Subcutaneous Fat Reduction with Injected Ice Slurry
Background: Cryolipolysis is a noninvasive method for removal of subcutaneous fat for body contouring. Conventional cryolipolysis with topical cooling requires extracting heat from subcutaneous fat by conduction across the skin, thus limiting the amount and the location of the fat removed. The authors hypothesized that local injection of a physiological ice slurry directly into target adipose tissue would lead to more efficient and effective cryolipolysis. Methods: Injectable slurries containing 20 percent and 40 percent ice content were made using common parenteral agents (normal saline and glycerol), then locally injected into the subcutaneous fat of swine. Ultrasound imaging, photography, histological, and gross tissue responses were monitored before and periodically up to 8 weeks after injection. Results: Fat loss occurred gradually over several weeks following a single ice slurry injection. There was an obvious and significant 55 ± 6 percent reduction in adipose tissue thickness compared with control sites injected with the same volume of melted slurry (p
is CJ Abstract A variety of nonatherosclerotic diseases affect the arteries of the pelvis and lower extremities. Chronic repetitive traumatic conditions, such as popliteal entrapment and external iliac artery fibroelastosis, vasculitis and connective tissue diseases, and noninflammatory vascular diseases, are a few of the more commonly encountered nonatherosclerotic peripheral vascular diseases. Ultrasound, computed tomography angiography, and magnetic resonance angiography are essential in the initial assessment and management of patients with peripheral vascular disease. PMID: 32471547 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
This article discusses basic renal vascular anatomy, common imaging findings, and current and potential future imaging protocols for various renovascular pathologic conditions. PMID: 32471544 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Abstract There are several vascular ultrasound technologies that are useful in challenging diagnostic situations. New vascular ultrasound applications include directional power Doppler ultrasound, contrast-enhanced ultrasound, B-flow imaging, microvascular imaging, 3-dimensional vascular ultrasound, intravascular ultrasound, photoacoustic imaging, and vascular elastography. All these techniques are complementary to Doppler ultrasound and provide greater ability to visualize small vessels, have higher sensitivity to detect slow flow, and better assess vascular wall and lumen while overcoming limitations color Doppl...
Publication date: June 2020Source: European Journal of Surgical Oncology, Volume 46, Issue 6Author(s): Pooja Padmanabhan, Syeda Nadia Shah Gilani, Polly Partlett, Elizabeth Clayton, Tracey Irvine, Farrokh Pakzad, Jonathan Horsnell
Publication date: June 2020Source: European Journal of Surgical Oncology, Volume 46, Issue 6Author(s): Zoe Barber, Miriam Kakaire, Chris Gateley
Publication date: June 2020Source: European Journal of Surgical Oncology, Volume 46, Issue 6Author(s): Masooma Zaidi, Mark Tatterton, Peter May-Miller, Sophie Helme, Lucy Mansfield, Constantinos Yiangou, Avi Agrawal
Publication date: June 2020Source: European Journal of Surgical Oncology, Volume 46, Issue 6Author(s): Liran Barzilai, Abdul Syed, Emma Gray, Sudhakar Eleti, Jessica Fairbanks, Ahsan Rao, Harun Thomas
Publication date: Available online 30 May 2020Source: Respiratory Medicine Case ReportsAuthor(s): Therese Maria Henriette Naur, Uffe Bodtger, Rafi Nessar, Goran Nadir Salih, Paul Frost Clementsen
Conclusion: ITM 5 μg/kg provides better intraoperative and postoperative analgesia and reduces postoperative PCA fentanyl requirement in laparoscopic donor nephrectomy compared to TAP block or intravenous fentanyl.
Publication date: Available online 30 May 2020Source: European Journal of Obstetrics &Gynecology and Reproductive BiologyAuthor(s): Leticia Alvarez-Sarrado, Carlos De Bonrostro-Torralba, Andrea Espiau-Romera, Marta Benito-Vielba, Ana Lasierra-Beamonte, Jose Manuel Campillos-Maza