Treatment of Brain Edema by Wogonoside Is Associated with Inhibition of Neuronal Apoptosis and SIRT1 Activation in Rats.

CONCLUSIONS The present study demonstrated that wogonoside prevents brain edema development and apoptosis of neurons in rats by promoting SIRT1 expression and suppression of p53 activation. Therefore, wogonoside has therapeutic potential for the treatment of edema and needs to be investigated further to completely define the mechanism involved. PMID: 32221271 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research

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Authors: Susmitha K, Chandrasekhar V, Kiran G, Divya A, Rani GS, Sarangapani M Abstract Stroke is becoming a main cause of early death and disability in developing countries like India, and it is mostly enhanced by increased predominance of major risk factors. A detailed knowledge about the nature and magnitude of the stroke cases in this particular area is not only important for acute treatment but also it helps to prevent hospital admissions due to reoccurring stroke. The present study was conducted in the Department of Stroke at MGM Hospital, Warangal, India, to study the patterns of stroke admissions. All the c...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
(University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston) Results of an Electronic Health Record (EHR) study assessing the most commonly used medications for raising blood pressure in patients with nontraumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), a rare type of stroke, have been published in Neurosurgical Focus by scientists at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth).
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
CONCLUSION: This study describes the current status of acute stroke care in Korea. Despite quite acceptable quality of stroke care, it suggests regional and hospital disparities. Expansion of stroke units, stroke center certification or accreditation, and connections between stroke centers and emergency medical services are highly recommended. PMID: 32449325 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research
Authors: Gattellari M, Goumas C, Jalaludin B, Worthington JM Abstract OBJECTIVES: Epidemiological trends for major causes of death and disability, such as stroke, may be monitored using administrative data to guide public health initiatives and service delivery. METHODS: We calculated admissions rates for ischaemic stroke, intracerebral haemorrhage and subarachnoid haemorrhage between 1 January 2005 and December 31st, 2013 and rates of 30-day mortality and 365-day mortality in 30-day survivors to 31 December 2014 for patients aged 15 years or older from New South Wales, Australia. Annual Average Percentage...
Source: Neurological Research - Category: Neurology Tags: Neurol Res Source Type: research
AbstractCoronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), a disease caused by the novel betacoronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), has become a global pandemic threat. The potential involvement of COVID-19 in central nervous system (CNS) has attracted considerable attention due to neurological manifestations presented throughout the disease process. In addition, SARS-CoV-2 is structurally similar to SARS-CoV, and both bind to the angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) receptor to enter human cells. Thus, cells expressing ACE2, such as neurons and glial cells may act as targets and are thus vulnerable to SARS-CoV-2 infection. Here, we have reviewed ...
Source: Journal of Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
To expand our current understanding of the genetic basis of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), and reveal the susceptibility genes in SAH risk.
Source: Molecular Brain - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of SAH appears to have decreased in recent years, with SAH-I comprising 17.9% of the cases. Patients with SAH-I have better prognosis and lower risk of complications, highlighting the benignity of SAH-PM. PMID: 32457002 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Neurocirugia - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Neurocirugia (Astur) Source Type: research
Conclusions: In the population who underwent postmortem neuropathologic evaluation, 68% of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation nonsurvivors developed acute brain injury. Hypoxic-ischemic brain injury was the most common type of injury suggesting that patients sustained acute brain injury as a consequence of cardiogenic shock and cardiac arrest. Further research with a systematic neurologic monitoring is necessary to define the timing of acute brain injury in patients with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.
Source: Critical Care Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Online Brief Report Source Type: research
This study was conducted to prepare β-caryophyllene loaded liposomes (BCP-LP) and investigated their effects on neurovascular unit (NVU) damage after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) in rats. A blood injection into the pre-chiasmatic cistern was used to achieve SAH. BCP-LP were prepared, characterized and administrated to rats with SAH. The prepared BCP-LP were spherical with a size distribution of approximately 189.3 nm and Zeta potential of - 13.9 mV. Neurological scoring, the balance beam test, cerebral blood flow monitoring, brain edema and biochemical analyses were applied to evaluate the effects of B...
Source: Neurochemical Research - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Neurochem Res Source Type: research
ConclusionsNeurostimulant administration during acute stroke care may improve wakefulness. Future controlled studies with a neurostimulant administration protocol, prospective evaluation, and discretely defined response and safety criteria are needed to confirm these encouraging findings.
Source: Neurocritical Care - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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