Patterns and characteristics of methamphetamine use among adults - United States, 2015-2018 - Jones CM, Compton WM, Mustaquim D.

Methamphetamine is a highly addictive central nervous system stimulant. Methamphetamine use is associated with a range of health harms, including psychosis and other mental disorders, cardiovascular and renal dysfunction, infectious disease transmission, a...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

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This article addresses the need for a protocol by including occurrences of accidents and injuries, consequences to anesthesia practice and patient care, costs, and the culture in an anesthesia group or department. Components of the protocol are formation of a committee, risk assessment, clear workplace policy, annual continuing education, annual supervisor training, drug screening of anesthesia personnel, pharmacy accountability, and access to treatment. The article describes the protocol and provides supplemental information to aid in implementation at other anesthesia departments. Substance abuse among CRNAs is a complex...
Source: AANA Journal - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: AANA J Source Type: research
AbstractPsychological interventions for addictive behaviours (i.e., alcohol, smoking, gambling) typically focus on reducing the frequency of that target behaviour. Individuals generally set a “count goal” and then monitor the frequency of these behaviours via a process of counting/recording (i.e., number of alcoholic drinks, number of dollars gambled). We argue that this approach, although a key feature of interventions, presents a range of challenges, including: confusion regarding what constitutes a count; remembering to keep count; and remembering to stop at a certain count. We argue that these inherent feat...
Source: Clinical Psychologist - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: SPECIAL ISSUE ARTICLE Source Type: research
Alcohol is a unique addictive substance used by many people for different reasons. Alcohol use affects not only the users but also the family and the whole society in a negative way. Alcohol is one of the most commonly used substances for entertainment pur...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: There was no association between SNCA polymorphisms and schizophrenia in the North Han Chinese population, and the ATT haplotype may be a susceptibility factor for schizophrenia. PMID: 32432761 [PubMed - in process]
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrate the importance of comprehensive assessments for alcohol use, including self-report via multiple assessment tools administered by trained staff, as well as the addition of biomarkers for improved classification of subjects into different drinking categories. PMID: 32441814 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Alcohol Clin Exp Res Source Type: research
Compulsion-like motivation for intoxicants, where intake persists in the face of known negative consequences, is a major contributor to human addiction (1,2), and there is considerable interest in understanding the molecular and brain circuit mechanisms that drive this pathological behavior. While there are different conceptualizations of compulsion [as discussed by L üscher et al. (1) and Hopf (2)], one widely used animal model is the willingness to respond for an intoxicant even when paired with an acute negative event such as footshock.
Source: Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Commentary Source Type: research
(Natural News) According to Mental Health America, at least six million men in the U.S. are affected by depression annually. The American Foundation for Suicide Prevention reports that compared to women, men died by suicide at a rate of 3.54 percent higher in 2017. In the same vein, the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism notes...
Source: NaturalNews.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Authors: Ilhan MN, Yapar D Abstract Alcohol is a unique addictive substance used by many people for different reasons. Alcohol use affects not only the users but also the family and the whole society in a negative way. Alcohol is one of the most commonly used substances for entertainment purposes in the world and one in three people is a current drinker. 2.348 billion people (43% of the population) aged 15 and over are current drinkers and males drink about 2 times more frequently than females (53.6% / 32.3%). According to the Global Alcohol and Health Report published by the World Health Organization (WHO) (2018),...
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - Category: General Medicine Tags: Turk J Med Sci Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the social context of nonmedical use of prescription stimulants (NMUPS) among college students who endorsed NMUPS with co-occurring substance use disorders (SUD) compared with those without co-occurring SUDs. METHODS: Presented here are new analyses based on data previously collected from college students aged 18 to 28 years derived from the Boston metropolitan area who endorsed NMUPS (N = 100) at least once in their lifetime. Differences between those with lifetime history of SUD (N = 46) and without a hi...
Source: American Journal on Addictions - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research
AbstractThe current study aimed to investigate if general and alcohol-related social media use predicts symptoms of depression and anxiety. Students in Bergen, Norway, participated in a Web-based survey during fall 2015 (T1) and a follow-up survey during fall 2016 (T2). A total of 5217 participated in both surveys. Crude and adjusted linear regression analyses were conducted to investigate if social media use at T1 predicted depression and anxiety at T2. Several social media use variables (e.g., using Instagram) were positively associated with depression and anxiety over time, but these associations became non-significant ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
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