Binge eating and binge drinking behaviors: the role of family functioning

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Source: Psychology, Health and Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: research

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AbstractAdolescents seeking bariatric surgery may present with pre-existing psychiatric diagnoses for which they use chronic medications. To heighten awareness concerning perioperative polypharmacy in adolescents with extreme obesity, we conducted a retrospective review of patients undergoing laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy between February 2010 and May 2017 at Children ’s National Health System (CNHS). A total of 167 adolescent patients had pre-existing psychiatric diagnoses which included depression (50%), anxiety (23%), ADHD (23%), and binge eating disorder (11%). Medications prescribed to treat these diagnoses in...
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To examine how household food insecurity is related to adolescent weight status and disordered eating. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, population-based study. Adolescents self-reported unhealthy weight control behaviours, binge eating and meal frequency; weight status was measured. Household food insecurity was assessed by asking parents to respond to the validated six-item US Household Food Security Survey Module. SETTING: Adolescents surveyed within Minneapolis/St. Paul public middle and high schools completed surveys at school, and their parents/guardians were surveyed by mail during the ...
Source: Public Health Nutrition - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Findings extend previous reports of metabolic dysfunction in binge-eating disorders, identifying unique associations across disorders and under stress. Moreover, we observed disrupted homeostatic signaling in AN following psychological stress, which may explain, in part, the maintenance of dysregulated eating in this serious illness. PMID: 32460904 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Psychological Medicine - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Psychol Med Source Type: research
“Since we’ve been in quarantine,” announces Susan, a binge eating client, “I can’t stop overeating. Now that I’m in lockdown, I wish I had lockjaw!” Danny laughingly echoes the same feeling: “Now that I can’t go to work, I’m involved instead in many diverse activities at home throughout the day — there’s snacking, grazing, munching, nibbling, noshing, chowing down, and sometimes even eating meals!” Susan and Danny have it right — emotional eating struggles during this time of COVID-19 are alive and well. In truth, worry, anxiety, fear, grie...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Binge Eating Eating Disorders Binge Eating Disorder Compassion coronavirus COVID-19 Emotional Eating Mindfulness pandemic social distancing Source Type: blogs
Conclusions: These findings suggest that individuals believe cannabis will improve some ED symptoms; however, these expected improvements are not associated with increased cannabis use and problems. Future research should examine cannabis expectancies in clinical populations and should further explore the association between cannabis expectancies, use, and ED symptoms longitudinally. PMID: 32449448 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewResearch suggests that cultural factors influence eating behaviors; however, little is known about the relationship between food addiction and culture. This narrative review aimed to (i) review theoretically related work on the relationship between sociocultural demographic variables, food cravings, and eating disorders; (ii) review the available literature assessing cultural aspects of food addiction, specifically the rates of food addiction across the globe and notable differences in relevant sociodemographic variables: race, ethnicity, gender, and acculturation level; (iii) discuss the potential...
Source: Current Addiction Reports - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: This study showed long-term sustainability of treatment effects up to 1-year post-treatment of a web-based therapist-delivered CBT for patients with various ED. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV, evidence obtained from multiple time series analysis, with intervention. UNIQUE CLINICAL TRIAL NUMBER: NTR2415-Dutch Trial Registry (http://www.trialregister.nl/trialreg/admin/rctview.asp?TC=2415). PMID: 32449152 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Eating disorder programming efforts targeting body checking behavior may prove useful in decreasing White and Black women's disinhibited eating. PMID: 32454077 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Appetite - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Appetite Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewElectronic or eHealth technologies have resulted in a progressive transformation of healthcare delivery, leading to greater treatment access, and more informed and individualized clinician-patient relationships. These characteristics are especially important for individuals who suffer from compulsive overeating and related disorders such as binge-eating disorder and bulimia nervosa —where personal feelings of shame and fear, high costs and low treatment availability may deter individuals from obtaining appropriate care. In the following narrative review, the efficacy of eHealth interventions ...
Source: Current Addiction Reports - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
Abstract Restrained eaters, those who exercise dietary restraint and often experience dietary lapses, may be particularly susceptible to food marketing. Findings are mixed as to whether restrained eaters consume more food after exposure to unhealthy food marketing, and little is known about whether food marketing may have more impact on those who exercise successful dietary restraint as compared with those who experience dietary lapses, such as binge eating. In the current study, participants were 38 young women, ages 18-22 years old. Both dietary restraint and binge eating were measured by the Eating Disorde...
Source: Eating Behaviors - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: Eat Behav Source Type: research
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