Incidence of Complications following Volar Locking Plate Fixation of Distal Radius Fractures: An Analysis of 647 Cases
Conclusions: Volar plate osteosynthesis of distal radius fractures is associated with an overall low complication rate. Patient factors, including diabetes mellitus and obesity, and intraoperative factors, including intraarticular fracture alignment and plate prominence, were associated with a higher rate of complications or revision surgery. CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Risk, III.
AbstractPurposeThe purpose of this study is to compare clinical patient-reported outcomes and radiographic sagittal parameters between obese and non-obese patients following open posterior lumbar spine fusion (PLSF).MethodsA retrospective cohort study was conducted for patients who underwent open PLSF from 2011 to 2018. Patients were classified as obese as per Center for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines if their body mass index (BMI) ≥ 30 kg/m2. Preoperative and final visual analog scale (VAS) back pain, VAS leg pain, and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) were obtained for both obese and non-o...
In conclusion, intramedullary nailing of the femur shaft fractures was associated with a low risk of nonunion at the 1-year follow-up in the middle age group. Those with comorbidity such as obese, HTN, and DM, with fracture site at the proximal third junction or comminution should be followed up closely and rehabilitation with cause aggressively. Radiographic scale as the RUST score at postoperative 6 months could be used to predict this complication.
Maunil K. Desai1 and Roberta Diaz Brinton2,3* 1School of Pharmacy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, United States 2Center for Innovation in Brain Science, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, United States 3Departments of Pharmacology and Neurology, College of Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, United States Women have a higher incidence and prevalence of autoimmune diseases than men, and 85% or more patients of multiple autoimmune diseases are female. Women undergo sweeping endocrinological changes at least twice during their lifetime, puberty and menopause, with many women undergoin...
This study was undertaken to assess the prevalence of primary knee osteoarthritis (OA) in a sample of Egyptian patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS) and to examine the relationship of metabolic syndrome and its components with clinical, functional, and radiographic findings of knee OA. A total of 60 patients (55 females, 5 males) diagnosed as having MetS according to the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (ATP III) criteria and 30 obese subjects without MetS (24 females, 6 males), serving as a control group, were included in this study. All participants had completed preliminary questionnair...
ConclusionsThus, exclusion of the duodenum alone and tube placement can effectively prevent duodenal reflux and improve glucose homeostasis, which further suggests that the duodenum plays an important role in T2DM.
ConclusionWe found no association between metabolic syndrome and hand OA. The role of hypertension in hand OA pathogenesis warrants further investigation.
A 50-year-old woman with a 2-month history of intermittent cough presented at the respiratory medicine outpatient clinic. She had a long history of obesity, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus. Her vital signs were normal. Physical examination and routine blood tests were unremarkable. However, a simple radiograph showed bilateral perihilar infiltrates and diffuse reticulonodular lesions (Figure 1A). Thoracic high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) revealed bilateral, scattered ground-glass attenuation with interlobular septal thickening and intralobular lines (i.e., a crazy-paving appearance; Figure 1B).
ConclusionIn this study, treatment with anti‐RAGE IgG3 resulted in improved glucose tolerance and attenuated renal complications. However, no effect was observed on the diabetes‐associated periodontitis in Zucker obese rats. Furthermore, periodontitis had no effect on diabetic markers or renal complications. Therefore, activation of RAGE is important in the development of T2D.
CONCLUSION: Data from existing studies point to smoking and diabetes as biologic associated factors for peri-implantitis. However, the body of evidence is still immature, and the specific contribution of general health problems to peri-implantitis requires additional robust epidemiologic and clinical investigations. PMID: 26800167 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusions In our SAH population, higher BMI resulted in less short-term and long-term mortality, but no difference in functional outcome.