase in serum levels of IgG natural antibodies (Nabs) recognizing oxidation-specific epitopes (OSE). Nabs have been implicated in inflammatory reactions related to atherosclerosis, ischemic stroke and primary graft dysfunction following heart transplantation.
Source: The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: 606 Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: The Interagency Registry for Mechanically Assisted Circulatory Support (Intermacs), a joint effort among the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, the Food and Drug Administration, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, and others, was established in 2005 at the University of Alabama at Birmingham. The registry examined clinical outcomes and quality-of-life metrics of patients who received an Food and Drug Administration-approved durable mechanical circulatory support (MCS) device to treat advanced heart failure. On January 1, 2018, the Intermacs Database became part of The Socie...
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research
Publication date: February 2019Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery, Volume 107, Issue 2Author(s): Robert L. Kormos, Jennifer Cowger, Francis D. Pagani, Jeffrey J. Teuteberg, Daniel J. Goldstein, Jeffrey P. Jacobs, Robert S. Higgins, Lynne W. Stevenson, Josef Stehlik, Pavan Atluri, Kathleen L. Grady, James K. KirklinBackgroundThe Interagency Registry for Mechanically Assisted Circulatory Support (Intermacs), a joint effort among the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, the Food and Drug Administration, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, and others, was established in 2005 at the University of Alabama a...
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
The use of durable continuous-flow mechanical assist devices provides selected heart failure patients with both symptomatic and functional benefits; however, they are not without potential complications. Infection, thrombosis, stroke and GI bleeding are amongst the most commonly reported problems of left ventricular assist device (LVAD) therapy.1 –3 In addition, LVAD peripherals can be bulky and heavy for the patient to carry, causing joint stress, discomfort and reduced quality of life. Device miniaturization is one design trend that has enabled device implantation in patients with a broader range of body sizes, and...
Source: The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
The use of durable continuous-flow mechanical assist devices provides selected heart failure patients with both symptomatic and functional benefits; however, they are not without potential complications. Infection, thrombosis, stroke, and gastrointesinal bleeding are among the most commonly reported problems of left ventricular assist device (LVAD) therapy.1 –3 In addition, LVAD peripherals can be bulky and heavy for the patient to carry, causing joint stress, discomfort, and reduced quality of life.
Source: The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Case Anecdotes, Comments and Opinions Source Type: research
The use of durable continuous-flow mechanical assist devices provides selected heart failure patients with both symptomatic and functional benefits; however, they are not without potential complications. Infection, thrombosis, stroke and GI bleeding are amongst the most commonly reported problems of left ventricular assist device (LVAD) therapy.1 –3 In addition, LVAD peripherals can be bulky and heavy for the patient to carry, causing joint stress, discomfort and reduced quality of life. Device miniaturization is one design trend that has enabled device implantation in patients with a broader range of body sizes, and...
Source: The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
More News: Bleeding | Cardiology | Heart | Heart Failure | Heart Transplant | Lung Transplant | Stroke | Transplant Surgery | Transplants